Babylon, Assyria, and Mesopotamia

Empire of Sargon of Akkad (2350-2200 BCE)
Sargon(2350-2330 BCE) Semitic king and founder of a dynasty of Akkad
Naräm-Sîn "The last in the dynasty of Akkad was an important king. Naräm-Sîn (Akkadian, meaning 'the lover of Sîn, the moon god) and grandson of Sargon has collected many feats of arms and has a comparable status and power as his grandfather. He called himself ar kibrät arba'im 'king of the four quarters' meaning the entire known world at the time. His empire was even larger than Sargon's empire, as became clear after the surprising discovery in 1974 of the city of Ebla near Lebanon in Syria, an hitherto unexpected highly developed civilization in the far west. Deification of a human. Naräm-Sîn was the first king to deify himself.
Gudea of Lagash (2100-2000 BCE) Gudea considered himself the representative of the god Ningirsu. After his death he was deified.
Urnammu (2100-2000 BCE) The founder of the Ur-III dynasty is Urnammu, originally a general who took the title of 'king of Sumer and Akkad'. Under Utuhengal of Uruk (possibly his brother) he was appointed as governor of Ur, revolted and subsequently defeated him and king Nammahani of Lagash.
Shulgi (2100-2000 BCE) Shulgi, son of Urnammu, is an important king known from odes in later texts. He was the Maecenas (patron of arts) of the Sumerian language and promoted the canonization of Sumerian literature.
Hammurabi in Babylon (1792-1750 BCE) - Short bio and link to his code
King Ashurnasirpal II (883-859 BCE)
Two Assyrian Officials Reign of Sargon II, 721-705 B.C.
Clay Prism of Sennacherib Reign of Sennacherib, ca. 689 B.C.
Nebuchadnezzar II- very short bio from Catholic Encyclopedia