The Nile River During
the Time of Moses
Exodus 7:17 -
Thus saith the LORD, In this thou shalt know that I [am] the LORD: behold, I
will smite with the rod that [is] in mine hand upon the waters which [are] in
the river, and they shall be turned to blood.
Map of The Nile River (Old Testament)
and the Nile River. The land of Egypt was blessed with the Nile River, and
everything near this river was fruitful. Egypt was truly called "the gift of the
Nile", and without this magnificent river everything around would be a desert.
In Egypt the desert is everywhere, but along both sides of the Nile River is
black mud which created lush farmland. The great mountains of Africa carry rich soil into Egypt via the
Nile River. Nearly every year the Nile River would overflow its banks, when the
snow on the mountains had melted. This would cause the soil near the banks of
the Nile to be very rich and fertile, and this is the reason why Egypt was
called "the gift of the Nile".
Geographical Facts. The Nile River is the longest river in the entire
world, flowing over 4000 miles from its origin down in Central Africa and
dumping into the Mediterranean Sea. In fact the river flows from south to north
which is very unusual for a river. The Nile River is between 2 miles and 30
miles wide depending on where you are along the river. If one were to park along
the bank of the river and walk on shore, there would be lush dark soil or "black
mud" for a
period of time, and suddenly it would become dry sandy desert colored red. In the ancient world
when people noticed this dark line running down the landscape, they describe it
as looking like a thread, and the Egyptians referred to it as "Redland Blackland."
The Egyptians built their homes in the desert a short distance away from the
rich dark black thread of soil. According to Genesis 10 the father of Egypt was
Noah's grandson Mizraim whose name comes from two words that means "red soil"
and "two Matzor or Egypts" which no doubt alludes to the red color of the desert
sand, and a prophecy of the dual nature of Upper and Lower Egypt. The modern
Arabic name for Egypt is Muzr.
The Nile Delta. At the northernmost portion of the Nile River, also
known as the mouth, there is the great Nile Delta. In fact this is the meaning
of the word Delta, when a river flows for a very long time the mouth begins to
form many channels. The word Delta is actually the fourth letter in the Greek
alphabet and looks like a triangle, with a point on one end and a fan on the
opposite end, and this fan provides the imagery of the mouth of a river. The
Delta never stops widening because of the new soil deposits.
Etymology of the word "Nile". The Greek word Nilus is not an Egyptian
word or meaning, nor is the Semitic word Nahar which means river. The ancient
Egyptians revealed the meaning in the hieroglyphic names of the river, in
reference to various gods and goddesses, for example Isis, and the natural
attributes of the Nile River attributed to her. Hapi means that "overspreads",
Nu means that is "lifted up". Uka speaks of what "gushes forth". Akba Ura speaks
of "great weeping", when the Nile overflows its banks. The ancient Egyptians
also spoke of the river as a divine serpent.
Genesis 12:9-10 -
"And Abram journeyed, going on still toward the south. And there was a famine in the land: and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the famine was grievous in the land."
Smith's (Nile), and
Table of Nations in Gen 10
Map of the Journeys of Abraham and
Map of Egypt in Biblical Times - Bible History Online
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