Kings of the Persian Empire
This chart reveals the Kings of the Persian Empire
(Achaemenid) from 550 BC to 330 BC. The Persian Empire was
founded by Cyrus the Great who conquered Babylon in 536 BC.
The Persian Empire succeeded the Babylonian Empire and it
was Cyrus, who issued the famous decree for the Jews to
return to their homeland to rebuild their Temple. Under
Darius the second Temple of Zerubbabel was completed; and
under Xerxes, or Ahasuerus, the events recorded in the Book
of Esther in the Bible happened; under Artaxerxes the Jewish
state was reformed by Ezra, and the walls of Jerusalem were
rebuilt by Nehemiah. The capital of the Persian Empire was
Shushan. The Empire lasted a little more than 200 years, and
came to an end in 330 BC.