Glossary of Latin Terms F


faba -ae, f. the broad bean.

fabalis -e, of beans.

fabella -ae, f. a little story, fable or drama.

faber -bra -brum, ingenious, skillful. M. as subst. faber -bri, a worker, craftsman; 'faber tignarius', a carpenter; 'ferrarius', a blacksmith; milit., 'fabri', the engineers; also a fish, perhaps dory. Adv. fabre, skillfully.

Fabius -a -um, name of a Roman gens.

fabrefacio -facere -feci -factum, to make or fashion skillfully.

fabrica -ae, f. the art of a faber; a device, trick; a workshop.

fabricatio -onis, f. making, framing, construction.

fabricator -oris, m. maker, artificer.

Fabricius -a -um, name of a Roman gens.

fabrico -are, and fabricor -ari, dep. to form, make, forge.

fabrilis -e, relating to an artificer; n. pl. as subst., tools.

fabula -ae, f. (1) talk, conversation; 'fabulam fieri', to get talked about.(2) a tale, story, fable, drama, myth;'fabulae!', nonsense.

fabulor -ari, dep. (1) to talk, converse, chatter. (2) to tell an untruth.

fabulosus -a -um, renowned in story, fabled.

facesso facessere facessi facessitum: transit., to do eagerly, perform, fulfil, accomplish; 'homini negotium', to give trouble to; intrans. to make off, go away, depart.

facetia -ae, f.; sing., wit; plur., wit, drollery, humor.

facetus -a -um, fine, elegant; witty, facetious. Adv. facete, elegantly, wittily, humorously.

facies -ei, f. shape, form, figure, outward appearance; esp. face, countenance. Transf., character, nature; seeming, pretence.

facilis -e, easy to do; easy to manage, convenient, favorable; of movement, easy, mobile; of persons, facile, dexterous, clever; of character, affable, easy, good-natured. N. acc. as adv., facile, easily, without difficulty; indisputably, certainly; 'haud facile', not easily, hardly; 'facile pati', to bear willingly.

facilitas -atis, f. easiness, ease; of character, willingness, friendli- ness, affability, good-nature.

facinorosus -a -um, wicked, criminal.

facinus -oris, n. a deed, action; esp. a bad deed, crime, villainy; hence instrument of crime; in plur., criminals.

facio facere feci factum (the pass. is fio; q.v.). Transit., to make, form, do, perform; of feelings and circumstances, to cause, bring about; esp. 'copiam' or 'potestam', to give a chance, grant permission; with clause as object, esp. with subj., e.g. 'fac sciam', let me know; 'facere non possum quin', I cannot but; of troubles, to experience, suffer; with double acc., to make, appoint, change into; with genit., to make some- thing the property of a person or thing, to bring into the power of, or mentally, to put into the category, to regard, esteem, value; with acc. and infin., to take it, assume or to make out, represent that a thing is so. Intransit., to act; with adverbs, to behave; 'facere cum', or 'ab homine', to act on the side of, support; to sacrifice; to be serviceable, to suit, help, be of service; used instead of repeating another verb, to do so. Hence partic. factus -a -um, done, wrought; n. of compar., factius, nearer to achievement; n. of positive as subst. factum -i, a deed, act, exploit.

factio -onis, f. (1) a making, doing;also the right of making or doing. (2) a party, group; esp. a political party, faction, side.

factiosus -a -um, busy; factious, associated with a faction.

factito -are. (1) to practice, be accustomed to make or do. (2) to appoint openly.

factus -a -um, partic. from facio; q.v.

facula -ae, f. a little torch.

facultas -atis, f. feasibility, opportunity, power, means; capacity, ability; resources, stock, abundance.

facundia -ae, f. eloquence, readiness of speech.

facundus -a -um, eloquent, fluent, ready of speech; adv. facunde.

faecula -ae, f. lees of wine.

faenebris -e, relating to interest.

faeneratio -onis, f. lending at interest, usury.

faenerator -oris, m. money-lender, usurer.

faeneror -ari, dep. and faenero (fenero) -are, to lend at interest; 'pro- vincias', to despoil by usury; 'beneficium', to trade in benefits.

faeneus -a -um, of hay; 'homines', men of straw.

faenilia -ium, n. pl. hay-loft.

faeniseca -ae, m. a mower; a country-man.

faenum (fenum) -i, n. hay.

faenus (fenus) -oris, n. interest on money; 'pecuniam dare faenore', to lend at interest; 'accipere faenore', to borrow. Transf., debt, in- debtedness; capital, usury.

Faesulae -arum, f. town in Etruria (now Fiesole); adj. Faesulanus -a -um.

faex faecis, f. the dregs or lees of liquid, esp. of wine; fig., socially, the dregs, the lower orders.

fagineus -a -um, of beech.

faginus -a -um, of beech.

fagus -i, f. beech tree.

fala (phala) -ae, f. a wooden tower or pillar.

falarica (phalarica) -ae, f. a missile covered with tow and pitch.

falcarius -i, m. a sickle-maker.

falcatus -a -um, furnished with sickles; sickle-shaped.

falcifer -fera -ferum, carrying a scythe or sickle.

Falernus ager, the Falernian country, in Campania; n. of adj. as subst., Falernum -i, Falernian wine.

fallacia -ae, f. deceit, trick, fraud.

fallax -acis, deceitful, treacherous, false; adv. fallaciter.

fallo fallere fefelli falsum, to deceive, lead astray, cause to be mistaken; 'nisi fallor', unless I am mistaken; of abstr. things, to disappoint, fail in; poet., to beguile, wile away; to escape the notice of, be con- cealed from; impers. 'non fallit me', I am not unaware. Hence partic. falsus -a -um. (1) wrong, mistaken, misled; n. as subst., a mistake; abl. as adv., falso, falsely, mistakenly. (2) false, untrue, spurious. (3) deceitful, lying; n. as subst. a lie; Adv. false.

falsidicus -a -um, lying.

falsiloquus -a -um, lying.

falsus -a -um, partic. from fallo; q.v.

falx falcis, f. a sickle, bill-hook, pruning-hook; a sickle-shaped implement of war.

fama -ae, f. talk, report, rumor, tradition; 'fama est', there is a rumor; public opinion; standing in public opinion, repute, good or bad.

famelicus -a -um, hungry, famished.

fames -is, f. hunger, famine; insatiable desire; poverty of expression.

famigerator -oris, m. a rumor-monger.

familia -ae, f. a household (of slaves), establishment; 'pater familias or paterfamilias', the head of a household; 'materfamilias', a married woman or an unmarried woman whose father was dead; 'filiusfamilias'a son still under his father's power. Transf., a family estate; a family, as a subdivision of a gens; any fraternity, group, sect.

familiaris -e. (1) belonging to the slaves of a house; as subst. familiaris -is, m. a servant, slave. (2) belonging to a family or household; known in the house or family, intimate, friendly; m. and f. as subst.a familiar friend. (3) in augury, 'fissum familiare', or 'pars familiaris', the part of the entrails relating to the persons sacrificing. Adv. familiariter, familiarly, intimately.

familiaritas -atis, f. confidential friendship, intimacy; meton., familiar friends.

famosus -a -um: pass., much spoken of, renowned; in bad sense, infamous, notorious; act., libellous, defamatory.

famul, famula; see famulus.

famularis -e, relating to servants or slaves.

famulatus -us, m. servitude, slavery, service; meton., an establishment of slaves.

famulor -ari, dep. to be a servant, to serve.

famulus -a -um, serving, servile; as subst. m. famulus (famul) -i, a servant, slave, attendant; f. famula -ae, a female slave, handmaid.

fanaticus -a -um, inspired; enthusiastic, frenzied.

fanum -i, n. a temple with the land round it, a holy place.

far farris, n. spelt, grain, meal.

farcio farcire farsi fartum, to fill full, stuff full.

farina -ae, f. meal, flour.

farrago -inis, f. mixed fodder for cattle, mash; a medley, mixture.

farratus -a -um, provided with grain; made of corn.

farreus -a -um, made of spelt or corn.

fartim (fartem), acc. sing., stuffing, minced meat.

fartor -oris, m. a fattener of fowls.

fas, n. indecl. divine command or law; sometimes fate, destiny; in gen. right, that which is allowed, lawful; 'fas est', it is allowed, it is lawful.

fascia -ae, f. a bandage, band, girdle, girth.

fasciculus -i, m. a little bundle or packet; 'florum', a nosegay.

fascino -are, to bewitch; to envy.

fasciola -ae, f. a little bandage.

fascis -is, m. a bundle, packet; plur., fasces, bundles of sticks with an axe projecting, carried by lictors before the chief Roman magistrates;hence high office, esp. the consulate.

fasti -orum, m.; see fastus -a -um.

fastidio -ire, to loathe, feel distaste for, dislike.

fastidiosus -a -um, squeamish, nice, dainty, fastidious; with genit. sick of, disgusted with, impatient of; in act. sense, disgusting, loathsome. Adv. fastidiose, fastidiously, with disgust.

fastidium -i, n. loathing, squeamishness, disgust, dislike; hence scorn, haughtiness, disdain.

fastigatus -a -um, pointed or sloping down; adv. fastigate, slantingly.

fastigium -i, n. the gable end, pediment of a roof; hence a slope, either up or down; of measurements looking up, height; looking down, depth; abstract, high rank, dignity; principal point in a subject.

fastus (1) -a -um: 'dies fastus', plur. 'dies fasti', or simply 'fasti', day on which the praetor could administer justice, court-days. Transf. a list of these days, with festivals, etc., the Roman calendar; a regis- ter, record; a list of magistrates.

fastus (2) -us, m. pride, haughtiness, arrogance.

fatalis -e, relating to destiny or fate; fated, destined by fate; in bad sense, deadly, fatal. Adv. fataliter, according to fate.

fateor fateri fassus, dep. to confess, admit, allow; to reveal, make known.

faticanus and -cinus -a -um, prophetic.

fatidicus -a -um, announcing fate, prophetic; m. as subst.a prophet.

fatifer -fera -ferum, deadly, fatal.

fatigatio -onis, f. weariness, fatigue.

fatigo -are, to weary, fatigue; to vex, harass; to tease, importune, worry.

fatiloqua -ae, f. a prophetess.

fatisco -ere and fatiscor -i, dep. to gape, crack, open; to become weak, droop.

fatuitas -atis, f. foolishness, silliness.

fatum -i, n. an utterance, esp. a divine utterance; hence destiny, fate, the will of a god; personif. Fata, the Parcae or Fates; doom, fate, misfortune, ruin, calamity.

fatuus -a -um, foolish, idiotic, silly.

Faunus -i, m. a mythic deity of the forests.

faustitas -atis, f. prosperity.

faustus -a -um, favorable, lucky, auspicious; adv. fauste.

fautor -oris, m. patron, promoter, partisan.

fautrix -icis, f. a patroness.

faux, f.; usually plur. fauces -ium, gullet, throat, jaws. Transf., a chasm, gorge, defile; an isthmus, neck of land; straits.

faveo favere favi fautum, to favor, be favorable to, help, support, with dat.; with infin., to be inclined to do. Esp. as religious t.t., to speak no words of bad omen; hence to be silent.

favilla -ae, f. glowing ashes, esp. of the dead; a spark.

favitor -oris, m. = fautor; q.v.

Favonius -i, m. = zephyrus, the west wind.

favor -oris, m. favor, good-will, support, inclination; esp. applause at the theater, acclamation.

favorabilis -e, in favor, popular.

favus -i, m. honeycomb.

fax facis, f. (1) a torch, esp. as carried at weddings and funerals. (2) a firebrand; of persons, instigator; of things, stimulus. (3) light, flame, esp. of heavenly bodies; fig., brilliance or pas- sion.

febricula -ae, f. a slight fever, feverishness.

febris -is, f. fever.

Februarius -i, m. or Ferbruarius Mensis, the cleansing month, February; 'Kalendae Februariae', the 1st of February.

februum -i, n. religious purification; Februa -orum, pl. the Roman feast of purification on the 15th of February.

fecialis; = fetialis; q.v.

fecunditas -atis, f. fruitfulness, fecundity.

fecundo -are, to fructify, fertilize.

fecundus -a -um, fruitful, prolific; abundant, full, plentiful; with genit. rich in, abounding in; act., making fruitful.

fel fellis, n. the gall-bladder, gall, bile; poison, venom; bitterness.

feles -is, f. a cat; hence a thief.

felicitas -atis, f. happiness, good fortune, success; personif., Good Fortune as a goddess.

felix -icis, fruitful, fertile. Transf., of good omen, favorable, bring- ing good luck; fortunate, lucky, successful; Felix, the Lucky One, sur- name of Sulla. Adv. feliciter, fruitfully; auspiciously, favorably; luck- ily, successfully.

femella -ae, f. young woman, girl.

femen; = femur; q.v.

femina -ae, f. a female, woman; of animals, the female.

femineus -a -um, female, feminine; womanish, effeminate.

femur -oris or -inis, n. the thigh.

fenestra -ae, f. a window; a breach, loophole.

fera -ae, f.; see ferus.

feralis -e, relating to the dead, funereal; deadly, fatal; mournful; n. pl. as subst. the festival of the dead, in February.

ferax -acis, fruitful, fertile, prolific; compar. adv. feracius, more fruitfully.

ferculum -i, n. a frame, litter, bier, tray; of food, a course or dish.

fere. (1) almost, nearly; with negatives, scarcely, hardly. (2) just, exactly. (3) as a rule, generally, usually.

ferentarius -a -um, a light-armed soldier.

feretrum -i, n. a bier for carrying a corpse.

feriae -arum, f. pl. festivals, holidays.

feriatus -a -um, keeping holiday, idle, at leisure.

ferinus -a -um, relating to a wild beast, wild; f. as subst. flesh of wild animals, game.

ferio -ire, to strike, knock, smite, hit; esp. to strike dead, slay, kill; colloq., to cheat.

feritas -atis, f. wildness, savageness.

ferme. (1) almost, nearly; with negatives, hardly, scarcely. (2) usually.

fermentum -i, n. leaven, yeast; a kind of beer. Transf. anger, passion.

fero ferre tuli latum. (1) to bear, bring, carry; 'prae se ferre', to display, make public; often, to endure, submit to; esp. with adv., 'ferre aegre', to take ill, be vexed at. (2) to bring forth, produce. (3) to bring to a place or a person, fetch, offer; 'suffragium, sententi- am', to vote; 'legem', to propose a law; 'ferre ut', to propose that; commercial, 'expensum ferre', to set down in an account-book as paid; to cause, bring about; to report to others, spread abroad, speak of; 'fama fert', the story goes; esp. to publish a person's praises (4) to bear away, carry off; 'ferre et agere', to plunder. Transf., to win, get; 'centuriam, tribus', to gain the votes of. (5) to bear along, move forward, put in motion; milit., 'signa ferre', to march. Transf., to move, impel, carry away; without object, to lead, tend.

ferocia -ae, f. high spirit, courage; in bad sense, arrogance, ferocity.

ferocitas -atis, f. courage, untamed spirit; in bad sense, arrogance.

ferox -ocis, courageous, high-spirited, warlike; in bad sense, wild, unbridled, arrogant; adv. ferociter.

ferramenta -orum, n. pl. tools made of, or shod with, iron.

ferrarius -a -um, of iron; m. as subst. a blacksmith; f. pl. as subst. iron mines.

ferratilis -e, in irons; of slaves.

ferratus -a -um, furnished or covered with iron; 'servi', in irons; m. pl. as subst. soldiers in armor.

ferreus -a -um, of iron; made of iron or like iron; hard, unfeeling, cruel; immovable, firm.

ferriterium -i, n. = ergastulum; q.v.

ferrugineus -a -um, rust-colored, dun.

ferruginus -a -um, rust-colored, dun.

ferrugo -inis, f. iron rust; the color of rust.

ferrum -i, n. iron; hence any iron instrument; plow, axe, scissors, and esp. sword.

fertilis -e, fruitful, fertile, productive; fertilizing, making fruitful.

fertilitas -atis, f. fruitfulness, fertility.

fertum (ferctum) -i, n. a sacrificial cake.

ferula -ae, f. (1) the herb fennel. (2) a stick, cane, esp. to punish slaves and children.

ferus -a -um, wild, uncultivated, uncivilized, rough, cruel; m. and f. as subst., a wild animal.

fervefacio -facere -feci -factum, to make hot, boil, melt.

ferveo fervere ferbui (and fervo fervere fervi), to be boiling hot, to boil, seethe, glow. Transf., to be in quick movement, to seethe; to be excited by passion, rage. Hence partic. fervens -entis, glowing, hot, heated; of character or feeling, heated, fiery. Adv. ferventer, hotly, warmly.

fervesco -ere, to become hot, begin to glow or boil.

fervidus -a -um, boiling, seething, foaming; of character or feelings, fiery, passionate, excited.

fervo; = ferveo; q.v.

fervor -oris, m. boiling heat, seething, foaming; ardor, passion.

Fescennia -ae, f. a town in Etruria, famous for verse dialogues. Adj. Fescenninus -a -um.

fessus -a -um, weary, tired, exhausted; 'fessa aetas', old age; 'res fessae', distress.

festinatio -onis, f. haste, speed, hurry.

festino -are: intransit., to hasten, hurry; transit., to hasten, accele- rate. Hence adv. festinanter and festinato, hastily.

festinus -a -um, hastening, hasty.

festivitas -atis, f. gaiety, jollity; of speech or writing, cheerfulness, humor.

festivus -a -um, of a holiday, festive; merry, good-humored, cheerful; adv. festive.

festuca -ae, f. a stalk, stem, straw. Transf., a rod used in the manu- mission of slaves.

festus -a -um, of a holiday, festive; of people, keeping holiday; n. as subst. a feast.

fetialis -is, m. one of a college of priests responsible for formally making peace or declaring war; as adj. = belonging to the fetiales.

fetura -ae, f. the bringing forth of young, breeding; meton., brood, offspring.

fetus (1) -a -um, (1) pregnant; fruitful, fertile; teeming with, full of. (2) that has brought forth, newly delivered.

fetus (2) -us, m. the bringing forth or hatching of young; of the soil, bearing, producing. Transf., that which is brought forth; offspring, brood; of plants, fruit, produce, shoot.

fibra -ae, f. a fiber, filament; the entrails of an animal.

fibula -ae, f. a buckle, brooch, clasp; an iron clamp.

ficedula -ae, f. a small bird, the becafico.

fictilis -e, shaped; hence earthen, made of clay; n. as subst., esp. pl. earthenware, earthen vessels.

fictio -onis, f. forming, feigning; assumption.

fictor -oris, m. an image-maker, a molder; in gen., maker, contriver.

fictrix -icis, f. she that forms or fashions.

fictura -ae, f. forming, fashioning.

fictus -a -um, partic. from fingo; q.v.

ficulneus -a -um, of the fig tree.

ficulnus -a -um, of the fig tree.

ficus -i, and -us, f. a fig tree, a fig.

fideicommissum -i, n. legal, a trust.

fidelia -ae, f. an earthenware pot or vase.

fidelis -e, trusty, steadfast, faithful; m. as subst., esp. pl., confi- dants, faithful friends. Adv. fideliter, faithfully; securely, without danger.

fidelitas -atis, f. faithfulness, trust, fidelity.

Fidenae -arum, and Fidena -ae, f. a town in Latium; adj. Fidenas -atis.

fidens -entis, partic. from fido; q.v.

fidentia -ae, f. confidence, boldness.

fides (1) -ei, f. trust, confidence, reliance, belief, faith; 'fidem face- re', to create confidence, cause belief; as mercantile t.t., credit. Transf., that which produces confidence; faithfulness, conscientiousness; 'fidem praestare', to be loyal; '(ex) bona fide', in good faith, with sincerity; of things, credibility, actuality, fulfillment; a promise, assurance, word of honor, engagement; 'fidem fallere', to break a pro- mise;'servare', to keep a promise; 'fide mea', on my word of honor; 'fides (or fides publica)', a promise of protection, safe-conduct; hence, in gen., faithful protection, constant help.

fides (2) -is, f., usually plur. a gut-string for a musical instrument; hence a lyre, lute, harp.

fidicen -cinis, m. a player on the harp, lyre, lute; poet., a lyric poet.

fidicina -ae, f. a female player on the lute or harp.

fidicinus -a -um, of lute playing.

fidicula -ae, f., usually plur. a little lyre or lute; an instrument for torturing slaves.

Fidius -i, m. a surname of Jupiter; esp. in phrase, 'medius fidius', So help me God!.

fido fidere fisus sum, to trust, believe, confide in; with dat. or abl. Hence partic. fidens -entis, without fear, confident, courageous; adv. fidenter.

fiducia -ae, f. (1) confidence, trust, assurance; with sui, or absol., self-confidence, self-reliance, courage. (2) fidelity.

fiduciarius -a -um, entrusted, committed.

fidus -a -um, trusty, true, faithful, sure; superl. adv. fidissime.

figo figere fixi fixum. (1) to fix, fasten, make fast, attach, affix; esp. with oculos, to fix the gaze. (2) to thrust home a weapon, etc. so as to fix fast. (3) to transfix. Hence partic. fixus -a -um, fixed, firm, immovable.

figularis -e, of a potter.

figulus -i, m. a worker in clay, potter.

figura -ae, f. form, shape, figure, size; an atom; shade of a dead person; in the abstr., kind, nature, species; rhet., a figure of speech.

figuro -are, to form, mold, shape; rhet., to adorn with figures.

filatim, thread by thread.

filia -ae, f. a daughter.

filicatus -a -um, adorned with ferns; embossed with fern leaves.

filiola -ae, f. little daughter.

filiolus -i, m. little son.

filius -i, m. son.

filix -icis, f. fern.

filum -i, n. a thread; 'pendere filo (tenui)', to hang by a thread; a wooden fillet. Transf. form, shape; of speech or writing, tex- ture, thread.

fimbriae -arum, f. pl. fringe, border, edge.

fimbriatus -a -um, fringed.

fimus -i, m. and fimum -i, n. dung, dirt.

findo findere fidi fissum, to split, cleave, divide, halve. Hence partic. fissus -a -um, split, cloven; n. as subst., a split, cleft; in augury, a divided liver.

fingo fingere finxi fictum, to shape, fashion, form, mold; also to ar- range, put in order; to represent, imagine, conceive; to feign, fabricate, devise; 'fingere vultum', to put on an artificial expression. Hence partic. fictus -a -um, feigned, false; n. as subst. a false- hood.

finio -ire, to bound, limit, enclose, restrain; to define, determine, appoint; to put an end to, conclude, finish; esp. to finish speaking, or to die; pass., to end, cease. Perf. partic. finitus -a -um; of a phrase, well-rounded; adv. finite, moderately, within bounds.

finis -is, m. (sometimes f.) boundary, limit, border; summit, end; object, aim; in pl. enclosed area, territory.

finitimus and finitumus -a -um, neighboring, adjacent; related to, resembling, similar. M. pl. as subst. neighbors.

finitor -oris, m. one who determines boundaries, a land surveyor. Transf., the horizon.

fio fieri factus sum, used as pass. of facio. (1) of persons and things, to be made, come into existence; with predicate, to become, be appointed; with genit., to be valued at. (2) of actions, to be done; of events, to happen; with abl., 'quid illo fiet ?', what will happen to him ?; 'fieri ut', to come about that; 'fieri non potest quin', it must be that.

firmamen -inis, n. support, prop.

firmamentum -i, n. a means of support, prop; the main point in an argu- ment.

firmator -oris, m. one who makes firm or establishes.

firmitas -atis, f. firmness, stability; strength of mind, constancy.

firmitudo -inis, f. firmness, stability; strength of mind, constancy.

firmo -are, to make firm, strengthen; to make durable, make secure; of spirits, to encourage, cheer, animate; of ideas, to prove, establish, also to assert, maintain.

firmus -a -um, firm, strong, stout; lasting, valid; morally strong. Adv. firme and firmiter, firmly, strongly, steadfastly.

fiscella -ae, f. a small basket.

fiscina -ae, f. a small basket.

fiscus -i, m. a basket; hence a money-bag, purse; the state treasury; under the empire, the emperor's privy purse (opposite 'aerarium', the state treasury).

fissilis -e, that can be split; also split.

fissio -onis, f. splitting, cleaving, dividing.

fistuca -ae, f. a rammer, mallet.

fistula -ae, f. a water-pipe; a reed-pipe, shepherd's pipe; 'eburneola', a pitchpipe of ivory.

fistulator -oris, m. one who plays the reed-pipe.

fixus -a -um, partic. from figo; q.v.

flabellum -i, n. a small fan.

flabilis -e, airy.

flabra -orum, n. pl. blasts of wind, breezes.

flacceo -ere, to be flabby; to fail or flag.

flaccesco flaccescere flaccui, to begin to flag, become flabby.

flaccidus -a -um, flabby; weak, languid.

flaccus -a -um, flabby; of men, flap-eared.

Flaccus; see Horatius, and Valerius.

flagello -are, to whip, scourge, beat.

flagellum -i, n. a whip, scourge; the thong of a javelin; a young sprout, vine-shoot; plur. the arms of a polypus; fig., the sting of con- science.

flagitatio -onis, f. an earnest entreaty or demand.

flagitator -oris, m. one who earnestly demands or entreats.

flagitiosus -a -um, shameful, disgraceful, infamous; adv. flagitiose.

flagitium -i, n. a disgraceful action, shameful crime; shame, disgrace; meton., scoundrel, rascal.

flagito -are, to entreat, ask, demand earnestly; to demand to know; to summon before a court of justice.

flagrantia -ae, f. burning, blazing, glittering.

flagritriba -ae, m. one that wears out whips, whipping boy.

flagro -are, to blaze, burn, glow, flame, also to glitter. Transf., to glow or burn with passion; to suffer from, with abl. Hence partic. flagrans -antis, blazing, burning, glittering. Transf., passionate, ardent. Adv. flagranter.

flagrum -i, n. scourge, whip.

flamen (1) -inis, m. the priest of some particular god.

flamen (2) -inis, n. a blowing, blast.

flaminica -ae, f. the wife of a flamen.

Flamininus, a surname in the patrician gens Quinctia; see Quinctius.

flaminium -i, n. the office of a flamen.

Flaminius -a -um, name of a Roman gens.

flamma -ae, f. a flame, blazing fire; Transf.a source of light, torch, star, lightning; luster, glitter; the fire or glow of passion; devouring flame, destruction.

flammeolum -i, n. a small bridal veil.

flammesco -ere, to become inflamed.

flammeus -a -um, fiery, flaming; flashing, fiery-red; n. as subst. flammeum -i, a (flame-colored) bridal veil.

flammifer -fera -ferum, flaming, fiery.

flammo -are: intransit., to flame, blaze, burn; transit., to set on fire, inflame.

flammula -ae, f. little flame.

flatus -us, m. blowing, blast, breathing. Transf. haughtiness, arrogance, gen. in plur.

flavens -entis, yellow or gold-colored.

flavesco -ere, to become yellow or gold-colored.

Flavius -a -um, name of a Roman gens, to which the emperors Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian belonged.

flavus -a -um, gold-colored, yellow.

flebilis -e: pass., lamentable, wretched, deserving tears; act., tearful, doleful. Adv. flebiliter.

flecto flectere flexi flexum, to bend. (1) to alter the shape of, to bow, twist, curve. Transf., to change, alter, influence. (2) to alter the direction of, to turn, wheel; 'vocem', to modulate.

fleo flere flevi fletum: intransit., to weep; to drip, trickle; transit., to weep for, lament, bewail; flendus, to be lamented.

fletus (1) -a -um, partic. of fleo; q.v.

fletus (2) -us, m. weeping, bewailing.

flexibilis -e, that can be bent, flexible; of speech or the voice, adap- table; in bad sense, fickle, changeable.

flexilis -e, flexible, pliant, supple.

flexiloquus -a -um, equivocal, ambiguous.

flexio -onis, f. bending; 'vocis' or 'modorum', modulation of the voice; 'deverticula flexionesque', twists and turns.

flexipes -pedis, crooked-footed, twining.

flexuosus -a -um, full of windings and turnings, crooked.

flexura -ae, f. bending.

flexus (1) -a -um, partic. of flecto; q.v.

flexus (2) -us, m. bending, turning; of the voice, modulation. Transf. change, alteration.

flictus -us, m. striking together, dashing against.

fligo -ere, to beat or dash down.

flo flare flavi flatum, to blow; intransit., of winds, persons and instru- ments; transit., to blow, blow forth; to blow on an instrument; to cast metals, to coin.

floccus -i, m. a flock of wool;'flocci non facere', to think nothing of.

Flora -ae, f. the goddess of flowers, and Spring; adj. Floralis -e, be- longing to Flora; n. pl. as subst. the festival of Flora.

Florentia -ae, f. a town in Etruria (now Florence); adj. Florenitinus -a -um.

floreo -ere -ui, to bloom, flower. Transf., to be in one's prime, to prosper, flourish, be in repute; with abl. to abound in, swarm with. Hence partic. florens -entis, blooming, flourishing.

floresco -ere, to begin to blossom or flourish.

floreus -a -um, made of flowers; rich in flowers, flowery.

floridus -a -um, flowery, blossoming; made of or rich in flowers; of age, fresh, blooming; of speech, flowery, florid.

florifer -fera -ferum, flower-bearing.

florilegus -a -um, culling flowers.

flos floris, m. a flower, blossom. Transf., the prime, flower of any- thing, the best, the pride; on the face, first beard, down; 'vini', bouquet; of speech, ornament.

flosculus -i, m. a little flower. Transf., best part, pride; of speech, ornament.

fluctifragus -a -um, wave-breaking.

fluctuatio -onis, f. moving backwards and forwards, fluctuation; indecision, wavering.

fluctuo -are, to be wave-like, move up and down; sometimes of a glitter- ing effect; of persons and passions, to be tossed about, to waver.

fluctuor -ari, dep. to toss about, waver.

fluctuosus -a -um, full of waves, stormy.

fluctus -us, m. a streaming, flowing. Transf., commotion, disturbance.

fluentum -i, n. running water, a stream.

fluidus -a -um, flowing, fluid. Transf. lax, languid; relaxing.

fluito -are, to flow hither and thither, to float, swim, sail, move up and down, be tossed about. Transf., lax, languid; relaxing.

flumen -inis, n. flowing; hence a river, stream; 'flumine secundo', downstream; 'flumine adverso', upstream; fig., a stream of blood, tears, etc..

flumineus -a -um, of a river.

fluo fluere fluxi fluxum: of fluids, to flow; of a solid object, to flow, drip with any liquid. Transf., in gen., to flow, stream, pour;of abstr. things, to proceed, issue, spread; of circumstances, to tend; of lan- guage, to flow; to sink, droop. Hence pres. partic. fluens -entis, flowing; hence lax; of speech, fluent or diffuse; adv. fluenter, in a flowing manner. Past par- tic. fluxus -a -um, flowing; hence leaky; of solid objects, wa- ving, fluttering, loose; of character, lax, loose, weak; of abstr. things, fleeting, unstable.

fluto -are, to flow, float, swim.

fluvialis -e, of a river.

fluviatilis -e, of a river.

fluvidus -a -um, flowing, fluid.

fluvius -i, m. flowing water; a stream, river.

fluxus -a -um, partic. from fluo; q.v.

focale -is, n. a wrapper for the neck.

focillo -are, to warm up, refresh by warmth.

focula -orum, n. pl. stoves.

foculus -i, m. a brazier.

focus -i, m. a fireplace, hearth; meton., house, family, home; some- times altar-fire or funeral pyre.

fodico -are, to dig, jog; 'latus', to dig in the ribs.

fodio fodere fodi fossum, to dig; also to dig out; to excavate. Transf. to prick, prod, jog.

foecundus, foecundo = fecundus, fecundo; q.v.

foederatus -a -um, confederate, allied.

foedifragus -a -um, treaty-breaking.

foeditas -atis, f. foulness, filthiness.

foedo -are, to make foul, make filthy, defile, disfigure; morally, to dishonor, disgrace.

foedus (1) -a -um, foul, filthy, horrible, disgusting; adv. foede.

foedus (2) -eris, n. a league between states; a compact, covenant, agree- ment. Transf., a law.

foen-; see faen-.

foeteo -ere, to have a bad smell.

foetidus -a -um, having a bad smell, stinking.

foetor -oris, m. a bad smell, stink.

foliatus -a -um, leafy; n. as subst. a salve or oil of spikenard leaves.

folium -i, n. a leaf.

folliculus -i, m. a little sack or bag.

follis -is, m. a leather bag; a pair of bellows; a purse; a puffed-out cheek.

fomentum -i, n. a poultice, fomentation. Transf., alleviation.

fomes -itis, m. touchwood, tinder.

fons fontis, m. a spring, fountain; fresh or spring water. Transf. spring, origin, source.

fontanus -a -um, of a spring or fountain.

Fonteius -a -um, name of a Roman gens.

fonticulus -i, m. a little fountain or spring.

for fari fatus, dep. to speak, say; also to speak of.

forabilis -e, that can be bored through, penetrable.

foramen -inis, n. hole, opening, aperture.

foras, out of doors, forth, out; '(scripta) foras dare', to publish.

forceps -cipis, m. and f., a pair of tongs, pincers.

forda -ae, f. a cow in calf.

fore, forem, used as fut. infin. and imperf. subj. of sum; q.v.

forensis -e, relating to the market or forum; hence of the business of the Roman forum, esp. legal.

forfex -ficis, f. a pair of shears or scissors.

foris (1) -is, f. a door; plur. fores, folding-doors. Transf., any opening, entrance.

foris (2) adv. (1) situated out of doors, outside, without; sometimes, abroad, outside Rome. (2) from without, from abroad.

forma -ae, f. form, figure, shape; beautiful shape, beauty; image, likeness; a shape serving as a model, e.g. a shoemaker's last; a mold, stamp; abstr., form, manner, type; in logic, species; outline, general notion.

formalis -e, formal, having a set form.

formamentum -i, n. conformation.

formator -oris, m. a fashioner.

formatura -ae, f. forming, shaping.

Formiae -arum, f. town on the coast of Latium; adj. Formianus -a -um.

formica -ae, f. ant.

formidabilis -e, fearful, formidable.

formido (1) -are, to be terrified, to dread.

formido (2) -inis, f. dread, terror; meton., source of fear, dreadful- ness, awfulness; a scarecrow.

formidolosus -a -um: act., causing dread, terrible, fearful; pass., fear- ful, timid. Adv. formidolose, dreadfully, terribly.

formo -are, to form, shape, fashion; to arrange, order, regulate, dispose.

formositas -atis, f. beauty.

formosus -a -um, beautifully formed, beautiful; adv. formose.

formula -ae, f. physical beauty; legal, set form, formula; esp. the form of an alliance; in gen., rule, principle.

fornacalis -e, of an oven.

fornacula -ae, f. a little oven.

fornax -acis, f. oven, furnace, kiln; 'Aetnae', the crater.

fornicatus -a -um, arched, vaulted.

fornix -icis, m. arch, vault; arcade; milit., an arched sallyport.

fornus; = furnus; q.v.

foro -are, to bore, pierce.

fors, chance, luck; in nom. fors, also forsit (fors sit), forsan (fors an), and forsitan (fors sit an), perhaps, perchance; abl. forte, by chance, accidentally, as it happened.

fortasse (fortassis), perhaps.

forte; see fors.

forticulus -a -um, fairly bold.

fortis -e, physically, strong, powerful, robust; morally, brave, courage- ous, steadfast; 'fortes fortuna adiuvat', fortune favors the brave; in bad sense, bold, audacious. Adv. fortiter, strongly, bravely.

fortitudo -inis, f. physical strength, moral bravery, courage; plur., deeds of bravery.

fortuitus -a -um, accidental, casual, fortuitous, unpremeditated; n. pl. as subst. chance occurrences. Abl. sing. as adv. fortuito, by chance, fortuitously.

fortuna -ae, f. chance, fate, lot, luck, fortune; 'fortuna prospera, secunda', good fortune; 'adversa', misfortune. Transf., lot, condition, state, mode of life; property, possessions.

fortuno -are, to make happy, bless, prosper. Hence partic. fortunatus -a -um, blessed, lucky, fortunate; well off, wealthy, rich. Adv. fortunate, happily, fortunately.

foruli -orum, m. a bookcase.

forum -i, n. an open square, marketplace; 'forum bovarium', or 'boarium', the cattle-market; 'forum holitorium', the vegetable-market; 'forum piscarium', or 'piscatorium', fish-market; in gen., a place of public business, commercial, political and judicial, esp. in Rome. Transf., of the business transacted in a forum; 'forum agere', to hold an assize; 'forum attingere', to apply oneself to public business.

forus -i, m. the gangway of a ship; a block of seats in the theater; plur., tiers of cells in a beehive.

fossa -ae, f. ditch, trench, channel.

fossio -onis, f. digging, excavation.

fossor -oris, m. a digger, delver; a boor, clown.

fossura -ae, f. digging.

fotus, partic. of foveo; q.v.

fovea -ae, f. a pit, esp. a trap for game, a pitfall.

foveo fovere fovi fotum, to warm, keep warm, caress; fig., to stay con- stantly in a place; in gen., to foster, cherish, support, encourage.

fractus -a -um, partic. from frango; q.v.

fraga -orum, n. pl. strawberries.

fragilis -e, crackling; easily broken, fragile. Transf., fleeting, transitory; weak, feeble.

fragilitas -atis, f. frailty, weakness.

fragmen -minis, n. a breaking; hence, usually plur., fragments, remains, ruins.

fragmentum -i, n. a piece broken off, fragment.

fragor -oris, m. a breaking; a noise of breaking, crack, crash.

fragosus -a -um, crashing, roaring; fragile; broken, rough.

fragro -are, to emit a smell, esp. a sweet smell; pres. partic. fragrans -antis, sweet-smelling, fragrant.

fragum; see fraga.

frango frangere fregi fractum, to break, break in pieces, shatter; 'gulam laqueo', to strangle; 'fruges saxo', to grind; 'diem morantem mero', to shorten; of persons, passions, etc., to master, subdue, humble; 'frangi animo', to be discouraged. Hence partic. fractus -a -um, broken, humbled, enfeebled.

frater -tris, m. a brother; 'frater germanus', own brother; 'fratres', brothers and sisters; also a cousin or brother-in-law; Transf., a comrade, compatriot, ally.

fraterculus -i, m. little brother.

fraternitas -atis, f. brotherhood, fraternity.

fraternus -a -um, of a brother, brotherly, fraternal; sometimes of a cousin. Transf., of a related person; of some thing related to another. Adv. fraterne, in a brotherly manner, like a brother.

fratricida -ae, m. one who kills a brother, a fratricide.

fraudatio -onis, f. deceit, fraud, swindling.

fraudator -oris, m. deceiver, swindler.

fraudo -are, to cheat, defraud, swindle; to steal, embezzle.

fraudulentia -ae, f. deceitfulness.

fraudulentus -a -um, deceitful, fraudulent.

fraus fraudis, f: act., deceit, fraud; 'sine fraude', honorably; in gen., a crime, offence; delusion, error; damage, harm; 'sine fraude', without harm.

fraxineus -a -um, of ash wood, ashen.

fraxinus (1) -i, f. an ash tree; meton., a spear or javelin, with a shaft of ash wood.

fraxinus (2) -a -um, of ash wood, ashen.

Fregellae -arum, f. town of the Volsci, in Latium.

fremebundus -a -um, roaring, murmuring.

fremitus -us, m. roaring, murmuring, growling.

fremo -ere -ui -itum, to roar, murmur, growl; with acc. to murmur out something, grumble, complain.

fremor -oris, m. roaring, murmuring.

frendo -ere: intransit., to gnash the teeth; transit., to crush, bruise, grind.

freni -orum, m.: see frenum.

freno -are, to bridle, curb, restrain, check.

frenum -i, n., usually plur. frena -orum, n.: also freni -orum, m. bridle, reins, bit, curb. Transf., restraint.

frequens -entis, crowded, numerous, full; of places, full, frequented, populous; of time, repeated, frequent, constant; of persons, often doing a thing; of things, often done or used. Adv. frequenter, in large numbers; frequently, often.

frequentatio -onis, f. frequency, crowding.

frequentia -ae, f.: of persons, a large concourse, numerous assembly, popu- lation; of things, a large number, abundance.

frequento -are, to crowd; of number, to collect in large numbers; to fill a place with people or things; to do a thing in crowds or with a crowd; of time, to do or use a thing frequently; 'domum', to visit often; 'Hymenaee! frequentant', they repeat.

fretum -i, n. a strait, sound, estuary, firth, channel; 'fretum Siciliae, fretum Siciliense', or 'fretum', the Straits of Messina; the sea in gen., usually plur.; fig., disturbance, turmoil.

fretus (1) -a -um, relying on, confiding in, with abl.

fretus (2) -us, m. a strait; an interval, difference.

frico fricare fricui frictum and fricatum, to rub, rub down.

frigeo -ere, to be cold; to be inactive, lifeless, dull; colloq., to be coldly received, fall flat.

frigesco -ere, to become cold or dull.

frigidulus -a -um, somewhat cold or faint.

frigidus -a -um, cold, cool, chilly; f. sing. as subst. cold water. Transf., in act. sense, chilling, causing cold; fig., cold, dull, lifeless; of speech, flat. Adv. frigide, coldly; languidly, feebly.

frigo frigere frixi frictum, to roast, parch.

frigus -oris, n. cold, coolness; the cold of winter; a cold place; the cold of death or fright. Transf., coldness in action, dullness, indolence; a cold reception, coolness, disfavor.

friguttio -ire, to stammer.

frio -are, to rub, crumble.

fritillus -i, m. a dice-box.

frivolus -a -um, trifling, worthless; n. pl. as subst. sticks of furniture.

frondator -oris, m. a pruner of trees.

frondeo -ere, to be in leaf, be leafy.

frondesco -ere, to come into leaf, put forth leaves.

frondeus -a -um, leafy.

frondifer -fera -ferum, leaf-bearing, leafy.

frondosus -a -um, full of leaves, leafy.

frons (1) frondis, f. a leaf, foliage; meton., a chaplet or crown of leaves.

frons (2) frontis, f. the forehead, brow; 'frontem contrahere', to frown. Transf., in gen., the front, forepart; milit., the van; the outside end of a book roll; frontage (in measuring land).

frontalia -ium, n. pl. the frontlet of a horse.

fronto -onis, m. a man with a broad forehead.

fructuarius -a -um, fruit-bearing, fruitful.

fructuosus -a -um, fruitful, fertile.

fructus -us, m.: abstr., enjoyment, enjoying; concr., proceeds, profit, produce, income; esp. the fruits of the earth.

frugalis -e, frugal, economical, honest; adv. frugaliter.

frugalitas -atis, f. frugality, economy, honesty; of style, restraint.

frugi; see frux.

frugifer -fera -ferum, fruitful, fertile; profitable, advantageous.

frugiferens -entis, fruitful, fertile.

frugilegus -a -um, collecting grain.

frugiparus -a -um, fruitful, prolific.

frumentarius -a -um, of grain or corn; 'res', the supply of corn; m. as subst. a corn-merchant.

frumentatio -onis, f. a foraging; a distribution of corn.

frumentator -oris, m. a forager or a provider of corn.

frumentor -ari, dep. to forage, fetch corn.

frumentum -i, n. corn, grain.

fruor frui fructus and fruitus, dep. to have the benefit of, to enjoy, usually with abl.; 'votis', to obtain one's wishes; as legal t.t., to have the use and enjoyment of.

frustillatim, bit by bit.

frustra, in error; 'frustra esse', to be deceived, mistaken. Transf., in vain, without effect; wantonly, without reason.

frustramen -inis, n. deception.

frustratio -onis, f. deception, disappointment, frustration.

frustro -are and frustror -ari, dep. to disappoint, deceive, trick.

frustum -i, n. a bit, piece, morsel.

frutex -ticis, m. a shrub, bush; as a term of reproach, blockhead.

fruticetum, -i, n. a thicket.

frutico -are and fruticor -ari, dep. to shoot out, become bushy.

fruticosus -a -um, bushy or full of bushes.

frux frugis, f., usually plur. fruges -um, fruits of the earth; in gen., fruits, success; 'ad bonam frugem se recipere', to improve oneself. Dat. sing. frugi, used as adj., useful, honest, discreet, moderate.

fuco -are, to color, paint, dye; fig., to color, embellish. Hence partic. fucatus -a -um, painted; counterfeited, simulated.

fucosus -a -um, painted; simulated, counterfeited.

fucus (1) -i, m. red or purple dye; red or purple color; rouge; in gen., paint, dye of any color; bee-glue. Transf., deceit, pretence.

fucus (2) -i, m. a drone bee.

Fufius -a -um, name of a Roman gens.

fuga -ae, f. flight, running away; esp. flight from one's country, exile, banishment. Transf., swift course, speed; avoiding (with genit.).

fugax -acis, ready to flee, flying; speeding, fleeting, transitory; with genit., avoiding. Hence compar. adv. fugacius.

fugio fugere fugi fugitum, to flee. Intransit., to take to flight, run away; to pass away, disappear. Transit., to flee from, run away from, avoid; with infin., 'fuge quaerere', do not seek; of things, to es- cape the notice of a person. Hence partic. fugiens -entis, fleeing; avoiding, with genit.; flee- ting, deteriorating.

fugitivus -a -um, flying, fugitive; m. as subst., a fugitive, esp. a runaway slave.

fugito -are, to flee; transit., to fly from, avoid, shun. Hence partic. fugitans -antis, fleeing; with genit., avoiding.

fugo -are, to put to flight, chase away; drive into exile, to dismiss, avert.

fulcimen -inis, n. a prop, support, pillar.

fulcio fulcire fulsi fultum, to prop up, support; to strengthen, secure; morally, to support, stay, uphold.

fulcrum -i, n. the post or foot of a couch.

fulgeo fulgere fulsi, to flash, to lighten; in gen., to shine, glitter gleam; fig., to be distinguished, to shine.

fulgidus -a -um, shining, gleaming, glittering.

fulgo -ere = fulgeo; q.v.

fulgor -oris, m. lightning; in gen., glitter, brightness; fig., brightness, glory.

fulgur -uris, n. a flash or stroke of lightning; sometimes an object struck by lightning; in gen., brightness.

fulguralis -e, relating to lightning.

fulgurator -oris, m. a priest who interpreted omens from lightning.

fulguritus -a -um, struck by lightning.

fulguro -are, to lighten; to shine, be brilliant.

fulica -ae, f. a coot.

fuligo -inis, f. soot; powder for darkening the eyebrows.

fullo -onis, m. a cloth-fuller.

fullonica -ae, f. the art of fulling.

fulmen -inis, n. a stroke of lightning, a thunderbolt. Transf., a crushing calamity; mighty or irresistible power.

fulmineus -a -um, of lightning; like lightning, rapid or destructive.

fulmino -are, to lighten.

fultura -ae, f. support, prop, stay.

Fulvius -a -um, name of a Roman gens.

fulvus -a -um, tawny, yellowish brown.

fumeus -a -um, smoky, full of smoke.

fumidus -a -um, smoky, full of smoke.

fumifer -fera -ferum, smoky.

fumificus -a -um, causing smoke.

fumo -are, to smoke, steam, reek.

fumosus -a -um, smoked.

fumus -i, m. smoke, steam, vapor.

funalis -e, attached to a rope. N. as subst. funale -is, the thong of a sling; a wax torch.

funambulus -i, m. a rope-dancer.

functio -onis, f. performance, execution.

funda -ae, f. a sling; a sling-stone; a casting-net.

fundamen -inis, n. usually plur., a foundation, basis.

fundamentum -i, n. usually plur., a foundation, basis.

fundator -oris, m. founder.

fundito -are, to sling.

funditor -oris, m. a soldier with a sling, a slinger.

funditus, from the bottom; completely, entirely; at the bottom, below.

fundo (1) fundere fudi fusum: of liquids, to pour, pour out; of metals, to melt, cast. Transf., to pour out, shower, give abundantly; to squander; 'se fundere', to rush, stream; of sounds, to utter; with emphasis on distribution, to spread, extend, scatter; milit., to rout, defeat, scatter, put to flight. Hence partic. fusus -a -um, spread out, extended; 'crines', flowing free; of speech, diffuse; adv. fuse, widely, copiously.

fundo (2) -are, to lay the foundation of, to found; also to make firm, to strengthen. Hence partic. fundatus -a -um, founded, firm.

fundus -i, m. ground; the bottom or base of anything; a farm, estate.

funebris -e, of a funeral, funereal; deadly, destructive.

funereus -a -um, of a funeral, funereal; fatal, ill-omened.

funero -are, to bury solemnly, inter with the funeral rites; partic. funeratus -a -um, done to death.

funesto -are, to defile or pollute with death.

funestus -a -um: pass., filled with mourning, defiled by death; act., fatal, disastrous, deadly.

funginus -a -um, of a mushroom.

fungor fungi functus, dep. to occupy oneself with anything, to perform, execute, undergo, usually with abl.; absol. in special sense, to be affected, suffer.

fungus -i, m. a mushroom, fungus; a dull, stupid fellow; a 'thief' in the wick of a candle. a candlesnuff.

funiculus -i, m. thin rope, cord, string.

funis -is, m. rope, cord, line.

funus -eris, n. a funeral, burial. Transf., the corpse; death; destruc- tion, ruin; a cause of ruin.

fuo fui futurus, etc.; see sum.

fur furis, c. a thief.

furax -acis, inclined to steal, thievish. Hence superl. adv. furacissime, most thievishly.

furca -ae, f. a (two-pronged) fork, a pitchfork; a fork-shaped prop or pole; an instrument of punishment, with two prongs to which the arms were tied; geograph., a narrow pass.

furcifer -fera -ferum, carrying the furca as a punishment; applied to slaves, gallows-bird.

furcilla -ae, f. a little fork.

furcillo -are, to support.

furcula -ae, f. a little fork; a fork-shaped prop; geograph., a narrow pass, esp. of the Caudine forks.

furfur -uris, m. bran; scales, scurf on the skin.

furia -ae, f., usually plur., rage, frenzy, madness, passion; personif., of the mythological Furies, avenging deities; fig., of persons.

furialis -e, furious, raging, frenzied; belonging to the Furies; adv. furialiter, furiously, madly.

furibundus -a -um, raging, furious, inspired.

furio -are, to make furious, madden; partic., furiatus -a -um, raging.

furiosus -a -um, raging, raving, mad, furious; adv. furiose.

Furius -a -um, name of a Roman gens.

furnus -i, m. an oven, bakehouse.

furo -ere, to rage, rave, be mad; often of impassioned persons, to rave, be frantic; 'furere aliqua', to be madly in love with.Adv. from partic. furenter, furiously.

furor (1) -ari, dep. to steal, pilfer; fig., to steal away, withdraw; to counterfeit, personate.

furor (2) -oris, m. madness, raving, insanity; furious anger, martial rage; passionate love; inspiration, poetic or prophetic frenzy; meton., an ob- ject of passion.

furtificus -a -um, thievish.

furtim, adv. by stealth, stealthily.

furtivus -a -um, stolen; secret, concealed, furtive. Adv. furtive.

furtum -i, n. theft, robbery; in plur., stolen property; fig., under- hand methods, trick, deceit, esp. secret or stolen love.

furunculus -i, m. a sneak thief, pilferer.

furvus -a -um, dark-colored, black.

fuscina -ae, f. a three-pronged fork, trident.

fusco -are, to darken, blacken.

fuscus -a -um, dark-colored; of the voice, indistinct.

fusilis -e, molten, liquid, soft.

fusio -onis, f. pouring out, outpouring.

fustis -is, m. a stick, cudgel, club.

fustuarium -i, n. cudgelling to death.

fusus (1) -a -um, partic. from fundo; q.v.

fusus (2) -i, m. a spindle.

futatim, abundantly.

futtilis and futilis -e, brittle; vain, worthless, good for nothing.

futtilitas and futilitas -atis, f. worthlessness, folly, silliness.

futurus -a -um, used as future partic. of sum; q.v.