Glossary of Latin Terms H


ha! hahae! hahahae!, exclamations of joy or amusement.

habena -ae, f. a strap; a bridle, reins (esp. in plur.); 'habenas dare', to loosen the reins; 'adducere', to tighten in.

habeo -ere -ui -itum, to have, hold; to have about one, carry, wear; to con- tain; more generally, to possess, have power over; absol., to possess property, be wealthy; of places, to own, inhabit, or rule over; of per- sons, to keep, esp. in a certain state or relation. Transf., 'habere in animo', to have in mind, intend; 'habes consilia nostra', you know of 'habeo dicere', I have it in my power to say; 'bonum animum habere', to be of good courage; 'odium', to cherish hatred; 'invidiam', to exper- ience ill-will; 'misericordiam', to involve or cause pity; 'concilium', to hold a council; 'orationem', to make a speech; with reflex., to keep oneself, be in a condition; 'graviter se habere', to be ill; 'ut nunc res se habet', as things now are; intransit., 'bene habet', all right; with adv., rarely, to use, manage, treat; with double acc., or dat., or pro and abl. to hold, consider, regard in a certain light. Perf. partic. habitus -a -um, disposed; in a certain condition (physical or men- tal).

habilis -e, easily managed, handy; suitable, fit, convenient.

habilitas -atis, f. aptitude, suitability.

habitabilis -e, habitable.

habitatio -onis, f. dwelling, habitation.

habitator -oris, m. inhabitant.

habito -are: transit., to inhabit; intransit., to dwell.

habitudo -inis, f. condition.

habitus (1) -a -um, partic. from habeo; q.v.

habitus (2) -us, m. condition, habit, bearing; of dress, style; of places, lie of the land; abstr., nature, character, disposition, at- titude.

hac, adv. from hic; q.v.

hactenus, as far as this, so far (and no farther); hitherto; up to this point.

Hadria -ae, f. a town in the north of Italy; m. the Adriatic Sea. Adj. Hadriacus and Hadriaticus -a -um, Adriatic.

Hadrianus -i, m. P. Aelius, Roman emperor from A.D. 117 to 138.

haedilia -ae, f. a little kid.

haedillus -i, m. a little kid.

haedinus -a -um, of a kid.

haedulus -i, m. a little kid.

haedus -i, m. a kid, young goat.

Haemonia -ae, f. an old name of Thessaly; adj. Haemonius -a -um, Thes- salian; f. subst. Haemonis -nidis, a Thessalian woman.

haereo haerere haesi haesum. (1) to stick, cleave, adhere, hang on to a person or thing. (2) to come to a standstill, get stuck; be embarrassed.

haeresco -ere, to adhere, stick.

haesitantia -ae, f. faltering; 'lingua', stammering.

haesitatio -onis, f.: in speech, hesitation, stammering; mentally, hesitation, indecision.

haesito -are, to stick fast, to hesitate; in speech, to stammer; mentally, to be undecided, be at a loss.

halec; see allec.

haliaeetos -i, m. sea-eagle, osprey.

halitus -us, m. breath, vapor.

hallex -icis, m. thumb or big toe.

halo -are, to breathe out, exhale.

haluc-; see aluc-.

hama (ama) -ae, f. bucket, esp. fireman's bucket.

Hamadryas -adis, f. a wood-nymph, hamadryad.

hamatus -a -um, provided with hooks, hooked; curved like a hook, crooked.

Hamilcar -caris, m. father of Hannibal.

hamiota -ae, m. an angler.

Hammon; see Ammon.

hamus -i, m. a hook, esp. a fish-hook; a talon; a thorn.

Hannibal -balis, m. leader of the Carthaginians in the second Punic War.

hara -ae, f. a pen or coop; a pig-sty.

harena (arena) -ae, f. sand; hence the sea-shore; the arena.

harenarius -a -um, relating to sand, sandy.

harenosus -a -um, sandy.

hariolor -ari, dep. to utter prophecies. Transf., to talk nonsense.

hariolus -i, m. and hariola -ae, f. a soothsayer, prophet.

harmonia -ae, f. melody, concord, harmony.

harpago -onis, m. a large hook, drag, grappling-iron.

harpe -es, f. a curved sword, scimitar.

Harpyiae (trisyll.) -arum, f. pl. the Harpies, mythical monsters.

harundifer -fera -ferum, reed-bearing.

harundineus -a -um, reedy; 'carmen', a shepherd's song.

harundinosus -a -um, full of reeds.

harundo -inis, f. a reed; meton., for an object made of reed, a fishing rod; limed twigs for catching birds; a pen; the shaft of an arrow, or the arrow itself; a shepherd's pipe; a flute; a weaver's comb; a plaything for children, a hobby-horse.

haruspex -spicis, m. soothsayer; a seer, prophet.

haruspicinus -a -um, concerned with divination; f. as subst., divination.

haruspicium -i, n. inspection of entrails, divination.

Hasdrubal (Asdrubal) -balis, m. the brother of Hannibal.

hasta -ae, f. a spear, pike, javelin; milit., and in ceremonial use, at public auctions and weddings.

hastatus -a -um, armed with a spear; m. pl. as subst., hastati -orum, the front rank of the Roman army when drawn up for battle.

hastile -is, n. the shaft of a spear; a spear; a prop for vines, etc..

hau, interj. oh!.

haud (haut), not, not at all, by no means.

hauddum, not at all as yet, not yet.

haudquaquam, by no means, not at all.

haurio haurire hausi haustum, to draw up, draw out or in; to drink up, absorb, swallow; to shed blood; to drain, empty a receptacle; in gen., to derive, take in; also to exhaust, weaken, waste.

haustrum -i, n. a pump.

haustus -us, m. drawing of water; legal, the right to draw water; of air, inhaling; of drink, drinking, a draught; of solids, a hand- ful.

haut; see haud.

haveo; see aveo.

hebdomas -adis, f. seventh day of a disease (supposed critical).

Hebe -es, f. the cup-bearer of the gods.

hebenus -i, f. the ebon tree; ebony.

hebeo -ere, to be blunt, dull, heavy, inactive.

hebes -etis, blunt, dull; faint, sluggish, weak; mentally, dull, heavy, stupid.

hebesco -ere, to become blunt, dull, dim.

hebeto -are, to make blunt or dull, to deaden, dim.

Hebraeus -a -um, Hebrew, Jewish.

Hebrus -i, m. the chief river of Thrace.

Hecate -es, f. goddess of magic and enchantment; adj. Hecateius -a -um and f. Hecateis -idis, Hecatean, magical.

hecatombe -es, f. a hecatomb.

Hector -toris, m. son of Priam, husband of Andromache; adj. Hectoreus -a -um.

Hecuba -ae and Hecube -es, f. wife of Priam.

hedera -ae, f. ivy.

hedychrum -i, n. a fragrant ointment.

hei; see ei.

Helena -ae, and Helene -es, f. wife to Menelaus, carried off by Paris to Troy.

Helice -es, f. a constellation, the Great Bear.

Helicon -onis, m. a hill in Boeotia, sacred to Apollo and the Muses; adj. Heliconius -a -um; subst. Heliconiades and Heliconides -um, f. the Muses.

Helle -es, f. a girl drowned in the Hellespont, so named after her.

helleborus; see elleborus.

Hellespontus -i, m. the Hellespont, Dardanalles.

helluo (heluo) -onis, m. glutton, squanderer.

helluor (heluor) -ari, dep. to guzzle, gormandize.

helops (elops, ellops) -opis, m. a fish, perhaps sturgeon.

helvella -ae, f. a small pot-herb.

Helvetii -orum, m. the Helvetii, a people in what is now Switzerland.

hem, interj. well! just look!.

hemerodromus -i, m. a special courier, express.

hemicillus -i, m. mule.

hemicyclium -i, n. a semicircle (of seats).

hemina -ae, f. a measure of capacity, about half a pint.

hendecasyllabi -orum, m. pl. verses of eleven syllables, hendecasyllables.

Henna (Enna) -ae, f. city of Sicily, with a temple of Ceres; adj. Hennensis -e and Hennaeus -a -um.

hepteris -is, f. a galley with seven banks of oars.

hera; see era.

Hera -ae, f. the Greek goddess identified with the Roman Juno; Heraea -orum, n. pl. her festival.

herba -ae, f. vegetation; a green plant; a blade or stalk, esp. of corn or grass.

herbesco -ere, to grow into blades or stalks.

herbidus -a -um, grassy.

herbifer -fera -ferum, grassy.

herbosus -a -um, grassy.

herbula -ae, f. a little herb.

hercisco (ercisco) -ere, to divide an inheritance.

Hercle; see Hercules.

herctum -i, n. an inheritance;'herctum ciere', to divide an inheritance.

Herculaneum -i, n. town in Campania, destroyed by eruption of Vesuvius.

Hercules -is and -i, m. the son of Jupiter and Alcmena; voc. Hercules or Hercule or Hercle, used as an oath, by Hercules; so also mehercules, mehercule, mehercle; adj. Herculeus and Herculaneus -a -um.

Hercynia silva -ae, f. the Hercynian forest, in central Germany.

here; see heri.

hereditarius -a -um, of an inheritance; inherited, hereditary.

hereditas -atis, f. inheritance.

heredium -i, n. patrimony.

heres (haeres) -edis, c. an heir, heiress, successor; an owner.

heri (here), yesterday.

herifuga; see erifuga.

herilis; see erilis.

hermaphroditus -i, m. hermaphrodite.

Hermes or Herma -ae, m. the god Hermes, identified with the Roman Mercury.

Hero -us, f. a priestess of Sestos, loved by Leander.

Herodes -is, m. Herod; esp. Herod the Great.

Herodotus -i, m. the Greek historian, born 484 B.C..

heroicus -a -um, relating to the heroes, heroic.

heroina -ae, f. a demigoddess, heroine.

herois -idis, f. a demigoddess, heroine.

heros -ois, m. a demigod, hero.

herous -a -um, of a hero, heroic; m. as subst., a hexameter.

herus; see erus.

Hesiodus -i, m. an early Greek poet of Boeotia.

Hesperus or -os -i, m. the Evening Star; adj. Hesperius -a -um, western. f. as subst. Hesperia -ae, the western land; Italy or Spain; f. adj. Hesperis -idis, western; f. subst. Hesper- ides -um, daughters of Hesperus, living in the extreme west.

hesternus -a -um, of yesterday.

hetairia -ae, f. a secret society.

heu, interj. oh! alas!.

heus, hallo! ho, there! hark!.

hexameter -tri, m.: adj., with six feet (of meter); as subst., a hexameter.

hexeris -is, f. a galley with six banks of oars.

hiatus -us, m. a cleft, opening; the opening of the mouth, open jaws; hence gaping after, desire for; gram. hiatus.

Hiber -eris, m. an Iberian, Spaniard; plur. Hiberes -erum, and Hiberi -orum, m. Spaniards; Hiberus -i, m. the river Ebro; Hiberia -ae, Spain; adj. Hibericus -a -um and Hiberus -a -um, Spanish.

hiberna -orum, n. pl.; see hibernus.

hibernaculum -i, n.: in pl., tents or huts for winter quarters.

Hibernia -ae, f. Ireland.

hiberno -are, to winter, spend the winter.

hibernus -a -um, wintry, of winter; like winter, cold or stormy, wintering; for the winter; n. pl. as subst. winter quarters.

hibiscum -i, n. marsh-mallow.

hibrida (hybrida) -ae, f. a hybrid.

hic (1) haec hoc, this, this one; this present; in court, my client; strengthened form hice, haece, hoce; interrog. hicine, haecine, hocine.

hic (2) here; in this place, in this matter; hereupon; strengthened hice and interrog. hicine.

hiemalis -e, of winter; wintry, stormy.

hiemo -are. (1) to winter, spend the winter. (2) to be stormy.

hiems (hiemps) -emis, f. winter; the cold of winter; stormy weather, storm.

Hierosolyma -orum, n. pl. Jerusalem.

hilaris -e, and hilarus -a -um, cheerful, merry, gay; n. acc. sing. as adv. hilare, cheerfully.

hilaritas -atis, f. cheerfulness, gaiety.

hilaro -are, to make joyful, to cheer up.

hilarulus -a -um, gay, cheerful.

hillae -arum, f. pl. intestines of animals; a kind of sausage.

Hilotae and Ilotae -arum, m. pl. the Helots, slaves of the Spartans.

hilum -i, n. a trifle; with neg. not a whit, not in the least.

hinc, adv. from here, hence; 'hinc atque illinc', on this side and that; of causation, hence, from this cause; of time, henceforth, or thereupon.

hinnio -ire, to neigh, whinny.

hinnitus -us, m. neighing.

hinnuleus -i, m. a young roebuck, fawn.

hinnus -i, m. a mule.

hio -are, to open, stand open; to gape esp. in astonishment and longing; of speech, to hang together badly; with acc. object, to pour forth.

hippagogi -orum, m. pl. transports for cavalry.

Hippias -ae, m. son of Pisistratus, tyrant of Athens.

hippocentaurus -i, m. a centaur.

Hippocrates -is, m. a physician of Cos (flourishing about 430 B.C.).

Hippocrene -es, f. a fountain on Mount Helicon.

hippodromos -i, m. a hippodrome racecourse.

Hippolytus -i, m. son of Theseus.

hippotoxota -ae, m. a mounted archer.

hippurus -i, m. a fish, perhaps goldfish.

hircinus -a -um, of a goat; goatlike.

hircosus -a -um, of a goat; goatlike.

hircus -i, m. a he-goat.

hirnea -ae, f. a can or jug.

hirsutus -a -um, hairy, shaggy, rough; unadorned.

Hirtius -a -um, name of a Roman gens.

hirtus -a -um, hairy, shaggy, rough, uncultivated.

hirudo -inis, f. leech.

hirundo -inis, f. swallow.

hisco -ere, to open, split open, gape; to open the mouth.

Hispani -orum, m. pl. the Spaniards; Hispania -ae, f. the whole of the Spanish peninsula; adj. Hispaniensis -e, and Hispanus -a -um.

hispidus -a -um, rough, hairy, bristly.

hister; = histrio. q.v.

Hister (Ister) -tri, m. name of the lower part of the Danube.

historia -ae, f. inquiry; the results of inquiry; learning; historical narrative, history; in gen., narrative, story.

historicus -a -um, of history, historical; m. as subst. a historian.

histricus -a -um, of actors.

histrio -onis, m. an actor.

histrionalis -e, of actors.

hiulco -are, to cause to gape, split.

hiulcus -a -um, gaping, cleft, open; gaping with desire, longing; of speech, badly put together; adv. hiulce, with hiatus.

hodie, today; at present, still, even now; at once.

hodiernus -a -um, of today.

holitor -oris, m. a kitchen-gardener.

holitorius -a -um, of herbs; 'forum', vegetable market.

holus (olus) -eris, n. vegetable, pot-herb.

Homerus -i, m. Homer, the Greek epic poet.

homicida -ae, c. a murderer, murderess, homicide.

homicidium -i, n. murder, homicide.

homo -inis, c. a human being, man, mortal; in pl., men, people, the world; used like a pronoun, he, him; milit., in pl., infantry.

homullus -i, m. a little man, manikin.

homuncio -onis, m. a little man, manikin.

homunculus -i, m. a little man, manikin.

honestas -atis, f. (1) honor, repute, respectability; in pl., nota- bilities. (2) worth, virtue, probity. (3) beauty.

honesto -are, to honor, adorn, dignify.

honestus -a -um. (1) honored, in good repute, respectable. (2) honorable, proper, virtuous; n. as subst.morality, virtue.(3) fine, beautiful. Adv. honeste, respectably; honorably; properly.

honor; see honos.

honorabilis -e, respectful.

honorarius -a -um, done or given as an honor.

honorificus -a -um, causing honor, honoring; adv. honorifice.

honoro -are, to honor, show honor to, adorn, dignify; partic. honoratus -a -um, honored, distinguished, respected, or in act. sense, conferring honor; adv. honorate.

honorus -a -um, honorable.

honos and honor -oris, m. honor, a mark of honor or respect, distinction; 'honoris causa', with due respect, or to honor, or for the sake of; per- sonif., Honor; frequently, an office of dignity, a public office; also an offering to the gods, sacrifice; poet., beauty, grace.

hoplomachus -i, m. a gladiator.

hora -ae, f. an hour, the twelfth part of a day or night; 'hora quota est?' what time is it?; 'in horam vivere', to live for the moment; in gen., time, season; in plur. a clock, dial; personif., the Hours, goddes- ses who presided over the seasons.

Horatius -a -um, name of a Roman gens.

hordeum -i, n. barley.

horia -ae, f. a small fishing boat.

hornotinus -a -um, of this year, this year's.

hornus -a -um, of this year, this year's; adv. horno, this year.

horologium -i, n. a clock; a sundial or water-clock.

horreo -ere, to bristle, be rough; of the hair, to stand on end; of persons, to shudder, dread. Gerundive as adj. horrendus -a -um, hor- rible, dreadful; awful, worthy of reverence.

horresco horrescere horrui, to stand on end, bristle, be rough; of persons, to tremble, shudder, begin to dread.

horreum -i, n. a barn, granary, storehouse.

horribilis -e, horrible, frightful, dreadful; colloq., astonishing, wonderful.

horridulus -a -um, somewhat rough, unadorned.

horridus -a -um, rough, shaggy, bristly; shivering with cold. Transf., wild, savage; unpolished, uncouth; frightful, horrible. Adv. horride, roughly.

horrifer -fera -ferum, causing shudders of cold or fear.

horrifico -are, to make rough; to terrify.

horrificus -a -um, causing terror, dreadful; adv. horrifice.

horrisonus -a -um, sounding dreadfully.

horror -oris, m. bristling, shuddering; roughness of speech; dread, fright, esp. religious dread, awe; meton., object of dread, a terror.

horsum, in this direction.

hortamen -inis, n. exhortation, encouragement, incitement.

hortamentum -i, n. exhortation, encouragement, incitement.

hortatio -onis, f. exhortation, encouragement, incitement.

hortativus -a -um, of encouragement.

hortator -oris, m. an inciter, encourager.

hortatus -us, m. incitement, encouragement.

Hortensius -a -um, name of a Roman gens.

hortor -ari, dep. to exhort, incite, encourage; esp. to harangue troops.

hortulus -i, m. a little garden; plur. grounds, a small park.

hortus -i, m. a garden; in plur. grounds, park.

hospes -pitis, m. and hospita -ae, f. (1) a host, hostess. (2) a guest. (3) a guest-friend, friend. (4) a stranger; used also like adj., foreign.

hospitalis -e, of a guest or host; friendly, hospitable; adv. hospitali- ter.

hospitalitas -atis, f. hospitality.

hospitium -i, n. hospitality; meton., a guest-chamber, inn, quarters.

hostia -ae, f. an animal slain in sacrifice, a victim.

hosticus -a -um, foreign; but usually of the enemy, hostile; n. as subst. enemy territory.

hostilis -e, of, by or for the enemy; like an enemy, unfriendly, hostile; adv. hostiliter.

Hostilius -a -um, name of a Roman gens.

hostimentum -i, n. compensation, requital.

hostio -ire, to requite, recompense.

hostis -is, c. a stranger; but esp. an enemy, foe, opponent.

huc, hither, to this place; 'huc (atque) illuc', hither and thither. Transf., in addition to this; to this pitch, or degree; interrog. huc- ine?

hui, exclamation of surprise, eh! hallo!.

huiusmodi or huiuscemodi, of this kind.

hum-; see also um-.

humanitas -atis, f. humanity, human nature, human feeling; kindness; refine- ment, education, culture.

humanitus, after the manner of men; also kindly.

humanus -a -um, human, of human beings; m. as subst. a human being; of good qualities, humane, kind, educated, civilized, refined. Adv. humane and humaniter, humanely, politely, courteously, kindly.

humatio -onis, f. burying, interment.

humilis -e, on or near the ground, low, shallow. Transf., of rank, etc., humble, poor, insignificant; of character, abject or submissive; of language, mean, without elevation. Adv. humiliter, humble, meanly, ab- jectly.

humilitas -atis, f. nearness to the ground, lowness; shallowness. Transf., insignificance, obscurity; submissiveness, abjectness.

humo -are, to cover with earth, bury; to perform any funeral rites over a corpse.

humus -i, f. ground, earth, soil; humi, on the ground; meton., land, country.

Hyacinthus (-os) -i, m. a beautiful youth, accidentally killed by Apollo.

hyacinthus -i, m. a flower, perhaps the martagon lily.

Hyades -um, f. the Hyades, seven stars in the constellation Taurus.

hyaena -ae, f. hyena.

hyalus -i, m. glass; the color glassgreen.

Hydra -ae, f. many-headed water-snake, slain by Hercules; also a constel- lation.

hydraulus -i, m. a water organ.

hydria -ae, f. an urn, jug.

hydropicus -a -um, dropsical.

hydrops -opis, m. the dropsy.

hydrus -i, m. a water snake.

Hylas -ae, m. companion of Hercules.

Hymen -enis and Hymenaeos or -us -i, m. Hymen, the god of marriage; the marriage song; a wedding (esp. in plur.).

hyperbaton -i, n. transposition of words.

hyperbole -es. f. exaggeration.

Hyperborei -orum, m. pl. a people in the extreme north; adj. Hyperboreus -a -um, = northern.

hypodidascalus -i, m. an under-teacher.

hypomnema -matis, n. a memorandum, note.