Map of Herods Kingdom During the New Testament. Herod the
Great and his Kingdom.
During the time of the birth of Jesus in the New Testament
Israel was under the dominion of King Herod "the Great".
Herod was the son of Antipater, an Idumean (Edomite) who had
come to the aid of Julius Caesar in Alexandria and was made
chief minister of Judea in 47 BC. Later in 40 BC Marc Antony
and Octavian and the Roman Senate appointed Herod as King of
Judea. Although he had many enemies to overcome, Herod
defeated them and made himself the recognized king of Judea
in 37 BC.
Map of the New Testament World During the Time of the Roman
Empire. The Nations. This map reveals the "Nations" within
the ancient world during the first century A.D., the time of
the New Testament. The map includes the areas of Israel,
Asia, Greece, and Italy.
Map of Israel During the New Testament.
Israel had 3 main regions: Galilee in the north, Samaria
in the middle, and Judaea in the south.
In Galilee there was upper Galilee and lower Galilee.
Upper Galilee had many mpountain ranges averaging around
4,000 feet. Lower Galilee had smaller hills of 1,000
feet. The very fertile Plain of Esdralon and Valley of
Megiddo was in Lower Galilee. The main cities in Galilee
mentioned in the Bible were Nazareth, Cana, Capernaum,
and far to the north was Caesarea Philippi.
Samaria had many rugged mountains of around 2500 feet.
The Biblical cities in Samaria were mainly Sebaste, and
Judea has a hill country and then lowers down to
Beersheba in the south about 1,000 feet above sea level.
The desert in the South is a plateau that rises about 500
feet above sea level, and is very barren. But the
mountains in this region had much water. The cities of
Judea mentioned in the Bible were mainly Jerusalem,
Bethany, Jericho, Bethlehem, Emmaus, and to the South was
Hebron and Masada.
Map of the Divisions of Herods Kingdom After His Death. This
map shows the Tetrarchies and Roman Administration of
Israel. The Kingdom of Herod the Great Divided.
After Herod the Great had died his kingdom was divided among
his three sons, Antipas, Phillip, and Archelaus. Archelaus
inherited Judea, Antipas was given Galilee and Perea
(Transjordan), and Phillip inherited the predominantly
Gentile areas east and north of the Sea of Galilee. Caesar
Augustus quickly removed Archelaus after there were so many
bad reports about him from the Jews.