Burrell, Roy. Oxford First Ancient History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Chisholm, Jane and Anne Millard. Early Civilization. London: Usborne, 1991.

Dalley, Stephanie. Mari and Karana: Two Old Babylonian Cities. Longman, 1984. Well-documented and illustrated study of history and culture of Old Babylonian period.

Hallo, William W. and Simpson, William K. Ancient Near East: A History. Harcourt, 1971. Good basic introduction.

Knapp, A. Bernard. The History and Culture of Ancient Western Asia and Egypt. Wadsworth, 1988. Broad overview of history with recent specialized references.

Landau, Elaine. The Assyrians. Brookfield, CT: The Millbrook Press, 1997.

Landau, Elaine. The Babylonians. Brookfield, CT: The Millbrook Press, 1997.

Landau, Elaine. The Sumerians. Brookfield, CT: The Millbrook Press, 1997.

Martell, Hazel Mary. The Kingfisher Book of the Ancient World: From the Ice Age to the Fall of Rome. New York: Kingfisher, 1995.

Mesopotamia: The Mighty Kings. Alexandria, VA: Time-Life Books, 1995.

Millard, Anne. The First Civilisations: From 10,000 B.C. to 1500. London: Usborne, 1990.

Nissen, Hans J. The Early History of the Ancient Near East, 9000-2000 B.C. Tr. by E. Lutzeier and K. J. Northcott. Chicago, 1988. Detailed study of historical and cultural development in Mesopotamia.

Oates, Joan. Babylon. Thames & Hudson, 1979; 1986. Splendid re-creation of the city and its culture, from minor village to leading center.

Pritchard, James B., ed. The Ancient Near East in Pictures. 2v. Princeton, 2d ed., 1969. Important anthology of texts and pictures.

Roaf, Michael. Cultural Atlas of Mesopotamia and the Ancient Near East. New York: Facts on File, 1990.

Roux, George. Ancient Iraq. Viking-Penguin, 3d ed., 1993. Helpful historical outline.

Saggs, H. W. F. Everyday Life in Babylonia and Assyria. Batsford, 1965; Dorset, 1987. Illustrated survey of life placed in historical context.

Saggs, H. W. F. The Greatness That Was Babylon. St. Martin's, 1991. "A Sketch of the Ancient Civilization of the Tigris-Euphrates Valley" (subtitle).

Saggs, H. W. F. The Might That Was Assyria. St. Martin's Press, 1990. Excellent survey.

The Visual Dictionary of Ancient Civilizations. New York: Dorling Kindersley, 1994.


PC Study Bible – BibleSoft


Cradles of Civilization, CD-ROM Society for Visual Education, 1996.

Time Machine Trivia, CD-ROM Instructional Fair, 1997.