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Daci -orum, m. pl. the Dacians, a warlike people on the Lower Danube. Dacia -ae, f. their country.
dactylicus -a -um, dactylic.
dactyliotheca -ae, f. a casket for rings.
dactylus -i, m. a metrical foot, a dactyl.
daedalus -a -um: act., skilful; '(natura) daedala rerum', quaint artificer; pass., curiously wrought, variegated.
Daedalus -i, m. mythical Athenian, builder of the Cretan labyrinth; adj. Daedaleus and Daedalius -a -um.
Dalmatae (Delmatae) -arum, m. pl. the Dalmatians, inhabitants of Dalmatia.
Damascus -i, f. Damascus, capital of Syria; adj. Damascenus -a -um, Damascene; 'pruna', damsons.
damma (older dama) -ae, f. or m. a fallow-deer, chamois, antelope; as meat, venison.
damnatio -onis, f. condemnation.
damnatorius -a -um, condemnatory.
damno -are, to cause loss or injury to; at law, to condemn, sentence, punish (offence usually genit., punishment genit. or abl.); 'damnari inter sicarios', to be condemned as an assassin; in gen., to condemn, disapprove of; of deities, 'damnari voti' or 'voto', to grant a person's wish, and compel him to discharge his vow; also to assign, devote, make over.
damnosus -a -um: act. causing loss or damage, detrimental; pass. damaged, injured; middle sense, self-injuring. Adv. damnose, ruinously.
damnum -i, n. loss, damage, injury; at law, a fine.
Danae -es, f. mother of Perseus.
Danaus -i, m. son of Belus, who left Egypt for Argos; adj. Danaus -a -um, Argive, Greek; m. pl. Danai -orum, the Greeks; Danaides -um, f. the fifty daughters of Danaus.
danista -ae, m. money-lender.
dano; = old form of do; q.v.
Danuvius -i, m. the river Danube.
Daphne -es, f. daughter of Peneus, changed into a laurel tree.
daphnon -onis, m. a grove of laurels.
daps dapis, f. a sacrificial feast, religious banquet; in gen., meal, feast, banquet.
dapsilis -e, sumptuous, plentiful.
Dardani -orum, m. pl. a warlike Illyrian people.
Dardanus -i, m. son of Jupiter, mythical ancestor of the royal family of Troy; adj. Dardanus and Dardanius -a -um, Trojan; subst. Dardania -ae, f. = Troy; Dardanides -ae, m. a male descendant of Dardanus; Dardanis -idis, f. a Trojan woman.
Dareus -i, m. name of several Persian kings.
datio -onis, f. a giving; legal, right of alienation.
dativus -a -um, to do with giving; '(casus) dativus', the dative case.
dato -are, to give away.
dator -oris, m. giver.
Daunus -i, m. a mythical king of Apulia, ancestor of Turnus; adj. Daunius -a -um, Daunian; f. subst. Daunias -adis, Apulia.
de, prep. with abl. (1) in space, down from, away from. Transf., coming from an origin; taken from a class or stock, made from a material, changed from a previous state; of information, from a source. (2) in time, following from, after; in the course of, during. (3) about a subject; on account of a cause; according to a standard.
dea -ae, f. goddess.
dealbo -are, to whitewash, plaster.
deambulo -are, to take a walk.
dearmo -are, to disarm.
debacchor -ari, dep. to rave, revel furiously.
debellator -oris, m. a conqueror.
debello -are: intransit. to fight to the end, finish a war; transit. to fight out a fight; to conquer an enemy.
debeo -ere -ui -itum, to owe. Lit. of money, etc.: n. of perf. partic. pass. as subst., debitum, -i, a debt. Transf., to be indebted to somebody for anything; with infin., to be due to do a thing, be morally bound to or be bound by logic or necessity or law to; to have to pay because of fate, to be destined to give.
debilis -e, feeble, weak.
debilitas -atis, f. weakness, feebleness.
debilitatio -onis, f. weakening, disabling.
debilito -are, to weaken, enfeeble, disable; to enervate, break down.
debitio -onis, f. owing, debt.
debitor -oris, m. one who owes, a debtor.
debitum -i, subst. from debeo; q.v.
decanto -are: transit. to sing or say repeatedly; intransit. to leave off singing.
decedo -cedere -cessi -cessum. (1) to move away, withdraw, retire; milit., to march away. Transf., to retire, give up; with dat., to yield to, retire in favor of, esp. to depart from life, to die. (2) of things, to retire, abate, cease; 'sol decedens', setting. (3) to go astray, deviate.
decem, indecl. ten.
December -bris, adj. of December (originally the tenth Roman month); December (mensis), December.
decempeda -ae, f. a ten-foot ruler.
decempedator -oris, m. a land-surveyor.
decemprimi -orum, m. pl. the ten chief men in the senate of a municipium or colonia.
decemvir -i, m.; usually plur., a board of ten commissioners at Rome for various purposes.
decemviralis -e, relating to the decemvirs.
decemviratus -us, m. the office of decemvir.
decennis -e, of ten years.
decentia -ae, f. propriety, comeliness.
decerno -cernere -crevi -cretum, to decide, determine; to settle that a thing is so; and of action, to decide to do or give a thing; of a body, to decide, decree; as a member of a body, to move, propose; of combatants, to settle by fighting. Hence partic. decretus -a -um; m. as subst. decretum -i, a resolve, decree; philosoph. doctrine, principle.
decerpo -cerpere -cerpsi -cerptum, to pluck off, pluck away. Transf., to gather; to derive; to take away.
decertatio -onis, f. contest.
decerto -are, to contend, fight to a finish.
decessio -onis, f. a withdrawing, departure; esp. of a governor retiring from his province. Transf., deduction, diminution.
decessor -oris, m. one who retires from an office, a predecessor.
decessus -us, m. withdrawal, departure. Esp. the retirement of an official; death; of water, ebb.
decet -ere -uit, it is proper, it is fitting (physically or morally). Hence partic. decens -entis, proper, fit; adv. decenter.
decido (1) -cidere -cidi, to fall down, to fall dead, die; in gen., to sink, fall.
decido (2) -cidere -cidi -cisum, to cut down, cut off; to cut short, to settle, to arrange.
decies and deciens, ten times.
decim-; see also decum-.
decimus (older decumus) -a -um, tenth; decimum, for the tenth time.
decipio -cipere -cepi -ceptum, to catch; hence to cheat, deceive, beguile (esp. of time).
decisio -onis, f. a settlement, decision.
Decius -a -um, name of a Roman gens; adj. Decianus -a -um.
declamatio -onis, f. loud, violent speaking, declamation; practice in oratory, or a theme for such practice.
declamator -oris, m. a declaimer.
declamatorius -a -um, of declamation, rhetorical.
declamito -are, to speak loudly, declaim; esp. to practice speaking in public; 'causas', to plead for practice.
declamo -are, to speak loudly; esp. to practice speaking in public; with object, to declaim.
declaratio -onis, f. making clear, open expression.
declaro -are, to make clear, explain, reveal, declare; of appointments, to proclaim a person as chosen.
declinatio -onis, f. bending away, turning aside. Transf., an avoiding, declining; rhet. a digression; grammat. inflexion, declension.
declino -are: transit., to bend aside, turn away, deflect. Transf., to avoid, shun; intransit., to deviate, swerve, digress.
declivis -e, inclined downwards, sloping; n. as subst. declive -is, a slope, declivity.
declivitas -atis, f. a declivity.
decocta -ae, f. subst. from decoquo; q.v.
decoctor -oris, m. spendthrift, bankrupt.
decollo -are, to behead.
decolo -are, to trickle away.
decolor -oris, off-color, pale.
decoloratio -onis, f. discoloring.
decoloro -are, to discolor.
decoquo -coquere -coxi -coctum, to boil thoroughly; to boil down, boil away; of metals, to melt away; of property, to waste; commerc., to ruin oneself, become bankrupt. Hence partic. decoctus -a -um, boiled down; of style, insipid; f. as subst. a cold drink.
decor -oris, m. grace, comeliness, beauty.
decoro -are, to embellish, beautify, adorn.
decorus -a -um, physically, graceful, beautiful, comely; morally, proper, fit, becoming. N. as subst. decorum -i, propriety, grace. Adv. decore, fitly, becomingly.
decrepitus -a -um, infirm, decrepit.
decresco -crescere -crevi -cretum, to grow down, become smaller, decrease.
decretum -i, subst. from decerno; q.v.
decuma (decima) -ae, f. a tenth part tithe (as an offering, tax, or largesse).
decumanus (decimanus) -a -um, of the tenth.(1) relating to the provincial tax of a tenth; m. as subst. the farmer of such a tax. (2) belonging to the tenth legion; m. pl. as subst. its members. (3) belonging to the tenth cohort.
decumates -ium, pl. adj. relating to tithes.
decumbo -cumbere -cubui, to lie down, fall, fall down.
decumo (decimo) -are, to take a tithe; milit. to decimate troops.
decuria -ae, f. a body of ten men; a class, division, esp. of jurors; a party, club.
decuriatio -onis, f. a dividing into decuriae.
decuriatus -us, m. a dividing into decuriae.
decurio (1) -are, to divide into bodies of ten, or into classes of ten.
decurio (2) -onis, m. head of a body of ten; milit. company commander in the cavalry; polit., a senator of a municipium or colony.
decurro -currere -cucurri or -curri -cursum, to run down, hasten down; milit. to move down or to manoeuvre. Transf., to run in a race; transit. to run through, traverse a set course; to have recourse to, take refuge in; of ships, to sail downstream or to land; of water, to run down.
decursio -onis, f. milit., a manoeuvre or charge.
decursus -us, m. a running down; milit. a manoeuvre, a charge, attack. Transf., the completion of a course; rhet., rhythmical movement.
decurtatus -a -um, mutilated (of style).
decus -oris, n. distinction, honor, glory, grace; moral dignity, virtue; of persons, pride, glory; plur., decora, distinguished acts.
decutio -cutere -cussi -cussum, to shake down, shake off, knock off.
dedecet -decere -decuit, it is unbecoming, unsuitable, unfitting.
dedecoro -are, to dishonor, bring shame upon.
dedecorus -a -um, shameful, dishonorable.
dedecus -oris, n. shame, dishonor, disgrace; a dishonorable action, crime, vice.
dedicatio -onis, f. consecration.
dedico -are, to dedicate, consecrate; to specify, indicate.
dedignor -ari, dep. to think unworthy, scorn, reject.
dedisco -discere -didici, to unlearn, forget.
dediticius -a -um, relating to surrender; m. plur., dediticii, subjects of Rome without rights.
deditio -onis, f. unconditional surrender, capitulation.
dedo dedere -didi -ditum, to give up, surrender esp. of the conquered. Transf., to give up to, dedicate, devote. Hence partic. deditus -a -um, devoted to, addicted to; 'dedita opera', intentionally.
dedoceo -ere, to cause to unlearn, to unteach; teach not to.
dedoleo -dolere -dolui, to make an end of grieving.
deduco -ducere -duxi -ductum, to lead or bring down; in time, from the past, to trace downwards to the present; in amount, to reduce; from an amount, to subtract; in gen., to lead or draw away; to lead forth colonists, to found a colony; to escort a person to a place; of persons and things,to bring out of one state, opinion, etc. into another; in weaving, to draw threads; hence, to draw out, spin out in speech or writing.
deductio -onis, f. a leading down; a reduction; a leading away of colonists, etc..
deerro -are, to wander from the right path, go astray.
defatigatio -onis, f. exhaustion, fatigue.
defatigo -are, to weary, fatigue.
defatiscor; = defetiscor; q.v.
defectio -onis, f. failure. Hence defection, rebellion; weakening, failing, vanishing. Partic. defectus -a -um, failing, deficient.
defector -oris, m. rebel, deserter.
defectus (1) -a -um, part. of deficio; q.v.
defectus (2) -us, m. a failing, disappearance; esp. a failing of light, eclipse.
defendo -fendere -fendi -fensum. (1) to repel, repulse, ward off, drive away (2) to defend, protect; esp. to defend in court; in argument, to maintain a proposition or statement; to sustain a part.
defensio -onis, f. (2) a warding off. (3) defence.
defensito -are, to defend frequently.
defenso -are, to defend vigorously.
defensor -oris, m. (1) one who wards off or averts. (2) a defender, protector esp. in court.
defero -ferre -tuli -latum, to bring down, carry down; in gen., to bring or carry away, esp. to a particular place; 'deferre rationes', to hand in accounts; fig., to offer, hand over, refer; of news, to communicate, report, esp. to authority; legal, 'deferre nomen', to inform against a person, indict; 'deferre crimen', to bring a charge.
defervesco -fervescere -fervi or -ferbui, to cease boiling; of passion, to cease to rage.
defetiscor (defatiscor) -fetisci -fessus, dep. to become tired, grow weary; esp. in perf. partic. defessus -a -um, weary, tired.
deficio -ficere -feci -fectum: intransit. to do less than one might, to fail; hence, to desert, rebel, revolt; of things, to fail, run short; of sun or moon, to become eclipsed; of fire, to go out; of water, to ebb; of strength, etc., to fail, become weak; 'amimo deficere', to lose heart; transit. to abandon, leave, fail; rarely pass. defici, to be failed. Hence partic. defectus -a -um, feeble, esp. because of age.
defigo -figere -fixi -fixum, to fasten down, fix in; in gen., to secure, plant firmly; of sight or thought, to concentrate, fix upon;of persons, to fix, make motionless, with astonishment, etc.: partic. defixus -a -um, astounded; of enchantment, to bind by a spell.
defingo -fingere -finxi, to form, mold.
definio -ire, to limit, bound, mark out; to set limits to a thing, confine; to set as a limit, appoint, assign; to interpret ideas or words in terms of each other, to understand one thing by another; in logic, to define. Hence partic. definitus -a -um, definite, distinct; adv. definite.
definitio -onis, f. limiting, prescribing; in logic, a definition.
definitivus -a -um, definitive, explanatory.
defit (as from defio), fails.
deflagratio -onis, f. burning, destruction by fire.
deflagro -are, to be burnt down, destroyed by fire; in gen., to be destroyed; of passions, to cease burning, abate, cool. Partic. in pass. sense, deflagratus -a -um, burnt down, destroyed.
deflecto -flectere -flexi -flexum: transit. to bend down or aside; intrans. to turn aside, turn away; in speech, to digress.
defleo -flere -flevi -fletum, to bewail, weep for.
defloccatus -a -um, bald.
defloresco -florescere -florui, to shed blossoms, fade, wither.
defluo -fluere -fluxi. (1) to flow down, slip down, descend; abstr., to come down, esp. of the gifts of heaven. (2) to flow away, disappear, be lost.
defodio -fodere -fodi -fossum, to dig down into; to form by digging, excavate; to dig in, cover, bury, conceal.
deformatio -onis, f. deforming, disfiguring; degradation.
deformis -e. (1) deformed, misshapen, ugly, disgusting. Transf., foul, shameful. (2) formless, shapeless. Adv. deformiter, in an ugly fashion.
deformitas -atis, f. deformity, ugliness; disgrace, dishonor.
deformo -are. (1) to form, fashion; to delineate. (2) to put out of shape, disfigure; to disgrace, dishonor.
defraudo (defrudo) -are, to deceive, cheat; 'genium suum', to deprive oneself of pleasure.
defrenatus -a -um, unbridled, unrestrained.
defrico -fricare -fricui -frictum, to rub down; fig. to satirize, lash.
defringo -fringere -fregi -fractum, to break down, break off.
defrutum -i, n. new wine boiled down.
defugio -fugere -fugi: intransit., to flee away; transit., to fly from, avoid.
defundo -fundere -fudi -fusum, to pour down, pour out.
defungor -fungi -functus, dep. to perform, discharge, have done with; '(vita) defungi', to die.
degener -eris, fallen away from one's origin, unworthy of one's race, degenerate, unworthy, ignoble.
degenero -are: intransit. to become unlike one's kind, to fall off, go bad, degenerate; transit. to cause to degenerate, or disgrace by degeneracy.
degero -ere, to carry off.
dego degere degi, to pass time; absol., to live.
degrandinat, impers. it hails violently, or (perhaps) it ceases to hail.
degravo -are, to weigh down, bring down, lower.
degredior -gredi -gressus, dep. to step down, march down.
degusto -are, to take a taste from, taste; of fire, to lick; of a weapon, to graze; in gen., to try, make a trial of, sound.
dehinc, from here, hence; from this time, henceforth; immediately after that
dehisco -ere, to gape, open, split down.
dehonestamentum -i, n. blemish, deformity, disgrace.
dehonesto -are, to dishonor, disgrace.
dehortor -ari, dep. to discourage, dissuade.
deicio -icere -ieci -iectum, to throw, cast, hurl down; with reflex., to rush down; of upright things, to throw to the ground, fell; of persons, to kill, bring down. In gen., to fling away or aside; naut., deici, to be thrown off course; milit., to dislodge;to eject, dispossess; to shift a person from an opinion, attitude; to disappoint. Hence partic. deiectus -a -um, low-lying; dispirited, dejected.
deiectio -onis, f. throwing down; eviction from property.
deiectus (1) -a -um, -partic. from deicio; q.v.
deiectus (2) -us, m. a throwing down; a declivity, steep slope.
deiero -are, to swear.
dein; see deinde.
deinceps, one after the other, successively.
deinde, and abbrev. dein: of space,from that place; of time, thereafter, thereupon, then, afterwards; in enumerations, next, and then.
Deiotarus -i, m. a king of Galatia, defended by Cicero.
deiungo -ere, to disconnect.
delabor -labi -lapsus, dep. to glide down, fall down, sink; of liquids, to flow down. Transf., to sink to, come down to circumstances, etc.; to proceed from, be derived from an origin; to fall unawares among people.
delacero -are, to tear to pieces.
delamentor -ari, dep. to bewail, lament.
delasso -are, to weary, tire out.
delatio -onis, f. reporting, giving information against, denunciation.
delator -oris, m. an informer, denouncer.
delectabilis -e, delightful, pleasant.
delectamentum -i, n. delight, amusement.
delectatio -onis, f. delight, pleasure.
delecto -are, to divert, attract, delight; in pass. with abl., to take delight in; in pass. with infin., to delight in.
delectus -us, m. choosing, choice.
delegatio -onis, f. assignment of a debt.
delego -are, to transfer, commit, assign; to impute, attribute, ascribe.
delenimentum -i, n. what soothes or charms.
delenio (delinio) -ire, to soften down; to soothe or charm.
delenitor -oris, m. one who soothes or cajoles.
deleo -lere -levi -letum, to blot out, efface; in gen., to destroy, annihilate.
deliberabundus -a -um, carefully considering, deliberating.
deliberatio -onis, f. consideration, consultation.
deliberativus -a -um, relating to deliberation.
deliberator -oris, m. one who deliberates.
delibero -are, to weigh carefully, consider, consult about; to ask advice, esp. of an oracle; as a result of deliberation, resolve. Hence partic. deliberatus -a -um, resolved, determined.
delibo -are, to take a little from, to taste; in gen. to extract, derive; to take from so as to enjoy; to take from so as to lessen or spoil.
delibro -are, to peel the bark off.
delibutus -a -um, steeped.
delicatus -a -um, soft, tender; in bad sense, of things, luxurious; of persons, spoilt, effeminate; of tastes, fastidious, dainty, nice. Adv. delicate, luxuriously.
deliciae -arum, f. pl. allurements, charms, delights, fancies; 'esse in deliciis', to be a favorite; concr., darling, sweetheart.
deliciolae -arum, f. pl. a darling.
delictum -i, n. a fault, crime.
deligo (1) -ligere -legi -lectum, to pick, pluck; to choose, select.
deligo (2) -are, to fasten, bind up.
delingo -ere, to lick off, lick up.
delinquo -linquere -liqui -lictum, to fail, be wanting, esp. to fail in duty, commit a crime.
deliquesco -liquescere -licui, to melt, dissolve; to vanish, disappear.
deliquo and delico -are, to clarify; to explain.
deliratio -onis, f. folly, silliness, dotage.
deliro -are, to act crazily, rave.
delirus -a -um, silly, crazy, doting.
delitesco -litescere -litui, to conceal oneself, lie hid, take refuge.
delitigo -are, to scold furiously.
Delos -i, f. a small island in the Aegean Sea, birthplace of Apollo and Diana; adj. Deliacus and Delius -a -um, of Delos; as subst. Delius -i, m. = Apollo; Delia -ae, f. = Diana.
Delphi -orum, m. pl. a town in Phocis, famous for its oracle of Apollo; adj. Delphicus -a -um.
delphinus -i and delphin -inis, m. dolphin.
delubrum -i, n. a shrine, temple.
deluctor -ari, dep. and delucto -are, to wrestle.
deludo -ludere -lusi -lusum, to mock, cheat.
delumbo -are, to lame, enervate, weaken.
demadesco -madescere -madui, to become wet through.
demando -are, to entrust, commit.
demens -entis, out of one's mind, insane, senseless; adv. dementer.
dementia -ae, f. senselessness, insanity; in plur., mad actions.
dementio -ire, to be mad, rave.
demereo -ere and demereor -eri, dep. to earn thoroughly, to deserve well of a person, to oblige.
demergo -mergere -mersi -mersum, to sink, plunge into, dip under; 'aere alieno demersus,' over head and ears in debt.
demetior -metiri -mensus, dep. to measure out; partic. demensus -a -um, in pass. sense, with n. as subst., an allowance.
demeto -metere -messui -messum, to mow, reap, cut down or off.
demigro -are, to emigrate, depart. Transf., to die.
deminuo -minuere -minui -minutum, to take away from, diminish, lessen; 'capite se deminuere', to suffer a loss of civil rights.
deminutio -onis, f. lessening, diminution; 'sui', loss of prestige; 'capitis', loss of civil rights; right of alienation.
demiror -ari, dep. to wonder at.
demissio -onis, f. sinking, lowering; 'animi', dejection.
demitigo -are, to make mild, soft.
demitto -mittere -misi -missum, to send down, lower, put down; 'tunica demissa', hanging loosely; 'demissi capilli', growing long; milit. to lead down; naut., to lower gear, or bring a vessel downstream or to land. Transf., to sink, bury, plunge; of spirits, to lower. Hence partic. demissus -a -um, hanging down;of dress and hair, long, loose; of places, low-lying. Transf., feeble, weak; unassuming, modest; downcast, dispirited. Adv. demisse, low, near the ground. Transf., modestly, humbly, meanly.
demo demere dempsi demptum, to take away, subtract.
Democritus -i, m. a philosopher of Abdera (c. 460-370 B.C.). Hence adj. Democriticus -a -um.
demolior -iri, dep. to throw down, demolish.
demolitio -onis, f. throwing down, demolition.
demonstratio -onis, f. pointing out, indication, explanation, description; rhet., oratory concerned with praise and censure.
demonstrativus -a -um, demonstrative; rhet., of oratory, concerned with praise and censure.
demonstrator -oris, m. one who points out or indicates.
demonstro -are, to indicate, explain, describe.
demorior -mori -mortuus, dep. to die, die off; with acc. of person, to die for love of.
demoror -ari, dep.: intransit., to delay, loiter; transit., to stop, delay, retard.
Demosthenes -is (also -i), the Athenian orator (384-322 B.C.).
demoveo -movere -movi -motum, to move away, remove; 'hominem de sententia', to make a person change his opinion.
demugitus -a -um, filled with the noise of lowing.
demulceo -mulcere -mulsi, to stroke down, caress by stroking.
demum, of time, at length, at last; in enumerations, finally, in short; 'id demum', that and that alone.
demurmuro -are, to murmur or mutter over.
demutatio -onis, f. change, alteration, esp. for the worse.
demuto -are: transit., to change, alter a thing, esp. for the worse; intransit., to change one's mind or become different.
denarius -a -um, containing ten; 'denarius nummus', or 'denarius' alone, a Roman silver coin.
denarro -are, to narrate, tell, relate.
denato -are, to swim down.
denego -are, to deny, say no; to deny, refuse, reject a person.
deni -ae -a, ten by ten, ten at a time, by tens.
denicalis -e, releasing from death; 'feriae', a funeral ceremony.
denique: in time, at last, finally; in enumerations, again, further or finally; in short, in fine.
denomino -are, to name.
denormo -are, to make crooked.
denoto -are, to mark out for another, designate precisely; to take note of.
dens dentis, m. a tooth. Transf., things resembling a tooth, e.g., a mattock or sickle; abstr., of anything biting, sharp, destructive.
denseo -ere, to make thick, condense, press together.
denso -are, to make thick, condense, press together.
densus -a -um, thick, close, dense; in time, frequent; in degree, intense, vehement; in style, of work or author, condensed. Adv. dense, densely; of time, frequently.
dentalia -ium, n. pl. the share-beam of a plow.
dentatus -a -um, provided with teeth, toothed; polished by teeth.
dentio -ire, to cut teeth; of teeth, to grow.
denubo -nubere -nupsi -nuptum, to be married off, to marry (of the woman), esp. beneath her.
denudo -are, to lay bare, uncover, reveal. Transf. to rob, plunder.
denuntiatio -onis, f. announcement, declaration, threat.
denuntio -are, to announce, give notice, declare, threaten; 'bellum denuntiare', to declare war; legal, to give notice, serve a summons.
denuo, anew, again; a second time.
deonero -are, to unload, disburden.
deorsum or deorsus, downwards; 'sursum deorsum', up and down, backwards and forwards.
depaciscor; = depeciscor; q.v.
depactus -a -um, fastened down, firmly fixed.
depasco -pascere -pavi -pastum and depascor -pasci, dep. to feed off; in gen., to eat up, consume, reduce.
depeciscor -pecisci -pectus, dep. to make a bargain for or about; to settle for, accept a condition.
depecto -pectere -pexum, to comb down; in comedy, to beat soundly.
depeculator -oris, m. plunderer, embezzler.
depeculor -ari, dep. to rob, plunder.
depello -pellere -puli -pulsum, to drive down, or away, expel, remove; milit., to dislodge; naut., to drive off course; in gen., to drive away, avert; of persons, to dissuade.
dependeo -ere, to hang down; to depend upon; to be derived from.
dependo -pendere -pendi -pensum, to weigh out and pay over.
deperdo -perdere -perdidi -perditum, to lose, waste, destroy; esp. of the effects of love.
depereo -perire -perii, to perish or be ruined utterly; to be desperately in love.
depilo -are, to strip of hair or feathers.
depingo -pingere -pinxi -pictum, to paint, depict, portray.
deplango -plangere -planxi, to bewail, lament.
deplexus -a -um, clasping.
deploro -are: intransit., to weep bitterly, lament; transit., to lament, bewail; to regard as lost, give up.
depluit -pluere, rains down.
depono -ponere -posui -positum. (1) to lay down, put down; esp. to lay as wager or prize. (2) for safekeeping, to put down, deposit; to commit, entrust. (3) to lay aside, have done with. Hence partic. depositus -a -um.(1)laid out; dying, despaired of, dead. (2) entrusted; n. as subst. a deposit.
depopulatio -onis, f. laying waste, ravaging.
depopulator -oris, m. a ravager.
depopulor -ari, dep.; also depopulo -are, to lay waste, ravage, destroy.
deporto -are, to carry down, carry off, take away; to bring home; to banish for life (with loss of rights and property).
deposco -poscere -poposci, to demand, usually for a purpose, esp. for punishment.
depravatio -onis, f. perverting, distorting; 'animi', depravity.
depravo -are, to make crooked, pervert, disfigure; verbally, to distort, misrepresent; morally, to spoil, corrupt. Adv. from partic., depravate, perversely.
deprecabundus -a -um, earnestly entreating.
deprecatio -onis, f. (1) an attempt to avert by entreaty, deprecation. (2) an entreaty against a person, for his punishment.
deprecator -oris, m. (1) one that begs off, an intercessor. (2) one that pleads for.
deprecor -ari, dep. (1) to try to avert by entreaty, to deprecate; to allege in excuse (so as to avoid punishment). (2) to entreat against a person, to curse. (3) to entreat for, beg for, intercede.
deprehendo and deprendo -endere -endi -ensum, to seize upon, catch hold of; esp. to surprise, catch, detect a person in a crime or fault; to disco- ver, detect, observe a thing.
deprehensio -onis, f. detection.
deprimo -primere -pressi -pressum, to press down, depress; esp. to plant deep in the ground, dig deep; of ships, to sink. Hence partic. depressus -a -um, low-lying.
deproelians -antis, struggling violently.
depromo -promere -prompsi -promptum, to take down, produce, fetch out.
depropero -are: intransit., to hasten; transit., to hasten over, produce in haste.
depudet -pudere -puduit, ceases to be ashamed, loses all sense of shame.
depugno -are, to fight hard, fight it out.
depulsio -onis, f. driving away; rhet. defence.
depulsor -oris, m. an averter.
deputo -are. (1) to prune, cut off. (2) to count, estimate.
deque; see susque deque.
derelinquo -linquere -liqui -lictum, to forsake, desert, abandon.
derepo -repere -repsi, to creep, crawl down.
derideo -ridere -risi -risum, to laugh at, mock, deride.
deridiculus -a -um, very laughable; n. as subst. ridicule; 'esse deridiculo', to be an object of ridicule.
derigo -rigere -rexi -rectum, to set straight, direct; of placing (also in form dirigo), to order, dispose; milit. to draw up; Transf., to direct, aim, guide abstract things.
derigui, perf., grew quite still.
deripio -ripere -ripui -reptum, to tear down, snatch away.
derisor -oris, m. a mocker.
derisus -us, m. mockery, derision.
derivatio -onis, f. turning away or diversion of water.
derivo -are, to turn into another channel, divert.
derogo -are, to modify into a law; in gen. to diminish, detract from.
derosus -a -um, gnawed away.
deruncino -are, to cheat, fleece.
deruo -ruere -rui -rutum, to cast down, make to fall.
deruptus -a -um, broken off; hence precipitous, steep; n. pl. as subst. precipices.
desaevio -ire -ii -itum, to rage violently.
descendo -scendere -scendi -scensum, to climb down, come down, descend; milit., to march down; of things, to sink, pierce, penetrate; of mountains, to slope down; of the voice, to sink. Transf., of per- sons, to lower oneself, stoop; of things, to sink in, penetrate.
descensio -onis, f. going down, descent; 'Tiberina', voyage down the Tiber.
descensus -us, m. going down, descent; way down.
descisco -sciscere -scivi or -scii -scitum, to break away, revolt, withdraw, diverge.
describo -scribere -scripsi -scriptum. (1) to transcribe, copy. (2) to describe, delineate, represent, portray.
descriptio -onis, f. (1) a copy. (2) a representation, description, figure.
deseco -secare -secui -sectum, to hew off, cut off.
desero -serere -serui -sertum, to forsake, abandon, leave; to neglect, disregard. Hence partic. desertus -a -um, forsaken, abandoned; n. pl. as subst., deserts, wildernesses.
desertor -oris, m. one who forsakes; milit., deserter.
deservio -ire, to serve zealously, be a slave to.
deses -sidis, m. (nom. sing. not found), idle, lazy, inactive.
desideo -sidere -sedi -sessum, to sit idle, be slothful.
desiderabilis -e, desirable.
desideratio -onis, f. desire, longing.
desiderium -i, n. desire or longing, grief for the absence or loss of a person or thing; in gen., a desire or request.
desidero -are, to long for what is absent or lost, to wish for; to miss, find a lack of; milit., to lose.
desidia -ae, f. idleness, inactivity, apathy.
desidiosus -a -um, slothful, idle, lazy; adv. desidiose.
desido -sidere -sedi, to sink down, subside, settle. Transf., to deteriorate.
designatio -onis, f. marking out, designation; appointment to an office.
designator -oris, m. = dissignator; q.v.
designo -are, to mark out, trace, plan; in gen., to point out, indicate, signify; to portray, delineate; polit., to nominate, elect; partic. designatus -a -um, elected, designated.
desilio -silire -silui -sultum, to leap down; 'ad pedes', to dismount.
desino -sinere -sii -situm: transit., to cease, desist from; intransit., to cease, stop, end; with in and acc., to end in.
desipientia -ae, f. foolishness.
desipio -sipere, to be foolish, act foolishly.
desisto -sistere -stiti -stitum, to stand away; from a person, to withdraw; from action, etc., to desist, leave off, cease.
desolo -are, to leave solitary, forsake.
despecto -are, to regard from above, look down upon; to despise.
despectus (1) -a -um, partic. from despicio; q.v.
despectus (2) -us, m. a looking down, downward view; an object of contempt.
desperatio -onis, f. hopelessness, despair.
despero -are: intransit., to be without hope, despair; transit., to despair of, give up. Adv. from pres. partic. desperanter, despairingly, hopelessly. Perf. partic. desperatus -a -um; in pass. sense, despaired of; in middle sense, desperate.
despicatio -onis, f. contempt.
despicatus -us, m. contempt.
despicientia -ae, f. looking down upon; contempt.
despicio -spicere -spexi -spectum, to look down, regard from above; to look down upon, despise. Pres. partic. act. despiciens, contemptuous. Perf. partic. pass. despectus -a -um, despised, contemptible.
despicor -ari, to look down upon, despise. Perf. partic. in pass. sense, despicatus -a -um, despised, contemptible.
despolio -are, to plunder, despoil.
despondeo -spondere -spondi -sponsum, to pledge, to promise, esp. to promise in marriage, betroth; in gen. to pledge, devote; with animum or animos, to lose heart, despair.
despumo -are (1) to skim off. Transf. to digest. (2) to drop foam.
despuo -spuere, to spit down, spit on the ground. Transf. to reject.
desquamo -are, to take off the scales, to scale.
desterto -stertere -stertui, to finish snoring or dreaming.
destillo -are, to drip down, distill.
destinatio -onis, f. fixing, determining, appointment.
destino -are, to make fast, fix down; to fix, determine, settle, appoint; with infin., to resolve to do; of persons, to appoint to an office; of things, to fix upon, intend to buy. Hence partic. destinatus -a -um, fixed, determined; n. as subst., an objective or intention; '(ex) destinato', intentionally.
destituo -stituere -stitui -stitutum, to set down, place; esp. to leave in the lurch, forsake, desert.
destitutio -onis, f. forsaking, abandoning.
destringo -stringere -strinxi -strictum. (1) to strip; esp. to draw or bare a sword. Transf., to satirize, censure. (2) to touch lightly, graze. Hence partic. destrictus -a -um, severe.
destruo -struere -struxi -structum, to pull down, dismantle, destroy, ruin.
desubito (or de subito), suddenly.
desudo -are, to sweat violently, exert oneself hard.
desuefio -fieri -factus sum, pass., to made unaccustomed.
desuesco -suescere -suevi -suetum, to become unaccustomed; esp. partic. desuetus -a -um; in pass. sense, disused; in middle sense, unaccus- tomed, unused to.
desuetudo -inis, f. disuse.
desultor -oris, m. a leaper, acrobat. Transf. an inconstant person.
desultorius -a -um, relating to a 'desultor'.
desum -esse -fui, to be down, fall short, fail, be missing or remiss.
desumo -sumere -sumpsi -sumptum, to take out, choose, select.
desuper, from above.
desurgo -surgere -surrexi -surrectum, to rise and go down or out.
detego -tegere -texi -tectum, to uncover, lay bare, disclose.
detendo -tendere -tensum, to unstretch; 'tabernacula', to strike tents.
detergeo -tergere -tersi -tersum. (1) to wipe off, clear away, brush off. (2) to cleanse by wiping.
deterior -ius, genit. -oris, compar. (superl. deterrimus) lower, inferior, poorer, worse. Adv. deterius, worse.
determinatio -onis, f. boundary, end.
determino -are, to bound, fix the limits of, determine.
detero -terere -trivi -tritum, to rub away, wear out; to detract from, weaken.
deterreo -terrere -terrui -territum, to frighten off, deter, discourage.
detestabilis -e, abominable, horrible.
detestatio -onis, f. (1) a cursing, execration.(2) a warding off, averting.
detestor -ari, dep. (1) to pray against; to pray for deliverance from a person or thing, or to curse, execrate. (2) of the gods' action, to avert, remove.
detexo -texere -texui -textum, to make by plaiting; to finish, complete.
detineo -tinere -tinui -tentum, to hold back, detain; to prevent; to engage, occupy exclusively.
detondeo -tondere -totondi and -tondi -tonsum, to shear, clip.
detono -tonare -tonui, to cease to thunder or rage.
detorqueo -torquere -torsi -tortum. (1) to turn away, bend aside. (2) to twist out of shape, distort.
detractio -onis, f. drawing off, withdrawal, taking away; rhet., ellipsis.
detracto; = detrecto; q.v.
detractor -oris, m. detractor, disparager.
detraho -trahere -traxi -tractum. (1) to draw down, drag down; to lower, humiliate. (2) to draw off, drag away, remove; numerically, to subtract; in speech, to detract from a person, disparage, slander.
detrectatio -onis, f. refusal.
detrectator -oris, m. disparager, detractor.
detrecto -are. (1) to decline, refuse, shirk. (2) to disparage, detract from, depreciate.
detrimentosus -a -um, detrimental, hurtful.
detrimentum -i, n. loss, damage, injury; milit., loss, defeat.
detritus -a -um, partic. from detero; q.v.
detrudo -trudere -trusi -trusum, to push down, thrust down; milit., to dislodge; legal, to dispossess, eject. Transf., of persons, to force, compel; of functions, to put off, postpone.
detrunco -are, to lop or cut off; to mutilate.
deturbo -are, to force away, dash down; milit., to dislodge; legal, to eject, dispossess.
Deucalion -onis, m. son of Prometheus, saved in an ark from a great flood, with his wife Pyrrha.
deunx -uncis, m. eleven-twelfths of a unit.
deuro -urere -ussi -ustum, to burn down; of cold, to destroy, nip.
deus -i, m. a god, deity; 'di meliora (ferant)', God forbid.
devasto -are, to lay waste, devastate.
deveho -vehere -vexi -vectum, to carry away or down; pass. devehi (sc.navi) to sail.
devello -vellere -velli -vulsum, to pluck, tear away.
develo -are, to unveil, uncover.
deveneror -ari, dep. (1) to worship, revere.(2) to avert by prayers.
devenio -venire -veni -ventum, to come to, arrive at, reach.
deverbero -are, to thrash soundly.
deversor (1) -ari, dep. to lodge as a guest.
deversor (2) -oris, m. a guest.
deversoriolum -i, n. a small lodging.
deversorius -a -um, fit to lodge in; n. as subst. an inn, lodging, refuge.
deverticulum (devort-) -i, n. (1) a by-way, by-path; hence digression. (2) an inn, lodging, refuge, resort.
deverto (devorto) -vertere -verti -versum, to turn aside; esp. to turn aside to a lodging to put up at, stay with. Transf., to digress.
devexus -a -um, moving downwards, descending, sinking; of position, sloping down, shelving, steep; of tendency, inclining to.
devincio -vincire -vinxi -vinctum, to bind, tie fast, attach, connect. Hence partic. devinctus -a -um, attached, devoted.
devinco -vincere -vici -victum, to conquer thoroughly, subjugate, overcome.
devitatio -onis, f. avoiding.
devito -are, to avoid.
devius -a -um, off the beaten track, out of the way, solitary, retired in mind, erroneous, unreasonable.
devoco -are, to call down or away; 'devocare in dubium', to bring into danger.
devolo -are, to fly down, hasten down.
devolvo -volvere -volvi -volutum, to roll down; pass., to roll down, fall headlong, sink back.
devoro -are, to swallow, devour, seize upon; of words, to articulate badly, mispronounce; of property, to consume, waste; of disagreeable things, to swallow, accept, put up with.
devorticulum; see deverticulum.
devortium -i, n. a by-way, by-path.
devotio -onis, f. (1) consecrating, devoting. (2) cursing. (3) en- chantment, incantation.
devoto -are, to consecrate or devote to death.
devoveo -vovere -vovi -votum, to consecrate, devote esp. to a god, or to death; to curse, execrate; to bewitch, enchant; in gen., to devote, give up. Hence partic. devotus -a -um, devoted; accursed; attached to a person; m. pl. as subst. faithful followers.
dextella -ae, f. a little right hand.
dexter -tera -terum, or -tra -trum; compar. dexterior -ius, superl. dextimus -a -um; right, on the right hand, on the right side.Transf. dexterous, skillful; propitious, favorable, opportune. F. as subst. dextera or dextra, the right hand;'(a) dextra', on the right; esp. the right hand as a pledge of faith; sometimes, in gen., the hand. Adv. dextere or dex- tre, compar. dexterius; dexterously, skillfully.
dexteritas -atis, f. skillfulness, readiness.
dextrorsum and dextrorsus, on the right, towards the right.
Dia -ae, f. mother of Mercury.
diadema -atis, m. a royal headband, diadem.
diaeta -ae, f. (1) a way of living prescribed by a physician, regimen, diet. (2) a living room.
dialecticus -a -um, of discussion, dialectical; m. as subst., dialecticus -i, a dialectician, logician; f. dialectica -ae, and dialectice -es, the art of dialectic, logic; n. pl. dialectica -orum, dialectical discussion; adv. dialectice, dialectically.
dialis -e, relating to Jupiter; '(flamen) dialis', the priest of Jupiter.
dialogus -i, m. a philosophical conversation.
Diana -ae, f. the virgin goddess of the moon and hunting; adj. Dianius -a -um, belonging to Diana.
diaria -orum, n. pl. a day's allowance of food or pay.
dibaphus -a -um, double-dyed; as f. subst. dibaphus -i, the purple- striped robe of the higher magistrates in Rome.
dica -ae, f. law-suit, action in a Greek court.
dicacitas -atis, f. wit, satire, raillery.
dicatio -onis, f. settling as a citizen in another state.
dicax -acis, ready of speech; witty, satirical, sarcastic.
dichoreus -i, m. a double trochee.
dicio -onis, f. power, sovereignty, authority.
dicis (genit.); 'dicis causa, dicis gratia', for form's sake, for the sake of appearances.
dico (1) -are, to consecrate, dedicate, devote to the gods; to deify, place among the gods; to inaugurate. Transf., to devote, give up, set apart; 'se civitati', or 'in civitatem', to become a citizen.
dico (2) dicere dixi dictum, to indicate; to appoint; most commonly, to say, speak, tell, mention; in pass. with infin., to be said to; imper- sonally, dicitur, it is said that;of ideas,to express, put into words; 'ius', to administer law, give rulings; of persons or things, to men- tion, speak of, tell of, relate; to name, call; to mean, refer to. N. of partic. as subst. dictum -i, a word, saying, speech; a witty saying, a bon mot; a prediction; an order, command.
dicrotum -i, n. a vessel with two banks of oars.
dictamnus -i, f. dittany, a plant.
dictator -oris, m. a dictator; in Rome, an extraordinary magistrate, elected in emergency and granted absolute power; elsewhere, a chief magistrate.
dictatorius -a -um, belonging to a dictator, dictatorial.
dictatura -ae, f. the office of dictator, dictatorship.
dictio -onis, f. saying, speaking, talk, oratory.
dictito -are, to say often, reiterate, assert repeatedly; 'dictitare causas', to plead frequently.
dicto -are, to say often; to say over, dictate a thing to be written; hence to get written down.
dictum -i, n. subst. from dico (2); q.v.
Dido -us, f. the founder of Carthage, also called Elisa or Elissa.
dido didere dididi diditum, to divide, distribute, spread round.
diduco -ducere -duxi -ductum, to draw apart, separate; milit., to divide, distribute, also to scatter, disperse.
diecula -ae, f. a little day, a short time.
dierectus -a -um, an abusive expression, like go and be hanged!.
dies -ei, m. or f. daytime, day; a day, period of twenty-four hours; 'diem ex die', from day to day; 'in dies', daily, esp. of a continuing pro- cess of change; 'in diem vivere', to live for the day; meton., the bus- iness or events of the day; in gen., time. Esp. a particular day, fixed date; a historic day; day of death; anniversary, esp. birthday.
Diespiter -tris, m. a name for Jupiter.
diffamo -are, to spread evil reports about, to defame.
differentia -ae, f. difference, distinction.
differitas -atis, f. difference.
differo differre distuli dilatum. Transit., to carry in different directions, spread abroad, scatter; to spread news; to harass, disturb, discredit a per- son; in time, to delay, postpone business, to put off persons. Intrans. to differ, be different; 'nihil differt', there is no difference.
differtus -a -um, stuffed full, crammed.
difficilis -e, difficult; of character, hard to deal with, morose, obstinate. Adv. difficiliter and difficulter, with difficulty.
difficultas -atis, f. difficulty, need, trouble, distress; of character, obstinacy, moroseness.
diffidentia -ae, f. want of confidence, distrust, despair.
diffido -fidere -fisus sum, to have no confidence, mistrust, despair; partic. diffidens -entis, distrustful, diffident; adv. diffidenter.
diffindo -findere -fidi -fissum, to split, cleave, open; legal, 'diem', to postpone business.
diffingo -ere, to form again, forge anew; fig., to change.
diffiteor -eri, dep. to deny, disavow.
difflo -are, to blow apart.
diffluo -fluere -fluxi -fluxum, to flow in different directions, to dissolve, melt away.
diffringo -fringere -fractum, to shatter.
diffugio -fugere -fugi -fugitum,to fly in different directions,to disperse.
diffugium -i, n. dispersion.
diffundito -are, to scatter.
diffundo -fundere -fudi -fusum, to pour in different directions, to spread out, diffuse, extend; esp. to make relax, brighten up, gladden. Hence partic. diffusus -a -um, spread out, extensive, wide; adv. diffuse, copiously, diffusely.
diffusilis -e, capable of spreading, elastic.
digero -gerere -gessi -gestum, to carry in different directions, to separate, spread; esp. in orderly fashion, to arrange.
digestio -onis, f. arrangement, distribution.
digestus -a -um, partic. from digero; q.v.
digitulus -i, m. a little finger; the touch of a finger.
digitus -i, m. (1) a finger; 'digitus pollex', the thumb; 'index', the forefinger; as a measure, a finger's breadth, an inch. (2) a toe.
digladior -ari, dep. to flourish the sword; to fight, struggle fiercely; in words, to dispute.
dignatio -onis, f. esteem; dignity, reputation, honor.
dignitas -atis, f. worth, worthiness, merit. Transf., dignified appear- ance or style; dignified position, esteem, honor; esp. official rank; plur. dignitates, persons of rank.
digno -are, and dignor -ari, dep. to consider worthy; with infinit., to deign to.
dignosco (dinosco) -noscere -novi, to recognize as different,to distinguish.
dignus -a -um. (1) worthy, deserving; esp. of persons, usually with abl. or genit. (2) of things, worth having, deserved, suitable, fitting; 'dignum est', foll. by infin. it is proper. Adv. digne.
digredior -gredi -gressus, dep. to go apart, depart, deviate; in speech, to digress.
digressio -onis, f. separation, departure; in speech, digression.
digressus -us, m. separation, departure; in speech, digression.
diiudicatio -onis, f. judging, decision.
diiudico -are. (1) to judge between parties, to decide, determine. (2) to distinguish, find a difference between.
diiun-; see disiun-.
dilabor -labi -lapsus, dep. to glide apart; of solids, to fall to pieces, fall down, melt, dissolve; of liquids, gases, etc., to flow apart, run away; of persons in groups, to break up, slip away; in gen., to break up, vanish; of time, to go by.
dilacero -are, to tear to pieces.
dilamino -are, to split in two.
dilanio -are, to tear in pieces.
dilapido -are, to demolish.
dilargior -iri, dep. to hand round, give liberally.
dilatio -onis, f. putting off, postponing.
dilato -are, to spread out, extend;'litteras', to pronounce broadly.
dilator -oris, m. a dilatory person, loiterer.
dilatus, partic. from differo; q.v.
dilaudo -are, to praise highly.
dilectus (1) -a -um, partic. from diligo; q.v.
dilectus (2) -us, m.: in gen., choosing, choice, selection; milit., a levy, recruiting of troops, conscription; meton., troops so raised.
diligens -entis, partic. from diligo; q.v.
diligentia -ae, f. carefulness, attentiveness, accuracy; esp. care in management, economy.
diligo -ligere -lexi -lectum, to choose out; to prize, love, esteem highly. Hence pres. partic. diligens -entis, attentive, careful; esp. careful in housekeeping, economical, saving; adv. diligenter, attentively, care- fully.
dilorico -are, to tear open.
diluceo -ere, to be clear, evident.
dilucesco -lucescere -luxi, to grow light, become day; to become clear.
dilucidus -a -um, clear, lucid, plain; adv. dilucide.
diluculum -i, n. the break of day, dawn.
diludium -i, n. an interval, breathing-space.
diluo -luere -lui -lutum. (1) to wash apart, separate, dissolve; of troubles, to remove, resolve; of puzzles, to clear up. (2) to dilute, temper; to weaken, lessen, impair.
diluvies -ei, f. washing away, inundation.
diluvio -are, to flood, inundate.
diluvium -i, n. flood, deluge, inundation.
dimano -are, to flow in different directions, spread abroad.
dimensio -onis, f. measuring.
dimetior -metiri -mensus, dep. to measure out.
dimeto -are and dep. dimetor -ari, to measure out.
dimicatio -onis, f. a fight, struggle, battle.
dimico -are, to brandish weapons; hence to fight, contend, struggle.
dimidiatus -a -um, halved, divided, half.
dimidius -a -um, halved, divided in half; 'dimidia pars', half. N. as subst. dimidium -i, half; 'dimidio minus', less by half.
diminutio; see deminutio.
dimissio -onis, f. (1) a sending out. (2) a dismissing, discharging.
dimitto -mittere -misi -missum. (1) to send forth, send in different direc- tions; without object, to send (word) round. (2) to send away, let go, let fall; milit., to disband or to detach; of a gathering, to break up, dismiss; of places, to give up, leave; of abstr. things, to give up, renounce, abandon.
dimminuo -ere, to dash to pieces.
dimoveo -movere -movi -motum. (1) to move asunder, part, divide. (2) to separate, remove, take away.
dinosco; = dignosco; q.v.
dinumeratio -onis, f. enumeration.
dinumero -are, to count, esp. to count money, to pay.
dioecesis -eos and is, f. a district under a governor.
dioecetes -ae, m. a revenue official or treasurer.
Diomedes -is, m. (1) a hero of the Trojan War, son of Tydeus. (2) king of the Bistones in Thrace.
Dione -es, and Diona -ae, f. (1) the mother of Venus; (2) Venus. Adj. Dionaeus -a -um.
Dionysus (-os) -i, m. the Greek name of Bacchus. Hence Dionysia -orum, n. pl. the feast of Dionysus. 3
diota -ae, f. a two-handled wine jar.
diploma -atis, m. (1) a letter of introduction given to travellers. (2) a government document conferring privileges.
diremptus -us, m. a separation.
direptio -onis, f. plundering, pillaging.
direptor -oris, m. plunderer, pillager.
diribeo -ere -itum, to sort tablets when taken out of the ballot box.
diribitio -onis, f. sorting of voting tablets.
diribitor -oris, m. the officer who sorted voting tablets.
dirigo -rigere -rexi -rectum, to arrange, direct. Hence partic. directus -a -um, straight, direct; straightforward, plain, simple. Abl. as adv. directo and adv. directe, straight, directly. See also derigo.
dirimo -imere -emi -emptum, to part, separate, divide. Transf., to break off, interrupt, stop temporarily or permanently.
diripio -ripere -ripui -reptum, to snatch apart, tear to pieces; of spoil, to divide. hence, milit., to pillage, lay waste; to tear away.
diritas -atis, f. misfortune, disaster; cruelty, fierceness.
dirumpo -rumpere -rupi -ruptum, to break apart or to pieces, shatter; of friendships, etc., to sever, break up; in pass., dirumpi, to burst with envy, grief, anger.
diruo -ruere -ui -utum, to pull apart, demolish, destroy, break up; financially, to ruin.
dirus -a -um, fearful, horrible, frightful, cruel. N. pl. dira -orum, and f. pl. dirae -arum, as subst., unlucky omens, curses; Dirae -arum, a name for the Furies.
Dis Ditis, m. a name of Pluto, god of the Lower World.
dis ditis (contracted from dives), rich; having or containing or bringing wealth.
discedo -cedere -cessi -cessum. (1) to go asunder, part, separate. (2) to depart, go away; milit., to march away; 'discedere ab signis', to break the ranks; 'ab armis', to lay down arms; to come out of a contest, to come off; in gen., to depart, pass away; to deviate, swerve, digress; polit., of the senate, 'in sententiam discedere', to support a resolution.
disceptatio -onis, f. debate, discussion, controversy.
disceptator -oris, m. an arbitrator.
disceptatrix -tricis, f. an arbitrator.
discepto -are. (1) to decide, settle, determine. (2) to dispute, debate, discuss.
discerno -cernere -crevi -cretum, to sever, separate, set apart. Transf., to distinguish, discern.
discerpo -cerpere -cerpsi -cerptum, to pluck to pieces, dismember.
discessio -onis, f. (1) going separate ways, separation; polit., in voting, a division in the senate. (2) a going away, departure.
discessus -us, m. (1) parting, separation. (2) departure, going away; milit., marching off; banishment.
discidium -i, n. tearing apart; separation, division; separation in feelings, disagreement.
discido -ere, to cut in pieces.
discindo -ere -scidi -scissum, to cleave asunder, split.
discingo -cingere -cinxi -cinctum, to take off the girdle, ungird. Partic. discinctus -a -um, ungirt; at ease, careless, dissolute.
disciplina -ae, f. instruction, teaching; training, education; esp. mili- tary training. Transf., results of training, discipline, ordered way of life; that which is taught, learning, body of knowledge, science; a rhetori- cal or philosophical school or system.
discipula -ae, f. a female pupil.
discipulus -i, m. a pupil, apprentice.
discludo -cludere -clusi -clusum, to shut away, separate, divide.
disco discere didici, to learn, get to know; 'discere fidibus', to learn to play on the lyre; in gen., to receive information, find out; to become acquainted with, learn to recognize.
discolor -oris, of different colors; in gen., different.
disconvenio -ire, to disagree, not to harmonize.
discordabilis -e, disagreeing.
discordia -ae, f. dissension, disagreement; milit., mutiny, sedition.
discordiosus -a -um, full of discord, mutinous.
discordo -are, to be at discord, disagree, be opposed; milit., to be mutinous.
discors -cordis, disagreeing, inharmonious, opposed, different.
discrepantia -ae, f. disagreement, difference.
discrepatio -onis, f. disagreement, disunion.
discrepito -are, to be quite unlike.
discrepo -are -ui, to differ in sound, be discordant; to disagree, be different; 'res discrepat', or impers., 'discrepat', people are not agreed; with acc. and infin., it is inconsistent that.
discribo -scribere -scripsi -scriptum, to mark out, arrange, classify, define; to allot, fix, appoint. Hence partic. discriptus -a -um, classified, arranged; adv. discripte.
discrimen -inis, n. (1) dividing line, distinction, difference, interval. (2) turning-point, critical moment; crisis, hazard, danger.
discrimino -are, to separate, sunder, divide.
discriptio -onis, f. an arrangement, definition, distribution.
discrucio -are, to torture, torment, esp. mentally.
discumbo -cumbere -cubui -cubitum, (1) to recline at table. (2) to go to bed.
discupio -cupere (colloq.), to long.
discurro -currere -cucurri and -curri -cursum, to run about, run to and fro.
discursus -us, m. a running about, running to and fro.
discus -i, m. a discus.
discutio -cutere -cussi -cussum, to shatter. Transf., to disperse, scatter, break up.
disertus -a -um, eloquent, expressive; adv. diserte and disertim.
disicio disicere disieci disiectum, to throw in different directions, cast asunder; of buildings, etc., to throw down; of military formations, to break up, disperse; of abstract things, to break up, frustrate.
disiecto -are, to toss about.
disiectus (1) -a -um, partic. from disicio; q.v.
disiectus (2) -us, m. scattering, dispersing.
disiunctio -onis, f. separation, estrangement; in logic, a disjunctive proposition.
disiungo (diiungo) -iungere -iunxi -iunctum, to unbind, loosen, separate, remove, distinguish. Hence partic. disiunctus -a -um, separated, apart, distant, remote; of speech, disconnected; in logic, disjunctive. Compar. adv. dis- iunctius, rather in disjunctive fashion.
dispando -pandere -pandi -pansum or -pessum, to expand, stretch out.
dispar -paris, unlike, dissimilar, unequal.
disparilis -e, unlike, dissimilar, unequal.
disparo -are, to separate, part, divide; n. of partic. as subst., disparatum -i, rhet. the contradictory proposition.
dispartio; = dispertio; q.v.
dispello -pellere -puli -pulsum, to drive in different directions, scatter.
dispendium -i, n. expenditure, expense, loss.
dispenno; = dispando; q.v.
dispensatio -onis, f. weighing out; management, administration; the office of a treasurer.
dispensator -oris, m. steward, bailiff, treasurer.
dispenso -are, to weigh out or pay out; in gen., to distribute, to arrange.
disperdo -dere -didi -ditum, to squander, ruin, spoil.
dispereo -ire -ii, to perish utterly, be squandered, ruined.
dispergo -spergere -spersi -spersum, to scatter, disperse. Adv. from perf. partic. disperse, dispersedly, here and there.
dispertio -ire, and dep. dispertior -iri, to separate, divide, distribute.
dispicio -spicere -spexi -spectum, to see clearly, esp. by an effort; to make out, discern, perceive; to reflect upon, consider.
displiceo -ere, to displease; 'displicere sibi'to be dissatisfied with oneself, be out of spirits.
displodo -plodere -plosi -plosum, to burst noisily.
dispono -ponere -posui -positum, to put in different places, to distribute, put in order; milit., to station at intervals. Hence partic. dispositus -a -um, arranged, orderly; adv. disposite, in order, methodically.
dispositio -onis, f. regular arrangement or order in a speech.
dispositu, abl. sing. m., in or by arranging.
dispositura -ae, f. arrangement, order.
dispudet -ere -uit, it is a great shame.
disputatio -onis, f. arguing, debating.
disputator -oris, m. debater, disputant.
disputo -are, to reckon up; to debate, discuss, argue.
disquiro -ere, to inquire into, investigate.
disquisitio -onis, f. inquiry, investigation.
dissaepio -saepire -saepsi -saeptum, to hedge off, separate, divide; n. of perf. partic. as subst. dissaeptum -i, barrier, partition.
disseco -secare -secui -sectum, to cut up.
dissemino -are, to spread abroad, disseminate.
dissensio -onis, f. difference in feeling or opinion; disagreement, variance, conflict, opposition.
dissensus -us, m. disunion, disagreement.
dissentaneus -a -um, disagreeing, different.
dissentio -sentire -sensi -sensum, to be of different feeling or opinion, to be opposed, not to agree.
disserenat -are, impers., it is clearing up all round, of the weather.
dissero (1) -serere -sevi -situm, to scatter seed, sow; to spread.
dissero (2) -serere -serui -sertum to set in order; hence to examine, treat of, discuss.
disserpo -ere, to creep about, spread.
dissertio -onis, f. a severance.
disserto -are, to treat of, discuss, argue.
dissideo -sidere -sedi -sessum, to sit apart, be distant, disagree, be opposed; of clothes, to sit unevenly.
dissido -sidere -sedi, to fall apart, disagree.
dissignatio -onis, f. arrangement.
dissignator -oris, m. one that arranges, a supervisor.
dissigno -are, to arrange, regulate, manage.
dissilio -silire -silui, to leap apart, break asunder.
dissimilis -e, unlike, dissimilar; adv. dissimiliter, differently.
dissimilitudo -inis, f. unlikeness, difference.
dissimulatio -onis, f. a concealing, dissembling, esp. of irony.
dissimulator -oris, m. dissembler, concealer.
dissimulo -are. (1) to dissemble, disguise, keep secret; pass. with middle force, 'dissimulata deam', concealing her divinity.(2) to ignore, leave unnoticed.Adv. from pres. partic. dissimulanter,in a dissembling manner.
dissipabilis -e, that can be scattered.
dissipatio -onis, f. scattering.
dissipo or dissupo -are, to scatter, disperse; milit., to break up, rout; to break up, destroy, squander. Hence partic. dissipatus -a -um, disconnected.
dissitus, partic. from dissero; q.v.
dissociabilis -e: act., separating; pass. unable to be united.
dissociatio -onis, f. separation, parting.
dissocio -are, to separate, sever, divide; in feeling, to estrange.
dissolubilis -e, dissoluble, separable.
dissolutio -onis, f. breaking up, dissolution, destruction ; 'naturae', death; 'navigii', shipwreck; 'criminum', refutation; rhet., want of connection.
dissolvo -solvere -solvi -solutum, to loosen, break up, undo, destroy; 'glaciem', to melt; 'animam', to die; 'criminationem', to refute; of debts, to pay, discharge; to release a person from difficulties, to unravel, explain a difficulty. Hence partic. dissolutus -a -um, loose; 'navigium', leaky; of style, disconnected; of character, wanting in energy, lax; pro- fligate, dissolute. Adv. dissolute, disconnectedly, loosely; care- lessly, negligently, without energy.
dissonus -a -um, discordant, different, disagreeing.
dissors -sortis, having a different lot or fate.
dissuadeo -suadere -suasi -suasum, to advise against, oppose by argument.
dissuasio -onis, f. advising to the contrary, one who speaks against.
dissuasor -oris, m. one who advises to the contrary, one who speaks against.
dissulto -are, to leap apart, burst asunder.
dissuo -suere -sui -sutum, to unstitch, undo.
distaedet -ere, causes boredom or disgust.
distantia -ae, f. distance, difference, diversity.
distendo (distenno) -tendere -tendi -tentum, to stretch apart, expand, esp. to fill full, distend. Transf., to distract, perplex. Hence partic. distentus -a -um, distended, full.
distermino -are, to separate by a boundary, divide.
distichon distichi, n. a poem of two lines, distich.
distinctio -onis, f. a distinction, difference; the finding of a difference, the act of distinguishing, discriminating; rhet. a division in a speech; a pause, stop.
distinctus (1) -a -um, partic. from distinguo; q.v.
distinctus (2) -us, m. difference, distinction.
distineo -tinere -tinui -tentum, to hold asunder, keep apart, separate. Transf., to divide in feeling; to distract; to keep away, prevent a thing from happening. Hence partic. distentus -a -um, distracted, occupied.
distinguo -stinguere -stinxi -stinctum, to mark off, distinguish, divide. Transf., to separate, distinguish; gram., to punctuate; to set off, decorate, adorn. Hence partic. distinctus -a -um,separate, distinct; set off, diversified, adorned. Adv. distincte, clearly, distinctly.
disto -are, to be apart, be distant; to differ, be distinct; impers., distat, there is a difference.
distorqueo -torquere -torsi -tortum, to twist apart, distort; to torture. Hence partic. distortus -a -um, distorted, deformed; of speech, per- verse.
distortio -onis, f. distortion.
distractio -onis, f. pulling apart, separation, disunion.
distraho -trahere -traxi -tractum, to pull apart or pull to pieces; of associations, to break up, dissolve; of persons, to draw away, es- trange, also to distract; of property, to sell up; gram., to leave a hiatus in a verse.
distribuo -uere -ui -utum, to distribute, divide. Adv. from partic. distribute, methodically, with logical arrangement.
distributio -onis, f. division, distribution.
distringo -stringere -strinxi -strictum, to draw apart, stretch out, to engage at different points, divert, occupy. Hence partic. districtus -a -um, occupied, busy, engaged.
disturbatio -onis, f. destruction.
disturbo -are, to drive apart in confusion; to destroy, raze to the ground; to bring to naught, frustrate, ruin.
ditesco -ere, to become rich.
dithyrambicus -a -um, dithyrambic.
dithyrambus -i, m. a dithyrambic poem(originally in honor of Bacchus).
ditio; = dicio; q.v.
ditior, ditissimus; see dis.
dito -are, to enrich, make wealthy.
diu, adv. (1) by day. (2) for a long time. (3) a long time ago. Compar. diutius, longer, too long. Superl. diutissime.
diurnus -a -um, belonging to a day or lasting for a day; n. as subst., a journal, account-book or a daily allowance.
dius -a -um, divine, god-like; hence fine, noble; also (apparently) out of doors, in the open air.
diutinus -a -um, lasting a long time, long; adv. diutine.
diutius, diutissime; see diu.
diuturnitas -atis, f. long duration.
diuturnus -a -um, lasting a long time, of long duration.
divarico -are, to stretch apart, spread out.
divello -vellere -velli -vulsum (-volsum), to pluck apart, tear asunder, break up, destroy, interrupt; to distract, pull away, remove, separate.
divendo -vendere -venditum, to sell in separate lots.
diverbero -are, to strike apart, cleave, divide.
diverbium -i, n. dialogue on the stage.
diversitas -atis, f. contrariety, contradiction; difference, diversity.
diversorium; see deversorius.
diverto (divorto) -vertere -verti -versum, to turn different ways; hence to differ. Hence partic. diversus -a -um, turned away, turned in different direc- tions; of places, out of the way, remote; of character, fluctua- ting, irresolute; in gen., different, unlike, opposed, hostile. Adv.
diverse, differently, diversely.
dives -vitis, rich, wealthy; with abl. or genit., rich in.
divexo -are, to tear asunder;hence to destroy, plunder, to distract.
dividia -ae, f. division, trouble.
divido -videre -visi -visum. (1) to divide up, separate into parts; esp. to divide among persons, distribute, allot; polit., 'sententiam', to divide a resolution into parts so that each part can be voted on; in mu- sic, to accompany. (2) to separate from one another, to distinguish; to set off, adorn. Hence partic. divisus -a -um, separate.
dividuus -a -um, divisible; divided, parted; fig., distracted.
divinatio -onis, f. the gift of prophecy, divination; legal, the selection of the prosecutor.
divinitas -atis, f. divine nature, divinity; the power of prophecy or divination; excellence, surpassing merit.
divinitus, divinely, by divine influence; by inspiration, by means of divination; admirably, nobly.
divino -are, to foretell, prophesy, forebode.
divinus -a -um. (1) belonging or relating to a deity, divine; 'res divina', the service of the gods; n. as subst. a sacrifice; in plur. divine things or attributes. (2) divinely inspired, prophetic; 'vates', a poet; m. as subst., a seer. (3) noble, admirable. Adv. divine, divinely, by divine power; by divine inspiration, prophetically; admirably, excellently.
divisio -onis, f. division, distribution.
divisor -oris, m. a divider; a distributor,esp. of lands; a hired bribery agent.
divisui, dat. sing. m. for division.
divitiae -arum, f. pl. riches, wealth; ornaments, rich offerings; of soil, richness.
divortium -i, n. divergence, separation; of things, a boundary, parting of the ways; or persons, separation, divorce.
divorto; see diverto.
divulgo -are, to make common, publish, spread abroad. Hence partic. divulgatus -a -um, spread abroad, made common.
divus -a -um: as adj., divine or deified; as subst., m. a god and f. a goddess (often as epithet of dead and deified emperors); 'sub divo'(neuter), in the open air.
do dare dedi datum. (1) to offer, give, grant, bestow, lend; to hand over, commit, devote; of letters, to give for dispatch; 'vela dare ventis', to sail; 'poenas', to pay a penalty; 'verba', to give words only, i.e., to cheat; of news, to tell, communicate. (2) to cause, bring about, put.
doceo docere docui doctum, to teach, instruct (with acc. of person and/or thing); with clause, to inform that or how; 'docere fabulam', to teach a play to the actors, to bring out, exhibit. Hence partic. doctus -a -um, taught; learned, instructed, well-informed; experienced, clever, shrewd. Adv. docte, learnedly, skillfully; clever- ly, shrewdly.
dochmius -i, m. a metrical foot, the dochmiac.
docilis -e, teachable, docile.
docilitas -atis, f. teachableness, docility.
doctor -oris, m. a teacher.
doctrina -ae, f. teaching, instruction; knowledge, learning.
doctus -a um, partic. from doceo; q.v.
documen -inis, n. example, pattern, warning, proof.
documentum -i, n. example, pattern, warning, proof.
dodrans -antis, m. three fourths; as a measure of length, nine inches.
dogma -atis, n. a philosophical doctrine.
Dolabella -ae, m. a Roman family name in the gens Cornelia.
dolabra -ae, f. a pick-axe.
doleo dolere dolui, to suffer pain, physical or mental, to be pained, to grieve; of things, to cause pain. Hence partic. dolens, painful;adv. dolenter,painfully, sorrowfully.
dolium -i, n. a wine-jar, cask.
dolo (1) -are, to hew with an axe, to work roughly; 'caput fuste', to cudgel.
dolo (2) or dolon -onis, m. (1) a pike, sword-stick. (2) a small foresail.
dolor -oris, m. pain, physical or mental; esp. disappointment, resentment. Transf., cause of sorrow; rhet., pathos.
dolosus -a -um, crafty, deceitful, cunning; adv. dolose.
dolus -i, m. a device, artifice; fraud, deceit, guile; a trap.
domabilis -e, tameable.
domesticus -a -um. (1) belonging to house or family, domestic; m. as subst. esp. plur., members of one's family. (2) native; 'crudelitas', to- wards citizens; 'bellum', civil war.
domicilium -i, n. place of residence, dwelling.
domina -ae, f. mistress of a household; wife, mistress, lady; of abstr. things, ruler, controller.
dominatio -onis, f. mastery, control; irresponsible power, despotism.
dominator -oris, m. ruler, governor.
dominatrix -icis, f. a female ruler, mistress.
dominatus -us, m. mastery, absolute power.
dominium -i, n. (1) rule, power, ownership. (2) a feast, banquet.
dominor -ari, dep. to rule, be supreme, domineer.
dominus -i, m. master of a house, lord, master. Transf., husband or lover; a master, owner, possessor; employer; ruler, lord, controller.
domiporta -ae, f. one with her house on her back, the snail.
Domitianus -i, m. son of Vespasian, brother of Titus, emperor from 81 to 96 A.D..
Domitius -a -um, name of a plebeian gens in Rome.
domito -are, to tame, subdue, break in.
domitor -oris, m. tamer, conqueror, victor.
domitrix -icis, f. she who tames.
domitus -us, m. taming.
domo domare domui domitum, to tame, break in, conquer, subdue.
domus -us, f. a house, home; locative domi, at home, in the house; 'domi habere', to have at home, to possess; domum, home, homewards; domo, from home. Transf., dwelling, abode; native country; household; philosophical school or sect.
donarium -i, n. (1) a temple, shrine, altar. (2) a votive offering.
donatio -onis, f. giving, donation.
donativum -i, n. an imperial largess.
donec (older donicum). (1) up to the time when, until. (2) so long as, while.
dono -are. (1) 'rem homini', to give as a present, to present, grant, bestow, give up; esp. to remit a debt or obligation; to forgive, pardon. (2) 'hominem re', to present with.
donum -i, n. a gift, present; 'dono dare', to give as a present; esp. a votive offering.
dorcas -adis, f. gazelle, antelope.
Dores -um, m. the Dorians, one of the Hellenic tribes; adj. Doricus and Dorius -a -um, Dorian, Greek. F. Doris -idis: as adj., Dorian; as subst., the country of the Dorians; the wife of Nereus; meton., the sea.
dormio -ire, to sleep; to rest, be inactive.
dormito -are, to be sleepy, begin to sleep, nod; to dream, be lazy; of a lamp, 'iam dormitante lucerna', just going out.
dormitorius -a -um, for sleeping.
dorsum -i, n. the back, of men, animals or things; 'immane dorsum mari summo', a reef; a mountain ridge.
dos dotis, f. a dowry, marriage portion; a gift, quality, endowment.
dotalis -e, belonging to or forming a dowry.
doto -are, to provide with a dowry, endow; partic. dotatus -a -um, richly endowed.
drachma (drachuma) -ae, f. a drachma, a small Greek coin.
draco -onis, m. a kind of snake, dragon.
draconigena -ae, c. dragon-born.
drapeta -ae, m. a runaway slave.
Drepanum -i, n. and Drepana -orum, plur.a town on the west coast of Sicily.
dromas -adis, m. a dromedary.
Druentia -ae, f. a river in Gaul (now Durance).
Druides -um and Druidae -arum, m. the Druids.
Drusus -i, m. a cognomen of the gens Livia; hence adj. Drusianus and Drusinus -a -um, of Drusus; subst. Drusilla -ae, f. the name of several females of the gens Livia.
Dryas -adis, f. a wood nymph, Dryad.
dubitabilis -e, doubtful, uncertain.
dubitatio -onis, f. doubt, uncertainty; hesitation, irresolution.
dubito -are. (1)to doubt, waver in opinion, be uncertain.(2) to waver as to action, be irresolute, hesitate. Adv. from partic. dubitanter, doubtingly.
dubius -a -um, doubtful. (1) act., wavering; in opinion, doubting; uncertain; as to action, hesitating, irresolute. (2) pass., uncer- tain, doubted, doubtful; n. as subst.; 'in dubium vocare', to call in question; 'procul dubio', without doubt. (3) fig., doubtful, dange- rous, critical. Adv. dubie, doubtfully; 'haud dubie', certainly.
duceni -ae -a, a group of two hundred, or two hundred each.
ducentesima -ae, f. the two hundredth part, one-half percent.
ducenti -ae -a, two hundred.
ducenties (ducentiens), two hundred times.
duco ducere duxi ductum. (1) to draw; to draw along or away; hence to shape anything long, to construct; 'carmina', to make verses; of time either to spend or to delay, protract. Transf., to charm, influence, mislead; to derive. (2) to draw in; 'aera spiritu', to inhale; 'pocula', to quaff. (3) to lead; in marriage, to marry a wife; milit., either to lead on the march, or to command.(4) to calcu- late, reckon; to esteem, consider.
ductim, by drawing; in a stream.
ductito -are, to lead, esp. to lead home a wife. Transf. to cheat.
ducto -are, to lead, esp. to lead home a wife. Transf. to cheat.
ductor -oris, m. a leader, commander, a guide.
ductus -us, m. (1) drawing, drawing off. (2) shaping, shape; 'oris', the lineaments of the face; 'muri', line of a wall. (3) leading, command, leadership.
dudum, some time ago; a little while ago, not long since; a long while ago or for a long time.
duellum, duellicus, duellator = bellum, bellicus, bellator; q.v.
Duilius -a -um, name of a Roman gens.
dulcedo -inis, f. sweetness, pleasantness, charm.
dulcesco -ere, to become sweet.
dulciculus -a -um, somewhat sweet.
dulcis -e, sweet; 'unda', fresh water; in gen., pleasant, delightful, agreeable; of persons, friendly, dear. N. acc. dulce and adv. dulciter, sweetly.
dulcitudo -inis, f. sweetness.
dum. (1) adv., joined as an enclitic with other words; 'nondum', not yet; 'vixdum', scarcely yet; 'nedum', not to say; 'age dum', come now; (2) conj.: while, during the time that; so long as, provided that; until.
dumetum -i, n. a thorn brake, thicket.
dummodo, provided that, so long as.
dumosus -a -um, covered with thorn bushes, bushy.
dumtaxat. (1) at least, not less than. (2) at most, not more than.
dumus -i, m. a thorn bush, bramble.
duo -ae -o, irreg. num. two.
duodecies (duodeciens), twelve times.
duodecim, indecl. num. twelve.
duodecimus -a -um, twelfth.
duodeni -ae -a, twelve at a time or twelve each.
duodequadragesimus -a -um, thirty-eighth.
duodequinquagesimus -a -um, forty-eighth.
duodetricies (duodetriciens), twenty-eight times.
duodeviceni -ae -a, eighteen each.
duoetvicesimani -orum, m. soldiers of the 22nd legion.
duoetvicesimus -a -um, twenty-second.
duplex -plicis, double, doubled, twofold. Transf. (1) plur., both. (2) two-faced, deceitful, equivocal. Adv. dupliciter, doubly.
duplicarius -a -um: 'miles', a soldier who gets double pay.
duplico -are, to double; of words, to repeat; also to form compound words. Transf., to bend double; in gen., to lengthen, increase.
duplus -a -um, twice as much, double; n. as subst. double, esp. a double penalty.
dupondius -i, m. a coin of two asses.
durabilis -e, lasting, durable.
duramen -inis, n. hardness.
durateus -a -um, wooden.
duresco durescere durui, to grow hard; of water, to freeze.
duritas -atis, f. harshness, unfriendliness.
duritia -ae, f. hardness; fig., austerity, harshness, severity.
durities -ei, f. hardness; fig., austerity, harshness, severity.
duro -are: transit., to make hard or hardy, to inure; intransit., to become hard or dry; to be hard or callous; to endure, hold out; to last, remain, continue.
durus -a -um, hard, harsh; tough, strong, enduring; in demeanour or tastes, rough, rude, uncouth; in character, hard, austere,sometimes brazen, shameless; of things, hard, awkward, difficult, adverse. Adv. dure and duriter, hardly, hardily; roughly, rudely; harshly, unpleasantly, severe- ly.
duumvir and duovir -viri, m. usually pl., a pair of magistrates, a commission of two.
dux ducis, c. (1) a guide, conductor. (2) a leader, ruler, commander.
dynastes -is, m. ruler, prince.
Dyrrhachium -i, n. a port in Illyria.