Darius I Enthroned at Persepolis

Darius I Relief Enthroned at Persepolis 500 B.C.
Darius receives a Median Dignitary.
This Close Up reveals some of the great wealth
and grandeur in Persia under Darius.

Darius I Relief - Enthroned at Persepolis

Darius is seen here seated on his throne at Persepolis, which was chosen as his new capital of his empire replacing Pasargadae. many nations came to bring tribute to Darius as seen in the many carvings at the stairway. All of his magnificent buildings were embellished with beautiful sculptures. Alexander the Great burned the place detesting it.

Darius I

The magnificent palace complex at Persepolis was founded by Darius the Great around 518 BC., although more than a century passed before it was finally completed. Persepolis was called by the Greek historian Diodorus Siculus "the richest city under the sun, with storehouses filled with gold, silver, and all kinds of riches." Under Darius, the Persian Empire was at its greatest extent. It reached as far as India. In the West, Greece was always a thorn to Darius. The Persians were defeated by the Greeks at the battle of Marathon in 490 B.C. Later, Alexander the Great conquered the Persian Empire in 330 B.C. When Alexander the Great and his army looted and burned Persepolis in 331 B.C. they did a very thorough job. According to the Greek historian Plutarch Alexander carried away the treasures of Persepolis on "20,000 mules and 5,000 camels." The Seated Darius Relief is important in the study of Biblical Archaeology and the Persian Period.

Oriental Institute Excerpt

ANCIENT IRAN: Persepolis - Palace of Darius, Facade of W Stairway, Panel with Lion-Bull Combat at S End.

Twelve columns supported the roof of the central hall from which three small stairways descend. Reliefs on these stairways depict servants coming up the steps carrying animals and food in covered dishes to be served at the king's tables. On the eastern and western doorjambs are reliefs showing the king in formal dress leaving the palace, followed by two attendants; reliefs on the northern and southern doorways depict the king in combat with monsters.

"The Levites in the days of Eliashib, Joiada, and Johanan, and Jaddua, were recorded chief of the fathers: also the priests, to the reign of Darius the Persian." Nehemiah 12:22

Persian Timeline of Rulers:
(approximate dates)

Cyrus II
Cambyses II
Darius I
Xerxes I
Artaxerxes I
Xerxes II
Darius II
Artaxerxes II
Artaxerxes III
Darius III
  550 - 529 B.C.
529 - 522 B.C.
522 - 486 B.C.
486 - 465 B.C.
465 - 425 B.C.
425 - 424 B.C.
423 - 404 B.C.
404 - 359 B.C.
359 - 338 B.C.
338 - 336 B.C.
336 - 330 B.C.

Also See:

DARIUS in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE - DARIUS da-ri'-us: The name of three or four kings mentioned in the Old Testament. In the original Persian it is spelled "Darayavaush"; in Babylonian, usually ...

Close up of Darius the Great - Biblical Archaeology Ancient Iran - Darius the Great is seated on his throne in his reception chamber while an audience of delegates from provinces around his mighty empire approach him to ...

Darius - Darius - Biblical Meaning for Darius in Eastons Bible Dictionary (Bible History Online)

Darius - Darius in Fausset's Bible Dictionary (Bible History Online)

Darius - Darius: Biblical Meaning of Darius in Smiths Bible Dictionary (Bible History Online)

Darius I - Darius I was the second ruler of the Twenty-seventh Dynasty. He was son of Hystaspes ...

Bible History Online - Palace of Darius - Palace of Darius Palace of Darius. Sketch of the palace of Darius I at Persepolis.

Bible History Online - Tomb of Darius - Tomb of Darius I the Great Carved into the Cliff.

Persia and Persepolis

Persia - Ancient Geography, Plans, Maps - Images and Illustrations

Map of the Persian Empire - 550-486 B.C. (Bible History Online)

Bible History Online - Ancient Persian King

Bible History Online - Ancient Persian Column Capital

Bible History Online - Persepolis Lion and Bull Combat (Biblical ...

Bible History Online - Persian King Killing Monster

Persian Gateway of Xerxes

Persian Guard at Darius palace

Ancient Persian Spearman (Bible History Online)

Bible History Online - Persepolis Lion and Bull Combat

Bible History Online - Persepolis Staircase

The Babylonian Captivity - Persepolis

Bible History Online - The Buildings at Persepolis

Bible History Online - Persepolis Ruins

Persepolis Citadel

Persepolis - Meaning of Persepolis in Smiths Bible Dictionary

The Hall of a Hundred Columns Relief (Persepolis)

PERSEPOLIS in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE

Persepolis Reliefs - Ancient Persian Stone


The Bible mentions much concerning ancient Persia:

Ezra 4:7 - And in the days of Artaxerxes wrote Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabeel, and the rest of their companions, unto Artaxerxes king of Persia; and the writing of the letter [was] written in the Syrian tongue, and interpreted in the Syrian tongue.

Ezra 4:3 - But Zerubbabel, and Jeshua, and the rest of the chief of the fathers of Israel, said unto them, Ye have nothing to do with us to build an house unto our God; but we ourselves together will build unto the LORD God of Israel, as king Cyrus the king of Persia hath commanded us.

Ezra 9:9 - For we [were] bondmen; yet our God hath not forsaken us in our bondage, but hath extended mercy unto us in the sight of the kings of Persia, to give us a reviving, to set up the house of our God, and to repair the desolations thereof, and to give us a wall in Judah and in Jerusalem.

Ezra 6:14 - And the elders of the Jews builded, and they prospered through the prophesying of Haggai the prophet and Zechariah the son of Iddo. And they builded, and finished [it], according to the commandment of the God of Israel, and according to the commandment of Cyrus, and Darius, and Artaxerxes king of Persia.

2 Chronicles 36:23 - Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, All the kingdoms of the earth hath the LORD God of heaven given me; and he hath charged me to build him an house in Jerusalem, which [is] in Judah. Who [is there] among you of all his people? The LORD his God [be] with him, and let him go up.

Daniel 10:1 - In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia a thing was revealed unto Daniel, whose name was called Belteshazzar; and the thing [was] true, but the time appointed [was] long: and he understood the thing, and had understanding of the vision.

Ezra 1:2 - Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, The LORD God of heaven hath given me all the kingdoms of the earth; and he hath charged me to build him an house at Jerusalem, which [is] in Judah.

Esther 1:3 - In the third year of his reign, he made a feast unto all his princes and his servants; the power of Persia and Media, the nobles and princes of the provinces, [being] before him:

Ezra 3:7 - They gave money also unto the masons, and to the carpenters; and meat, and drink, and oil, unto them of Zidon, and to them of Tyre, to bring cedar trees from Lebanon to the sea of Joppa, according to the grant that they had of Cyrus king of Persia.

Ezra 4:24 - Then ceased the work of the house of God which [is] at Jerusalem. So it ceased unto the second year of the reign of Darius king of Persia.

Daniel 10:20 - Then said he, Knowest thou wherefore I come unto thee? and now will I return to fight with the prince of Persia: and when I am gone forth, lo, the prince of Grecia shall come.

Esther 10:2 - And all the acts of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordecai, whereunto the king advanced him, [are] they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Media and Persia?

Daniel 11:2 - And now will I shew thee the truth. Behold, there shall stand up yet three kings in Persia; and the fourth shall be far richer than [they] all: and by his strength through his riches he shall stir up all against the realm of Grecia.

Esther 1:14 - And the next unto him [was] Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, [and] Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, which saw the king's face, [and] which sat the first in the kingdom;)

Esther 1:18 - [Likewise] shall the ladies of Persia and Media say this day unto all the king's princes, which have heard of the deed of the queen. Thus [shall there arise] too much contempt and wrath.

Ezra 1:8 - Even those did Cyrus king of Persia bring forth by the hand of Mithredath the treasurer, and numbered them unto Sheshbazzar, the prince of Judah.

2 Chronicles 36:20 - And them that had escaped from the sword carried he away to Babylon; where they were servants to him and his sons until the reign of the kingdom of Persia:

Ezra 7:1 - Now after these things, in the reign of Artaxerxes king of Persia, Ezra the son of Seraiah, the son of Azariah, the son of Hilkiah,

Ezekiel 27:10 - They of Persia and of Lud and of Phut were in thine army, thy men of war: they hanged the shield and helmet in thee; they set forth thy comeliness.

Daniel 8:20 - The ram which thou sawest having [two] horns [are] the kings of Media and Persia.

Ezekiel 38:5 - Persia, Ethiopia, and Libya with them; all of them with shield and helmet:

Ezra 1:1 - Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and [put it] also in writing, saying,

2 Chronicles 36:22 - Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD [spoken] by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and [put it] also in writing, saying,

Ezra 4:5 - And hired counsellors against them, to frustrate their purpose, all the days of Cyrus king of Persia, even until the reign of Darius king of Persia.

Daniel 10:13 - But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me one and twenty days: but, lo, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me; and I remained there with the kings of Persia.


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The Art of Ancient Egypt, Revised by Robins, 272 Pages, Pub. 2008


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