Amphitrite in Wikipedia

In ancient Greek mythology, Amphitrite (Ἀμφιτρίτη) was a sea- goddess and wife of Poseidon.[1] Under the influence of the Olympian pantheon, she became merely the consort of Poseidon, and was further diminished by poets to a symbolic representation of the sea. In Roman mythology, the consort of Neptune, a comparatively minor figure, was Salacia, the goddess of saltwater.[2] Amphitrite was a daughter of Nereus and Doris (and thus a Nereid), according to Hesiod's Theogony, but of Oceanus and Tethys (and thus an Oceanid), according to Apollodorus, who actually lists her among both of the Nereids[3] and the Oceanids.[4] Others called her the personification of the sea itself. Amphitrite's offspring included seals[5] and dolphins.[6] Poseidon and Amphitrite had a son, Triton who was a merman, and a daughter, Rhode (if this Rhode was not actually fathered by Poseidon on Halia or was not the daughter of Asopus as others claim). Apollodorus (3.15.4) also mentions a daughter of Poseidon and Amphitrite named Benthesikyme...

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Amphitrite in Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology

(Ἀμφιτρίτη), according to Hesiod (Hes. Th. 243) and Apollodorus (1.2.7) a Nereid, though in other places Apollodorus (1.2.2, 1.4.6) calls her an Oceanid. She is represented as the wife of Poseidon and the goddess of the sea (the Mediterranean), and she is therefore a kind of female Poseidon. In the Homeric poems she does not occur as a goddess, and Amphitrite is merely the name of the sea. The most ancient passages in which she occurs as a real goddess is that of Hesiod above referred to and the Homeric hymn on the Delian Apollo (94), where she is represented as having been present at the birth of Apollo. When Poseidon sued for her hand, she fled to Atlas, but her lover sent spies after her, and among them one Delphinus, who brought about the marriage between her and Poseidon, and the grateful god rewarded his service by placing him among the stars. (Eratosth. Catast. 31; Hygin. Poet. Astr. 2.17.) When afterwards Poseidon shewed some attachment to Scylla, Amphitrite's jealousy was excited to such a degree, that she threw some magic herbs into the well in which Scylla used to bathe, and thereby changed her rival into a monster with six heads and twelve feet. (Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 45, 649.) She became by Poseidon the mother of Triton, Rhode, or Rhodos, and Benthesicyme. (Hesiod. Theoy. 930, &c.; Apollod. 1.4.6; 3.15.4.) Later poets regard Amphitrite as the goddess of the sea in general, or the ocean. (Eur. Cycl. 702; Ov. Met. 1.14.) Amphitrite was frequently represented in ancient works of art; her figure resembled that of Aphrodite, but she was usually distinguished from her by a sort of net which kept her hair together, and by the claws of a crab on her forehead. She was sometimes represented as riding on marine animals, and sometimes as drawn by them. The temple of Poseidon on the Corinthian isthmus contained a statue of Amphitrite (Paus. 2.1.7), and her figure appeared among the relief ornaments of the temple of Apollo at Amyclae (3.19.4). on the throne of the Olympian Zeus, and in other places. (5.2.3, comp. 1.17.3, 5.26.2.) We still possess a considerable number of representations of Amphitrite. A colossal statue of her exists in the Villa Albani, and she frequently appears on coins of Syracuse. The most beautiful specimen extant is that on the arch of Augustus at Rimini. (Winckelmann, Alte Denkmäler, 1.36; Hirt, Mythol. Bilderbuch, ii. p. 159.) - A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, William Smith, Ed.

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