Ein Gedi (Hebrew: עֵין גֶּדִי is an oasis in Israel, located
west of the Dead Sea, near Masada and the caves of Qumran.
The name En-gedi is composed of two Hebrew words: ein means
spring and gdi means goat-kid. En Gedi thus means "Kid
Shulamit Fall at Nahal David
In the 2 Chronicles 20:2 it is identified with Hazazon-
tamar, where the Moabites and Ammonites gathered in order to
fight Josaphat. In Genesis 14:7 Hazazon-tamar is mentioned
as being a Amorite city, smitten by Chedorlaomer in his war
against the cities of the plain, .
In Joshua 15:62 , Ein Gedi is enumerated among the cities of
the Tribe of Judah in the desert Betharaba, but Ezekiel
47:10 shows that it was also a fisherman's town. Later,
King David hides in the desert of En Gedi (1 Samuel 24:1-2 )
and King Saul seeks him "even upon the most craggy rocks,
which are accessible only to wild goats" (1 Samuel 24:3 ).
The Song of Songs (Song_of_Songs 1:14 ) speaks of the
"vineyards of En Gedi"; the words, "I was exalted like a
palm tree in Cades" (’en aígialoîs), which occur in
Ecclesiasticus 24:18, may perhaps be understood of the palm
trees of Ein Gedi.
The indigenous Jewish town of Ein Gedi was an important
source of balsam for the Greco-Roman world until its
destruction by Byzantine emperor Justinian as part of his
persecution of the Jews in his realm. A synagogue mosaic
remains from Ein Gedi's heyday, including a Judeo-Aramaic
inscription warning inhabitants against "revealing the
town's secret" – possibly the methods for extraction and
preparation of the much-prized balsam resin, though not
stated outright in the inscription – to the outside world...