Maps are essential for any serious Bible study. Our collection of maps are simple and they are free.
Bronze Bull from Urartu
Bronze Bull with Deity from Ancient Urartu
This bronze figurine may have been part of a throne from the ancient kingdom of Urartu. It depicts a deity riding a bull, a symbol of the king's power, it is from the 8th-7th century BC.
Part of a throne with deity on a bull, late 8th–7th century B.C.; Urartian style
Toprakkale (probably), eastern Anatolia
Bronze; H. 5.8 in. (14.6 cm)
Dodge Fund, 1950 (50.163)
Rogers Fund, 1953 (53.120.1-.2)
"Urartu was a powerful kingdom that rivaled the Assyrian Empire in the first millennium B.C. It extended from northeastern Turkey into northwestern Iran. Its settlements were palace-fortresses that protected agricultural production and supported many crafts, especially an extensive metalworking industry. In the late seventh century B.C., Urartian centers were destroyed by an enemy whose identity remains unknown. This object, with the lower part of a figure standing along the flanks of a bull, was most likely part of a throne. From better-preserved examples, we know that the figure wore the horned crown of a deity. The whole would have been gilded. A throne and footstool supported by four deities and their animal companions would have been a potent symbol of the Urartian king's power" - MET
Exodus 33:2 - And I will send an angel before thee; and I will drive out the Canaanite, the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite:
Copyright © 2001 The Metropolitan Museum of Art - MET
Bibliography on Ancient Art
The Art of Ancient Egypt, Revised by Robins, 272 Pages, Pub. 2008