Maps are essential for any serious Bible study. Our collection of maps are simple and they are free.
Sketch is of the Siege of Lachish by the Assyrians
In ancient times Lachish was an important city in Judah, second only to Jerusalem.
The Bible mentions Lachish often:
2 Kings 18:14 - And Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria to Lachish, saying, I have offended; return from me: that which thou puttest on me will I bear. And the king of Assyria appointed unto Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold.
2 Chronicles 32:9 - After this did Sennacherib king of Assyria send his servants to Jerusalem, (but he [himself laid siege] against Lachish, and all his power with him,) unto Hezekiah king of Judah, and unto all Judah that [were] at Jerusalem, saying,
Jeremiah 34:7 - When the king of Babylon's army fought against Jerusalem, and against all the cities of Judah that were left, against Lachish, and against Azekah: for these defenced cities remained of the cities of Judah.
Joshua 10:23 - And they did so, and brought forth those five kings unto him out of the cave, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, [and] the king of Eglon.
2 Kings 18:17 - And the king of Assyria sent Tartan and Rabsaris and Rabshakeh from Lachish to king Hezekiah with a great host against Jerusalem. And they went up and came to Jerusalem. And when they were come up, they came and stood by the conduit of the upper pool, which [is] in the highway of the fuller's field.
Joshua 10:5 - Therefore the five kings of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, the king of Eglon, gathered themselves together, and went up, they and all their hosts, and encamped before Gibeon, and made war against it.
Joshua 10:3 - Wherefore Adonizedek king of Jerusalem sent unto Hoham king of Hebron, and unto Piram king of Jarmuth, and unto Japhia king of Lachish, and unto Debir king of Eglon, saying,
Joshua 12:11 - The king of Jarmuth, one; the king of Lachish, one;
Nehemiah 11:30 - Zanoah, Adullam, and [in] their villages, at Lachish, and the fields thereof, at Azekah, and [in] the villages thereof. And they dwelt from Beersheba unto the valley of Hinnom.
Isaiah 36:2 - And the king of Assyria sent Rabshakeh from Lachish to Jerusalem unto king Hezekiah with a great army. And he stood by the conduit of the upper pool in the highway of the fuller's field.
Micah 1:13 - O thou inhabitant of Lachish, bind the chariot to the swift beast: she [is] the beginning of the sin to the daughter of Zion: for the transgressions of Israel were found in thee.
Joshua 10:32 - And the LORD delivered Lachish into the hand of Israel, which took it on the second day, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that [were] therein, according to all that he had done to Libnah.
2 Kings 19:8 - So Rabshakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria warring against Libnah: for he had heard that he was departed from Lachish.
Isaiah 37:8 - So Rabshakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria warring against Libnah: for he had heard that he was departed from Lachish.
Joshua 10:33 - Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua smote him and his people, until he had left him none remaining.
Joshua 10:31 - And Joshua passed from Libnah, and all Israel with him, unto Lachish, and encamped against it, and fought against it:
Joshua 10:34 - And from Lachish Joshua passed unto Eglon, and all Israel with him; and they encamped against it, and fought against it:
Joshua 10:35 - And they took it on that day, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that [were] therein he utterly destroyed that day, according to all that he had done to Lachish.
Joshua 15:39 - Lachish, and Bozkath, and Eglon,
2 Chronicles 11:9 - And Adoraim, and Lachish, and Azekah,
2 Kings 14:19 - Now they made a conspiracy against him in Jerusalem: and he fled to Lachish; but they sent after him to Lachish, and slew him there.
2 Chronicles 25:27 - Now after the time that Amaziah did turn away from following the LORD they made a conspiracy against him in Jerusalem; and he fled to Lachish: but they sent to Lachish after him, and slew him there.
War Inside and Out
Anyone who looks into human history can't help but see an entire world shaped by war, where practically every nation's boundaries are established as a result of one army killing another. Why is war such a part of the human fabric? The Scriptures indicate that war is a symptom of a deep spiritual problem. War is the result of man's fallen and evil heart. Not someone else's evil heart. Not the evil hearts of only a greedy oligarchy, or a bloodthirsty aggressor, but our evil heart. All of us. "There is none righteous, no not one." Romans 3:10
After exercising his free will and choosing to rebel against his Creator, man became disconnected from God and His free flowing intimacy. (Genesis 3) Man had to cope with an emptiness that needed filling, guilt that made him angry, shame that made him hide, and fear that made him greedy and controlling... to name a few results.
We are all born from this nature and perhaps if we are honest we can see the war within us at work. How do we respond when cut-off on a highway? How do we respond to an unjust provocation? What was your reaction when you didn't get your way and your spouse, or co-worker did? The true test doesn't manifest when we're comfortable, but rather when we're cornered and provoked. Add to this the Satanic realm where fallen angels manipulate, motivate and drive scenarios, and we should probably be amazed that there hasn't been more war!
God had a plan to solve our 'heart' problem and human history is His Story of redemption where our sin was paid by Someone else in order to legally and righteously connect us back to His intimacy. This is the Gospel story, the good news! Yes, unbelievably, that God vicariously absorbed the condemnation and punishment due to us Himself - through the Person of His Son.
Listen to Isaiah writing about Messiah some 700 years before He came.
Once we have peace with God, and are filled with His Spirit, it's easier, though not guaranteed, to pursue peace with others. Sanctification is still a process and we must lay down our battles one argument at a time by turning the other cheek and going the extra mile, though soldiers or Centurions were never commanded to leave their defense of the nation.
If it is possible, as far as it depends on you, live at peace with everyone. - Romans 12:18
We are promised grace as we struggle with these issues and forgiveness when we fail. We are told nation will continue to rise against nation (Matt. 24:7) until the Day of the Lord when Jerusalem will mourn over the One they have pierced, (Zech 13:10) and He who is called Faithful and True returns to wage the final war and finally rule in peace. Rev. 19:11