Camillus, whose full name was Marcus Furius Camillus, was a prominent and celebrated figure in ancient Rome during the 5th century BCE. He is primarily known for his military leadership and statesmanship, and his contributions played a significant role in the early history of the Roman Republic. Here's a short description of Camillus:

Military Leader:

Camillus was a skilled and distinguished military leader who served Rome in various military campaigns during his lifetime. He was especially renowned for his leadership during the wars with neighboring peoples, including the Gauls and the Volsci, at a time when Rome was still establishing itself as a regional power.

The Gallic Sack of Rome:

Camillus is most famous for his role in defending Rome against the Gauls when they invaded the city in 390 BCE. According to historical accounts, he organized a successful counterattack that repelled the Gauls, earning him the title of "Second Founder of Rome." His efforts saved the city from potential destruction.

Reconstruction of Rome:

Following the repulsion of the Gallic invasion, Camillus played a key role in the reconstruction of Rome, which had suffered significant damage during the conflict. He oversaw the rebuilding of public structures and the city's recovery.

Political Influence:

Camillus also had a notable political career. He held various offices in the Roman government, including the position of dictator, which was a temporary and extraordinary authority granted to address urgent matters. His political influence extended beyond the battlefield.

Conflict with the Plebeians:

Camillus was involved in the political struggles between the patricians (the Roman aristocracy) and the plebeians (the common people). While he often supported patrician interests, his leadership also helped maintain stability during times of unrest.


Camillus is celebrated as one of the great heroes of early Roman history. His leadership during the Gallic invasion and his contributions to the recovery and development of Rome solidified his place in Roman legend and history. He remains an enduring symbol of Roman resilience, military prowess, and statesmanship.

The life and career of Camillus exemplify the qualities that the Romans admired in their leaders: courage, strategic acumen, and dedication to the welfare and defense of the Roman Republic during its formative years.

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