a.k.a. John Rylands P457;
This is the oldest known manuscript fragment of the New Testament.
Size: 3.5 inches long; 2.5 inches wide; Length: 7 lines on each side
Approximate Date: c. 125""150 CE
Place of Discovery: Egypt
Date of Discovery/Acquisition: 1920
Acquirer: Bernard P. Grenfell
Current Location: John Rylands Library,Manchester, England
Inventory Number: Rylands Greek Papyrus 457
Manuscript Number: P52
Manuscript Family: Alexandrian
The Duke Papyrus Archive, also known as the Duke University Papyrus Archive or simply the Duke Papyrus Archive, is a renowned collection of ancient papyrus documents and fragments housed at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina, United States. This archive is one of the most significant collections of its kind in North America and plays a crucial role in the study of ancient history, language, and culture. Here is an overview of the Duke Papyrus Archive:
1. Collection Origins:
- The Duke Papyrus Archive was established in the 1930s when the university acquired a collection of ancient papyrus fragments from Egypt. Over the years, the collection has grown significantly through acquisitions, donations, and expeditions to Egypt.
2. Scope and Content:
- The archive contains a diverse array of papyrus documents and fragments, dating from various periods of ancient history. These documents cover a wide range of topics, including legal texts, letters, contracts, religious texts, literary works, and administrative records.
- One of the most famous and significant documents in the collection is the "Papyrus Hanson" (also known as the "Hanson Papyrus"), a fragmentary Greek manuscript of the New Testament that includes passages from the Gospel of John.
3. Research and Scholarship:
- The Duke Papyrus Archive serves as a valuable resource for scholars, researchers, and students interested in the study of ancient languages, literature, and history. It provides opportunities for deciphering and translating ancient texts, shedding light on the daily life, culture, and beliefs of people in antiquity.
- Scholars and experts from various disciplines, including classics, Egyptology, papyrology, and biblical studies, utilize the archive to advance their research and contribute to the broader understanding of the ancient world.
4. Digitization and Accessibility:
- In recent years, the Duke Papyrus Archive has embarked on digitization initiatives to make its collection more accessible to a global audience. Digitized images and catalog information are available online, allowing researchers and enthusiasts to explore the archive's contents remotely.
- This digital accessibility has expanded the impact of the Duke Papyrus Archive beyond the academic community, making it a valuable educational resource for anyone interested in ancient history and culture.
5. Educational Initiatives:
- Duke University actively engages in educational outreach and public programming related to the archive. The collection is used to teach courses on papyrology, ancient history, and archaeology, providing students with hands-on experience in working with ancient documents.
- The archive also hosts workshops, lectures, and exhibitions to promote awareness and appreciation of ancient papyrus documents and their significance.
The Duke Papyrus Archive stands as a testament to the enduring value of ancient texts and the critical role that institutions like Duke University play in preserving and sharing this cultural heritage. It continues to be a hub of scholarship and research, contributing to our understanding of the ancient world through the study of its written artifacts.
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