In Greek mythology, Eteocles Ἐτεοκλῆς was a king of Thebes,
the son of Oedipus and either Jocasta or Euryganeia. The name
is from earlier *Etewoklewes Ἐτεϝοκλέϝες, meaning "truly
glorious". Tawaglawas is thought to be the Hittite rendition
of the name. When Oedipus killed his father
Laius and married his mother, he was expelled from Thebes. The
rule passed to his sons Eteocles and Polynices. However,
because of a curse from their father, the two brothers did not
share the rule peacefully. Eteocles was succeeded by his
1. A son of Andreus and Evippe, or of Cephisus, who was said
to have been the first that offered sacrifices to the Charites
at Orchomenos, in Boeotia. (Paus. 9.34.5, 35.1; Theocrit.
16.104; Schol. ad Pind. Ol. 14.1 ; Müller, Orchom. p. 128.) 2.
A son of Oedipus and Jocaste. After his father's flight from
Thebes, he and his brother Polyneices undertook the government
of Thebes by turns. But, in consequence of disputes having
arisen between the brothers, Polyneices fled to Adrastus, who
then brought about the expedition of the Seven against Thebes.
[ADRASTUS.] When many of the heroes had fallen, Eteocles and
Polyneices resolved upon deciding the contest by a single
combat, but both the brothers fcll. (Apollod. 3.5.8, 6. §§ 1,
5, &c.; Paus. 9.5.6; comp. Eur. Phoen. 67; JOCASTE.) - A
Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, William