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o, interj. O!, an excamation of joy, astonishment, etc.
ob, prep. with acc., in front of, before; in return for; because of, on account of; 'ob rem', to the purpose, with advantage.
obaeratus -a -um, in debt; as subst. a debtor.
obambulo -are, to walk up and down, walk about near.
obarmo -are, to arm.
obaro -are, to plow up.
obbrutesco -ere, to become stupid or dull.
obc-; see occ-.
obdo -ere -didi -ditum, to place before, put against; 'fores', to shut the door.
obdormisco -dormiscere -dormivi, to go to sleep.
obduco -ducere -duxi -ductum. (1) to draw over, draw in front; of persons, to bring forward. (2) to cover, close over; 'venenum', to swallow 'frontem', to wrinkle; of time, to pass, spend.
obductio -onis, f. covering, veiling.
obduresco -ere, to become hard, harden.
obduro -are, to be hard (against); to stand out, hold out, persist.
obedio; = oboedio; q.v.
obeo -ire -ivi and -ii -itum. Intransit. to go to, go to meet, go against; of heavenly bodies, to set; of the living, to die. Transit. to go to, go over, traverse; to go over, encompass (by looking or speaking); to enter upon, engage in, perform, execute a task; with diem or mortem, to die.
obequito -are, to ride up to.
oberro -are, to wander about, go astray.
obesus -a -um, fat, plump; swollen; coarse.
obex -icis, m. and f. bolt, bar, barrier, barricade.
obf-; see off-.
obg-; see ogg-.
obhaeresco -haerescere -haesi -haesum, to stick fast to, adhere to.
obiaceo -ere, to lie at, lie against.
obicio -icere -ieci -iectum, to throw in the way, to expose; to inspire, cause, produce; to put before, hold before, as protection or an obstacle; to bring up anything as a reproach, to throw in a person's teeth. Hence partic. obiectus -a -um, lying near, opposite to; exposed to; brought up against a person; n. pl. as subst. charges.
obiectatio -onis, f. a reproach.
obiecto -are, to throw in the way, expose; to set against; to bring up anything as a reproach, to throw in a person's teeth.
obiectus (1) -a -um, partic. from obicio; q.v.
obiectus (2) -us, m. placing against, putting opposite.
obirascor -irasci -iratus, dep. to grow angry at.
obiter, on the way, by the way, in passing.
obitus -us, m. an approach; of heavenly bodies, setting; of the living, death, downfall, destruction.
obiurgatio -onis, f. scolding, reproving.
obiurgator -oris, m. a scolder, reprover.
obiurgatorius -a -um, reproachful, scolding.
obiurgo -are, to scold, reprove, blame, chastise.
oblanguesco -languescere -langui, to become weary.
oblatro -are, to bark at; to scold.
oblectamen -inis, n. delight, pleasure.
oblectamentum -i, n. delight, amusement, pastime.
oblectatio -onis, f. delighting, amusing.
oblecto -are, to please, amuse; to pass time pleasantly, while away time.
oblido -lidere -lisi -lisum, to crush.
obligatio -onis, f. a bond, tie.
obligo -are, to tie, bind up, bandage. Transf., to bind, make liable, oblige; to make liable to punishment, make guilty. Hence partic. obligatus -a -um, bound, under an obligation.
oblimo -are, to cover with slime or mud.
oblino -linere -levi -litum, to smear, daub, besmear; to stain, defile; perf. partic. oblitus -a -um, overloaded.
obliquo -are, to turn sideways, turn aside.
obliquus -a -um, slanting, sideways, on one side; of speech, indirect, covert; looking askance, envious. Adv. oblique, sideways, aslant; indirectly, by implication.
oblitesco -litescere -litui, to conceal oneself.
oblittero -are, to cancel, blot out.
oblivio -onis, f. forgetfulness, oblivion.
obliviosus -a -um, oblivious, forgetful; causing forgetfulness.
obliviscor oblivisci oblitus, dep. to forget.
oblivium -i, n., usually plur., oblivion, forgetfulness.
oblongus -a -um, oblong.
obloquor -loqui -locutus, dep. to speak against, answer back, contradict, abuse, interrupt; in music, to accompany.
obluctor -ari, dep. to struggle against.
obmolior -iri, dep. to build against (as barrier or defence).
obmurmuro -are, to roar against.
obmutesco -mutescere -mutui, to become dumb; to cease.
obnatus -a -um, growing on.
obnitor -niti -nixus, dep. to press against, strive against; to take up a stand, maintain a firm position; adv. from partic., obnixe, firmly, vi- gorously.
obnoxiosus -a -um, submissive, compliant.
obnoxius -a -um, with dat., liable, addicted to, guilty of; indebted, obliged, dependent on; subject to, exposed to.
obnubo -nubere -nupsi -nuptum, to cover.
obnuntiatio -onis, f. the announcement of an unfavorable omen.
obnuntio -are, to report an unfavorable omen.
oboedientia -ae, f. obedience, compliance.
oboedio -ire, to obey, comply with, listen to (with dat.); partic. oboediens -entis, obedient, compliant; adv. oboedienter.
oborior -oriri -ortus, dep. to arise, appear.
obrepo -repere -repsi -reptum, to creep up to; to steal upon, come on by surprise.
obretio -ire, to catch in a net.
obrigesco -rigescere -rigui, to become stiff, esp. to freeze.
obrogo -are, to amend or repeal a law by introducing another.
obruo -ruere -rui -rutum; fut partic. -ruiturus. Intransit. to fall, collapse. Transit. to cover, bury, swamp, drown; to overwhelm, destroy, obliterate.
obrussa -ae, f. assay; test.
obsaepio -saepire -saepsi -saeptum, to fence in, block up, render inaccess- ible.
obsaturo -are, to stuff, choke.
obscenitas (obscaen-) -atis, f. impurity, indecency.
obscenus -a -um, foul, filthy; morally, impure, indecent; ill-omened. Adv. obscene.
obscuratio -onis f. darkening; disappearance.
obscuritas -atis, f. darkness; of language, obscurity; of condition, obscurity, low birth.
obscuro -are, to cover, darken, obscure; to veil, conceal, suppress.
obscurus -a -um, covered, dark, obscure; n. as subst., darkness; of language, obscure, unintelligible; of origin, etc. unknown, obscure; of character, secret, reserved, close. Hence adv. obscure, darkly,; un- intelligibly; secretly.
obsecratio -onis, f. earnest entreaty, supplication; public prayer to the gods.
obsecro -are, to beseech, implore, entreat.
obsecundo -are, to comply with.
obsepio; = obsaepio; q.v.
obsequella -ae, f. compliance.
obsequens -entis, partic. from obsequor; q.v.
obsequentia -ae, f. complaisance.
obsequium -i, n. compliance, submission; indulgence, pliancy.
obsequor -sequi -secutus, dep. to comply with, yield to, obey; partic. obsequens -entis, compliant, obedient.
obsero (1) -are, to bolt, bar.
obsero (2) -serere -sevi -situm, to sow thickly, cover with seeds, etc.; partic. obsitus -a -um, full of, covered with, beset by (with abl.).
observantia -ae, f. respect, attention.
observatio -onis, f.observing, watching; care, accuracy, circumspection.
observator -oris, m. observer, watcher.
observito -are, to watch carefully.
observo -are, to watch, regard, attend to; of rules, to keep, regard; of persons, to respect. Hence partic. observans -antis, attentive, respectful.
obses -sidis, c. a hostage; a surety, security, pledge.
obsessio -onis, f. blockade.
obsessor -oris, m. one who besets, haunts, or besieges.
obsideo -sidere -sedi -sessum: intransit. to sit down near; transit. to beset, haunt, frequent; esp. to blockade, besiege; to watch over, be on the look-out for.
obsidio -onis, f. blockade, siege.
obsidium (1) -i, n. blockade, siege.
obsidium (2) -i, n. the condition of hostage.
obsido -sidere -sedi -sessum, to blockade, besiege, invest.
obsignator -oris, m. one who seals; a witness to a will.
obsigno -are, to seal; of a witness, to sign and seal; to stamp, impress.
obsisto -sistere -stiti -stitum, to place oneself before or in the way of; to oppose, withstand, resist.
obsitus; see obsero (2).
obsolefio -fieri -factus, to become worn out; to be degraded.
obsolesco -escere -evi -etum, to go out of use, decay, wear out; partic. obsoletus -a -um, worn out, decayed; obsolete; threadbare, poor; compar. adv. obsoletius, more shabbily.
obsonator -oris, m. a caterer.
obsonium -i, n. what is eaten with bread; e.g. vegetables, fruit, fish.
obsono (1) -are and obsonor -ari, dep. to buy food, cater, provide a meal.
obsono (2) -are, to interrupt by noise.
obsorbeo -ere -ui, to swallow, gulp down.
obstetrix -icis, f. midwife.
obstinatio -onis, f. persistence, firmness, obstinacy.
obstino -are, to persist, be resolved. Hence partic. obstinatus -a -um, persistent, firm, obstinate; adv. obstinate.
obstipesco; = obstupesco; q.v.
obstipus -a -um, leaning to one side; bent back or down.
obsto -stare -stiti -staturus, to stand before or in the way; to oppose, resist, obstruct (with dat.); n. pl. of partic. as subst. obstantia, hindrances, obstacles, impediments.
obstrepo -strepere -strepui -strepitum, to make a noise, clamor at, disturb, interrupt (with dat.); in pass. to be drowned by noise or filled with noise.
obstringo -stringere -strinxi -strictum, to bind up, tie fast; to entangle, involve, put under an obligation.
obstructio -onis, f. hindrance, obstruction.
obstrudo; = obtrudo; q.v.
obstruo -struere -struxi -structum, to build against; to block up, close, stop.
obstupefacio -facere -feci -factus, to astound, stupefy, render senseless.
obstupesco (obstip-) -stupescere -stupui, to become senseless, be astounded
obsum obesse obfui, to be in the way, be prejudicial to (with dat.).
obsuo -suere -sui -sutum, to sew on; to sew up, close up.
obsurdesco -descere -dui, to become deaf; to turn a deaf ear.
obtego -tegere -texi -tectum, to cover up; to protect; to conceal; partic. obtegens -entis, concealing.
obtemperatio -onis, f. compliance, obedience.
obtempero -are, to comply with, submit to (with dat.).
obtendo -tendere -tendi -tentum. (1) to stretch before, spread before. Transf. to put forward as an excuse, to allege. (2) to cover, conceal.
obtentus -us, m. stretching or spreading before. Transf. pretext, pretence, excuse.
obtentus (2) -a -um, partic. from obtineo; q.v.
obtentus (3) -a -um, partic. from obtendo; q.v.
obtero -terere -trivi -tritum, to trample, crush.
obtestatio -onis, f. a calling of gods to witness; an entreaty in the name of the gods.
obtestor -ari, dep. to call as witness; to adjure, implore, entreat in the name of the gods.
obtexo -texere -texui, to cover.
obticeo -ere, to be silent.
obticesco -ticescere -ticui, to become silent.
obtineo -tinere -tinui -tentum: transit. to hold, possess, keep, maintain; esp. to maintain an assertion; also to take hold of, grasp; intransit. to hold, obtain, continue.
obtingo -tingere -tigi, to happen, befall.
obtorpesco -torpescere -torpui, to become stiff, numb, insensible.
obtorqueo -torquere -torsi -tortum, to wrench, twist round.
obtrectatio -onis, f. disparagement, detraction.
obtrectator -oris, m. detractor, disparager.
obtrecto -are, to disparage, detract from.
obtrudo (obstrudo) -trudere -trusi -trusum. (1) to gulp down, swallow down. (2) to force, obtrude.
obtrunco -are, to cut down.
obtundo -tundere -tudi -tusum and -tunsum, to beat upon, thump; to make blunt, dull, weaken, weary. Hence partic. obtusus and obtunsus -a -um, dull, blunt, blurred, in- sensible.
obturbo -are, to disturb, confuse, distract, harass.
obturgesco -ere, to swell up.
obturo -are, to stop up.
obtusus; see obtundo.
obtutus -us, m. gaze, contemplation.
obumbro -are, to overshadow, obscure; to conceal, protect, cover.
obuncus -a -um, bent inwards, hooked.
obustus -a -um, burnt, hardened in the fire.
obvallo -are, to surround with a wall, wall round.
obvenio -venire -veni -ventum, to come in the way of, to meet; to occur, happen, fall to a person's lot.
obversor -ari, dep. to move before, appear before.
obverto (-vorto) -vertere -verti -versum, to turn towards, direct against. Partic. obversus -a -um, turned towards; m. pl. as subst. opponents.
obviam, in the way, on the way; hence, with dat., towards, against, to meet; 'obviam ire', with dat. to go to meet, to oppose; also to help, remedy.
obvius -a -um, in the way, meeting (with dat.); exposed; ready at hand; affable, easy of access.
obvolvo -volvere -volvi -volutum, to wrap up, cover all round.
occaeco -are, to make blind, to blind, to darken; to conceal, make invisible, to make dull or numb.
occallesco -callescere -callui, to become thick-skinned, hard or unfeeling.
occano -canere -canui, to sound.
occasio -onis, f. a favorable moment, opportunity.
occasus -us, m. the setting of heavenly bodies; hence the west; in gen. fall, destruction.
occatio -onis, f. harrowing.
occedo -cedere -cessi -cessum, to go towards, meet.
occento -are, to sing a serenade to; to sing a lampoon against.
occepto -are, to begin.
occidens; see occido (2).
occidio -onis, f. slaughter, destruction, extermination.
occido (1) -cidere -cidi -cisum, to strike down, beat to the ground; to kill, slay; to plague to death, torment.
occido (2) -cidere -cidi -casum, to fall, fall down; of heavenly bodies, to set; of the living, to die, perish, be ruined. Hence pres. partic. occidens -entis, setting; m. as subst. (sc. sol), the setting sun, the west.
occiduus -a -um, setting, sinking; hence western, westerly.
occino -cinere -cecini and -cinui, to sing inauspiciously.
occipio -cipere -cepi -ceptum, to begin.
occipitium -i, n. and occiput -itis, n. the back of the head, occiput.
occisio -onis, f. killing, slaughter.
occisor -oris, m. slayer, murderer.
occludo -cludere -clusi -clusum, to shut up, close up.
occo -are, to harrow.
occubo -are, to lie down, esp. to rest in the grave.
occulco -are, to trample, tread down.
occulo -culere -cului -cultum, to cover, hide. Hence partic. occultus -a -um, hidden, concealed, private; of persons, close, reserved. N. as subst. concealment, secrecy, a secret. Adv. occulte, secretly, obscurely.
occultatio -onis, f. hiding, concealment.
occultator -oris, m. hider, concealer.
occulto -are, to hide, conceal.
occultus; see occulo.
occumbo -cumbere -cubui -cubitum, to fall down, sink down; esp. to fall down dead.
occupatio -onis, f. seizing, taking possession; anticipation; business, employment, occupation.
occupo -are, to take possession of, seize, occupy, master; to fall upon, attack; to take up, employ; to invest money; to anticipate, get the start on a person, be first to do a thing. Hence partic. occupatus -a -um, busy, engaged, occupied.
occurro -currere -curri -cursum, to run to meet; to fall upon, attack; to work against, oppose, counteract; of things, to crop up, occur, come to mind.
occursatio -onis, f. attention, officiousness.
occurso -are, to run to meet; to oppose; of things, to occur, come to mind.
occursus -us, m. meeting, falling in.
Oceanus -i, m. the ocean, the sea which encompasses the earth; personif., the father of the Nymphs. 1
ocellus -i, m. a (little) eye; a darling.
ocior ocius, compar. adj., swifter, quicker; adv. ocius, more swiftly; 'serius, ocius', sooner or later; sometimes = swiftly only.
ocrea -ae, f. a greave.
ocreatus -a -um, wearing greaves.
Octavius -a -um, name of a Roman gens; esp. of C. Octavius, the Emperor Augustus; adj. Octvavianus -a -um.
octavus -a -um, eighth; octavum, for the eighth time; f. as subst., octava -ae, the eighth hour.
octavusdecimus -a -um, eighteenth.
octies (-iens), eight times.
octingentesimus -a -um, eight hundredth.
octingenti -ae -a, eight hundred.
octipes -pedis, having eight feet.
octo, indecl. numer., eight.
October -bris, belonging to the eighth month of the Roman year, reckoning from March; of October; m. as subst. October.
octodecim, indecl. numer., eighteen.
octogenarius -a -um, consisting of eighty.
octogeni -ae -a, eighty each, eighty at a time.
octogesimus -a -um, eightieth.
octogies (-iens), eighty times.
octoginta, indecl. numer., eighty.
octoiugis -e, yoked eight together.
octonarius -a -um, consisting of eight together.
octoni -ae -a, eight each, eight at a time, eight together.
octophorus -on, borne by eight; n. as subst. octophoron -i, a litter carried by eight bearers.
octuplicatus -a -um, increased eightfold.
octuplus -a -um, eightfold; n. as subst. an eightfold penalty.
octussis -is, m. a sum of eight 'asses'.
oculatus -a -um, having eyes; catching the eye, conspicuous.
oculus -i, m. the eye; 'esse in oculis', to be visible; an ornament, treasure; the bud or eye of a plant.
odi odisse; fut. partic. osurus, to hate, detest, dislike.
odiosus -a -um, hateful, troublesome, annoying; adv. odiose.
odium -i, n. hatred; an object of hatred; 'esse odio', with dat. to be hated by.
odor (older odos) -oris, m. a smell, odor, scent; a scent, suspicion, inkling, presentiment; in plur., perfumery, spices.
odoratio -onis, f. smelling, smell.
odoratus (1) -a -um, partic. from odoro; q.v.
odoratus (2) -us, m. smelling; the sense of smell.
odorifer -fera -ferum, having a pleasant smell; producing perfume.
odoro -are, to make odorous; partic. odoratus -a -um, sweet-smelling.
odoror -ari, dep. to smell; to smell out, snuff at; hence to aim at, aspire to; to search into, investigate; to get an inkling or smattering of.
odorus -a -um. (1) sweet-smelling. (2) keen-scented, tracking by smell.
odos; = odor; q.v.
Odyssea -ae, f. the Odyssey.
oeconomia -ae, f. arrangement, division.
oeconomicus -a -um, relating to domestic economy; orderly, methodical.
Oedipus -podis and -i, m. king of Thebes, son of Laius and Jocasta, fated to kill his father and marry his mother.
Oenone -es, f. a Phrygian nymph, loved and deserted by Paris.
oenophorum -i, n. a basket for wine.
oenus; = unus; q.v.
oestrus -i, m. the gadfly, horsefly; inspiration, frenzy.
oesus; = usus; q.v.
oesypum -i, n. a cosmetic.
ofella -ae, f. a bit, morsel.
offa -ae, f. a pellet, mass, lump; a swelling.
offendo -fendere -fendi -fensum: transit. to strike against, knock; to hit upon, fall in with; to shock, offend, displease; intransit. to knock, strike; to run aground; to stumble, make a mistake, to give offence (with dat.); also to take offence. Hence partic. offensus -a -um, injured, hurt; offensive.
offensa -ae, f. a striking, knocking against; injury; displeasure, offence.
offensio -onis, f. a striking, knocking, hitting against; 'pedis', a stumbling. Transf. a misfortune, setback, indisposition; displeasure, disfavor, aversion, offence.
offensiuncula -ae, f. a slight displeasure or check.
offenso -are, to strike, knock, stumble.
offensus (1) -a -um, partic. from offendo; q.v.
offensus (2) -us, m. shock, collision; offence, dislike.
offero offerre obtuli oblatum, to bring forward, place before, present, offer, expose; to inflict, occasion trouble; 'se offerre', and pass., 'offerri', to present oneself, appear.
officina -ae, f. a workshop, factory.
officio -ficere -feci -fectum, to act against; to get in the way of, impede, hinder, injure (with dat.).
officiosus -a -um, obliging, courteous, attentive; dutiful; adv. officiose.
officium -i, n. dutiful or respectful action; attendance, service, duty; sense of duty, respect, courtesy; submission, allegiance.
offigo -ere, to fix in, fasten.
offirmo -are, to make firm, to fasten; with reflex. or intransit., to be determined, persevere; partic. offirmatus -a -um, firm, resolute.
offucia -ae, f. paint, rouge; deceit.
offulgeo -fulgere -fulsi, to shine upon.
offundo -fundere -fudi -fusum, to pour over, spread round; to overspread, cover, conceal; to overwhelm, to bring trouble, etc., upon a person.
ogganio -ire, to growl at.
oh, interj. oh!, ah!.
ohe, interj. ho! hi!.
oi, interj. oh! ah!.
olea -ae, f. olive, olive tree.
oleaginus -a -um, of the olive tree.
olearius -a -um, of or for oil.
oleaster -tri, m. the wild olive tree.
oleo -ere, to emit an odor; to smell of, smack of; partic. olens -entis, smelling; fragrant or stinking.
oleum -i, n. olive oil, oil.
olfacio -facere -feci -factum, to smell; to scent out, detect.
olidus -a -um, smelling.
olim, at that time; of the past, formerly, once; of the future, hereafter, one day; with a present, for a long time now; at times, often.
olit-; see holit-.
oliva -ae, f. olive; olive tree; olive wreath; staff of olive wood.
olivetum -i, n. an olive grove.
olivifer -fera -ferum, olive-bearing.
olivum -i, n. olive oil, olive.
olla -ae, f. jar, pot.
olle; obsolete form of ille; q.v.
ollus; obsolete form of ille; q.v.
olo; = oleo; q.v.
olor -oris, m. swan.
olorinus -a -um, of a swan.
olus; see holus.
Olympia -ae, f. a city in Elis, where the Olympic games were held.
Olympus -i, m. a mountain range between Macedonia and Thessaly, supposed to be the abode of the gods.
omasum -i, n. bullock's tripe.
omen -inis, n. an omen, sign, prognostication.
omentum -i, n. fat; entrails, bowels.
ominor -ari, dep. to presage, prophesy, predict.
ominosus -a -um, foreboding, ominous.
omitto -mittere -misi -missum, to let go, let fall; to give up, lay aside; to disregard; in speaking, to leave out, omit; with infin., to cease. Hence partic. omissus -a -um, negligent, remiss.
omnifer -fera -ferum, bearing everything.
omnigenus -a -um, of all kinds.
omnimodis, in every way, entirely.
omnino, altogether, entirely, wholly; in general, in all; certainly, admittedly.
omniparens -entis, all-producing.
omnipotens -entis, almighty.
omnis -e, all, every, whole; of all kinds; in sing. each, or the whole of one person or thing.
omnituens -entis, all-seeing.
omnivagus -a -um, wandering everywhere.
onager and onagrus -i, m. wild ass.
onerarius -a -um, of burden, freight; 'iumenta', beasts of burden; '(navis) oneraria', a merchant or transport ship.
onero -are, to load, burden; to fill, weigh down; to oppress, overwhelm; to make worse, aggravate.
onerosus -a -um, heavy, burdensome, troublesome.
onus -eris, n. a load, burden, weight; a trouble, charge; a public burden, tax.
onustus -a -um, laden, loaded; full.
onyx -ychis, m. and f. onyx; a casket of onyx.
opacitas -atis, f. shadiness.
opaco -are, to shade, overshadow.
opacus -a -um, shaded, shady; dark, shadowy, obscure.
opella -ae, f. a little labor or trouble.
opera -ae, f. trouble, pains, exertion; 'operam dare', with dat., to word hard at; 'est operae pretium', it is worth while; 'opera mea', thanks to me. Transf. time for work; work done; in pl. laborers, workmen, also mobsters, gangsters.
operarius -a -um, relating to work; m. operarius -i, a laborer, workman.
operculum -i, n. a lid, cover.
operimentum -i, n. a cover, covering.
operio -perire -perui -pertum, to cover, bury, conceal; to close, shut up; to overwhelm; n. of partic. as subst., opertum -i, a secret place or secret.
operor -ari, dep. to work, labor, be busy; esp. in perf. partic. operatus -a -um, engaged, busy (esp. engaged in worship).
operosus -a -um: act. laborious, painstaking, industrious; pass., toilsome, difficult. Adv. operose, laboriously.
opertum; see operio.
opes; see ops.
Opicus -a -um, Oscan. Transf. stupid, philistine.
opifer -fera -ferum, helpful.
opifex -ficis, c. a maker, framer; a workman, artisan.
opificina; = officina; q.v.
opilio and upilio -onis, m. shepherd.
opimus -a -um, rich, fruitful, fertile; lucrative; wealthy; sumptuous, abundant, copious; of speech, overloaded; 'spolia opima', spoils taken by a general from the enemy's general in single combat.
opinabilis -e, conjectural.
opinatio -onis, f. supposition, conjecture.
opinator -oris, m. one who supposes or conjectures.
opinatus (1) -a -um, partic. from opinor; q.v.
opinatus (2) -us, m. conjecture, supposition.
opinio -onis, f. opinion, conjecture, supposition; repute, rumor, report.
opiniosus -a -um, set in opinion.
opinor -ari, dep. and opino -are, to be of opinion, suppose, conjecture. Partic. opinatus -a -um, in pass. sense, supposed, fancied.
opiparus -a -um, splendid, rich, sumptuous. Adv. opipare.
opitulor -ari, dep. to help, aid (with dat.).
oportet -tere -tuit, impers. it is proper, one should, one ought.
oppedo -ere, to mock, insult.
opperior -periri -pertus, dep. to wait or wait for.
oppeto -ere -ivi and -ii -itum, to go to meet, encounter; esp. to encounter death, to die.
oppidanus -a -um, of a town; sometimes provincial, 'small-town'; m. pl. as subst. the inhabitants of a town.
oppido, quite, very much; in answers, certainly.
oppidulum -i, n. a little town.
oppidum -i, n. a town; in Britain, a fortified wood.
oppignero -are, to pledge, pawn, give in pledge.
oppilo -are, to stop up, block up.
oppleo -plere -plevi -pletum, to fill up, block.
oppono -ponere -posui -positum, to put opposite or before; to pledge against, mortgage for; to set against, oppose, interpose; to allege as an objection; to contrast. Hence partic. oppositus -a -um, standing against, opposite.
opportunitas -atis, f. convenience, fitness; a fit time, opportunity; advantage.
opportunus -a -um, opportune, fit, suitable, convenient; of time, favor- able; with dat., sometimes, exposed, liable to. Adv. opportune, sea- sonably, conveniently.
oppositio -onis, f. opposing, opposition.
oppositus (1) -a -um, partic. from oppono; q.v.
oppositus (2) -us, m. placing against, opposing, interposition.
oppressio -onis, f. pressing down, oppression; suppression; seizure.
oppressus (1) -us, m. pressing down, pressure.
oppressus (2) -a -um, partic. from opprimo; q.v.
opprimo -primere -pressi -pressum. (1) to press upon, press down; to crush, smother, stamp out. (2) to catch, take by surprise, occupy forcibly.
opprobrium -i, n. reproach, scandal, disgrace; a verbal reproach, taunt; a cause of disgrace.
opprobro -are, to taunt, reproach.
oppugnatio -onis, f. an assault on a town; in gen. an attack.
oppugnator -oris, m. an assailant, attacker.
oppugno -are, to attack, assault.
ops opis, f.: in nom. sing., the goddess of abundance; other cases opem, opis, ope, might, power, esp. power to aid; help, support; plur. opes, resources, means, wealth.
ops-; see obs-.
optabilis -e, desirable, to be wished for.
optatio -onis, f. a wish.
optimas -atis, one of the best, aristocratic; m. pl. as subst. optimates, the aristocratic party, the aristocrats.
optimus; see bonus.
optio (1) -onis, f. choice, option.
optio (2) -onis, m. a helper, assistant.
optivus -a -um, chosen.
opto -are, to choose, select; to wish for, desire. Hence partic. optatus -a -um, wished for, desired, welcome; n. as subst. optatum, a wish; abl. optato, according to one's wish.
opulens -entis; see opulentus.
opulentia -ae, f. wealth, riches, opulence; the power, greatness of a state
opulento -are, to make wealthy, enrich.
opulentus -a -um, also opulens -entis, adj. rich, wealthy; powerful, mighty; splendid, sumptuous; lucrative. Adv. opulente and opulenter, richly, splendidly.
opus -eris, n. work, labor; work done, a finished work; a building; a literary work or a work of art; plur. milit. works, lines, siege- engines. opus est (or sunt), there is work, there is need; one needs, it is necessary (with nom., abl., or genit. of what is needed).
opusculum -i, n. a little work.
ora -ae, f. edge, rim, boundary; esp. coastline, coast; in gen., region, clime, country; the people of a district; a hawser, cable reaching to a shore.
oraculum (oraclum) -i, n. a solemn utterance, oracle, divine response, prophecy; also the place where an oracle is given.
oratio -onis, f. speaking, speech; language, style; esp. a set speech; eloquence; prose; an imperial message.
oratiuncula -ae, f. a little speech, short oration.
orator -oris, m. speaker; spokesman, envoy; orator.
oratorius -a -um, of an orator, oratorical; f. as subst. oratory; adv. oratorie.
oratrix -icis, f. a female suppliant.
oratu, abl. sing. m. by request.
orbator -oris, m. one who deprives another of children or parents.
orbis -is, m. a circle, ring, disk; orbit, coil; 'orbis signifer', the Zodiac; 'orbis lacteus', the Milky Way; 'orbis terrae, terrarum', the world. Transf. rotation, round; of style, roundness.
orbita -ae, f. a wheel rut.
orbitas -atis, f. bereavement, loss of children or parents.
orbo -are, to bereave, deprive of parents or children.
orbus -a -um, deprived of children or parents; as subst. an orphan; in gen. deprived, destitute.
orca -ae, f. a pot or jar with a large belly.
orchas -adis, f. a species of olive.
orchestra -ae, f. the part of a Roman theater reserved for senators; meton. the senate.
Orcus -i, m. Orcus, the infernal regions. Transf. the god of the lower world; death.
ordeum; = hordeum; q.v.
ordinarius -a -um, according to order, regular, ordinary.
ordinatim, in good order, regularly, properly.
ordinatio -onis, f. setting in order, arrangement.
ordino -are, to set in order, settle, arrange, appoint; to govern a country. Hence partic. ordinatus -a -um, arranged, orderly.
ordior ordiri orsus, dep. to begin; esp. to begin speaking. N. pl. of partic. as subst. orsa -orum, beginnings, undertakings; esp. words uttered, speech.
ordo -inis, m. a series, line, row, order; milit. a line, rank, file; 'ordinem ducere', to be a centurion; polit. and socially, an order, rank, class; in gen. order, arrangement; 'ordine', in turn, in due order, regularly; 'extra ordinem', in an unusual, irregular manner.
Oreas -adis, f. a mountain nymph.
Orestes -ae and -is, m. son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, who killed his mother to avenge his father.
orexis -is, f. desire, appetite.
organicus -i, m. a musician.
organum -i, n. an instrument; esp. a musical instrument.
orgia -orum, n. pl. a secret festival; mysteries; orgies.
orichalcum -i, n. yellow copper ore; brass.
oricula; = auricula; q.v.
oriens; see orior.
origo -inis, f. origin, source, beginning; an ancestor.
Orion -onis, m. the constellation Orion. 1
orior oriri ortus, dep. to rise; to spring up, be born, proceed from a source or cause. Hence partic. oriens -entis, rising. M. as subst.the rising sun; the east; the morning.
oriundus -a -um, arising from, springing from.
ornamentum -i, n. equipment, trappings, furniture; ornament, decoration; honor, distinction.
ornatrix -icis, f. a female hairdresser.
ornatus (1) -a -um, partic. from orno; q.v.
ornatus (2) -us, m. dress, attire, equipment; embellishment, ornament.
orno -are, to equip, furnish, fit out; also to adorn, decorate, embellish; to honor, distinguish. Hence partic. ornatus -a -um, furnished, equipped, provided; adorned, decorated, embellished. Adv. ornate, splendidly, elegantly.
ornus -i, f. the mountain ash.
oro -are, to speak; esp. to speak as an orator; with acc., to treat, argue, plead; to beg, pray, entreat, beseech.
Orontes -is and -ae, m. chief river of Syria.
Orpheus -ei and -eos, a mythical minstrel, husband of Euridice.
orsa; see ordior.
orsus -us, m. a beginning, undertaking.
ortus (1) -a -um, partic. from orior; q.v.
ortus (2) -us, m.: of heavenly bodies, rising; of persons, origin, birth. in gen. origin, source.
oryx -ygis, m. a wild goat or gazelle.
oryza -ae, f. rice. 2
os (1) oris, n. (1) the mouth; hence voice, talk; 'uno ore', unani- mously; in gen. mouth, opening, source. (2) the face, countenance; presence, sight; expression; boldness of expression, impudence; a mask.
os (2) ossis, n. a bone.
oscen -inis, m. a bird from whose note auguries were taken (e.g., raven, owl, crow).
Osci -orum, m. an ancient people of Italy.
oscillum -i, n. a little mask.
oscitatio -onis, f. gaping, yawning.
oscito -are, to gape, yawn; partic. oscitans -antis, yawning, sleepy, listless; adv. oscitanter.
osculatio -onis, f. kissing.
osculor -ari, dep. to kiss; to caress, make much of.
osculum -i, n. a little mouth; a kiss.
osor -oris, m. a hater.
Ossa -ae, m. and f. a mountain range in Thessaly.
osseus -a -um, bony.
ossifragus -i, m. and ossifraga -ae, f. the sea eagle, osprey.
ostendo -tendere -tendi -tentum and -tensum, to hold out, show, reveal, present; in speech, to make plain, declare. N. of partic. as subst. ostentum -i, a prodigy, portent.
ostentatio -onis, f. showing, revealing; showing off, display; deceitful show, pretence.
ostentator -oris, m. one who shows; esp. a boaster.
ostento -are, to hold out, present, offer; to show, reveal; to show off, display; in speech, to declare, make known.
ostentui, dat. sing. m. for a show; merely for show; as a sign or proof.
ostentum; see ostendo.
Ostia -ae, f. and Ostia -orum, n. the harbor and port of Rome, at the mouth of the Tiber; adj. Ostiensis -e,
ostiarium -i, n. a door-tax.
ostiatim, from door to door.
ostium -i, n. door; in gen. entrance; 'fluminis', mouth.
ostrea -ae, f. and ostreum -i, n. an oyster.
ostrifer -fera -ferum, producing oysters.
ostrinus -a -um, purple.
ostrum -i, n. purple dye prepared from a shellfish; a purple dress.
Otho -onis, m. a Roman cognomen.
otior -ari, dep. to be at leisure.
otiosus -a -um, at leisure, esp. free from public duties; calm, quiet, undisturbed, neutral. Adv. otiose, at leisure; quietly, easily.
otium -i, n. free time, leisure, ease; peace, repose.
ovans -antis, partic. rejoicing, exulting; esp. celebrating the minor triumph (the ovatio).
ovatio -onis, f. an ovation, a kind of lesser triumph.
Ovidius -a -um, name of a Roman gens; esp. of the poet P. Ovidius Naso, (43 B.C.-17 A.D.).
ovile -is, n. a sheepfold, an enclosure.
ovillus -a -um, of sheep.
ovis -is, f. a sheep.
ovum -i, n. an egg.