Eteocles in Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology（Ἐτεοκλῆς). 1. A son of Andreus and Evippe, or of Cephisus, who was said to have been the first that offered sacrifices to the Charites at Orchomenos, in Boeotia. (Paus. 9.34.5, 35.1; Theocrit. 16.104; Schol. ad Pind. Ol. 14.1 ; Müller, Orchom. p. 128.) 2. A son of Oedipus and Jocaste. After his father's flight from Thebes, he and his brother Polyneices undertook the government of Thebes by turns. But, in consequence of disputes having arisen between the brothers, Polyneices fled to Adrastus, who then brought about the expedition of the Seven against Thebes. [ADRASTUS.] When many of the heroes had fallen, Eteocles and Polyneices resolved upon deciding the contest by a single combat, but both the brothers fcll. (Apollod. 3.5.8, 6. §§ 1, 5, &c.; Paus. 9.5.6; comp. Eur. Phoen. 67; JOCASTE.) - A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, William Smith, Ed.
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