Maps are essential for any serious Bible study. Our collection of maps are simple and they are free.
Arm Panel from a Ceremonial Chair, ca. 1400–1391 B.C.; Dynasty 18, reign of Tuthmosis IV
Cedar; Max. H. 9 7/8 in. (25.1 cm)
Theodore M. Davis Collection, Bequest of Theodore M. Davis, 1915 (30.8.45)
"This fragmentary panel from the left arm of a chair was found in the tomb of Tuthmosis IV in the Valley of the Kings. Traces of glue on the surface suggest that the beautifully carved low relief with its exquisitely executed details was once covered with gold sheeting. On one side, the king is shown as a sphinx subduing the enemies of Egypt. The front edge of the panel is missing, but the text before the king's face probably read: "Lord of the Two Lands, Menkheperure, son of Re, Tuthmosis, [given] life like Re." The falcon at the upper right represents "the Behedite [Horus], the great god, with dappled plumage, giving life and dominion." The text above the sphinx's back reads: "Horus, the lord of might and action, trampling all foreign lands."
On the other side, the panel depicts "the young god, Menkheperure" enthroned, wearing the red crown of Lower Egypt. In front of him is the lion-headed goddess Weret, whose name is written above her head. Behind the king is the ibis-headed god "Thoth, Lord of Hermopolis, giving all life and dominion." Thoth says, "I have brought you millions of years of life and dominion united with eternity." Behind the throne is the phrase "All life and dominion around him [like] Re."
In 1903 Theodore M. Davis discovered the tomb of Tuthmosis IV, whose throne name was Menkheperure. The fragmentary remains of the king's funerary equipment included this arm panel and a second one, now in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. The scenes on the panels suggest that the chair was used either for the king's coronation, or possibly for his thirty-year jubilee, the Sed festival." - MET
Copyright © 2001 The Metropolitan Museum of Art - MET
Bibliography on Ancient Art
The Art of Ancient Egypt, Revised by Robins, 272 Pages, Pub. 2008