Anointed One

The Anointed One. The New Testament marks Him as the Messiah of the Old Testament (Acts 9:22; Acts 17:2-3; Acts 18:5; Acts 18:28.) What He is His people are, Messiahs or "anointed ones" by union with Him (Zechariah 4:14), having the unction of the Holy Spirit (2 Corinthians 1:21; 1 John 2:20). Though priests in general were at first anointed, afterward anointing was restricted to the high priest, called "the priest that is anointed:" the perfume used was of stacte, onycha, and galbanum, with pure frankincense, and it was death to imitate it. Antitypically, to Christ, the true high priest alone, belongs the fullness of the Spirit, which it is blasphemy to arrogate.

"The Lord's anointed" was the ordinary phrase for the theocratic king (1 Samuel 12:3; Lamentations 4:20). "Anointing the shield" was to make the hide of which it was made supple and less liable to crack (Isaiah 21:5). "Anointing the eyes with eyesalve" expresses imparting of spiritual perceptions (Revelation 3:18). "The yoke shall be destroyed because of the anointing" (Isaiah 10:27), i.e., the Assyrian oppression shall be taken away from Judah, because of the consecration that is upon the elect nation, its prophets, priests, kings, and holy place (Psalm 105:15); the Antitype to all which is Messiah, "the Anointed" (Daniel 9:24). It is for Messiah's sake that all their deliverances are vouchsafed to His people.