Leviticus in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Wayyiqra' is the Hebrew name, from the initial word; the
middle book of the Pentateuch. The laws "which the Lord
commanded Moses in Mount Sinai, in the day that he commanded
the children of Israel to offer their oblations unto the
Lord in the wilderness of Sinai" (Leviticus 7:38). Given
between the setting up of the tabernacle and its departure
from Sinai, i.e. between the first day of the first month
and the 20th day of the second month of the second year of
the Exodus (Exodus 40:2; Exodus 40:17; Numbers 10:11). Two
chief subjects are handled:
(1) Leviticus 1-16, the fundamental ordinances of
Israel's fellowship with Jehovah;
(2) Leviticus 17-27, the laws for hallowing Israel
in this covenant fellowship. Privilege and duty, grace
conferred and grace inwrought, go hand in hand.
(1) The law of offerings, Leviticus 1-7.
(2) Investiture of Aaron and consecration of
priests, Leviticus 8-10.
(3) Rules as to clean and unclean, Leviticus 11-15.
(4) The day of atonement, the summing up of all
means of grace for the nation and the church, annually.
(1) Israel's life as holy and separate from
heathendom, in food, marriage, and toward fellow men,
Leviticus 17-20; the mutual connection of Leviticus 18;
Leviticus 19; Leviticus 20, is marked by recurring phrases,
"I are the Lord," "ye shall be holy, for I ... am holy."
(2) Holiness of priests and of offerings, Leviticus
(3) Holiness shown in the holy convocations,
sabbaths, perpetual light in the tabernacle, shewbread,
(4) Perpetuation of the theocracy by the sabbatical
and Jubilee years, the perpetual tenure of land, the
redemption of it and bond servants (Leviticus 25); and by
fatherly chastisement of the people and restoration on
repentance, Leviticus 26.
(5) Appendix on vows, which are not encouraged
especially, yet permitted with some restrictions (Leviticus