Semerkhet in Tour Egypt

SEMERKHET, THE 6TH KING OF EGYPT'S 1ST DYNASTY According to the limited information we have on Semerkhet, the traditional 6th king of Egypt's 1st Dynasty, he ruled Egypt for about nine years. This is from the Palermo Stone, but Manetho records his reign as 18 years, and notes that there were numerous disaster during his reign. This is probably due to the problems with his succession and predecessor, as it has been suggested that Semerkhet usurped the throne. He destroyed the name of his predecessor, Anedjib, on a number of stone vessels, and it would seem in return, was himself omitted from the Saqqara King list. Semerkhet was the king's Horus name, and means "Thoughtful Friend" (though Nicolas Grimal in A History of Ancient Egypt disagrees, stating that the Horus name means "companion of the gods". Grimal also tells us that his nebty name meant "he whom the two mistresses guard", a reference to Nekhbet, the vulture goddess of Nekheb (el-Kab), and Wadjet, the serpent-goddess of Pe and Dep (Buto). Grimal therefore suggests that he may have had a priestly role prior to his ascending the throne of Egypt. His tomb is located at Abydos (Tomb U). It measures 29 x 31 meters (95 x 101 3/4 feet), which makes it considerably larger then that of his predecessor. It is also of superior quality to Anedjib's tomb. Semerkhet's tomb has a brick lined burial chamber and is surrounded by well built servants' graves. Petrie investigated Semerkhet's tomb at Abydos, and found the entrance ramp saturated up to "three feet" deep with aromatic oil, which, after some 5,000 years, still permeated the entire tomb with scent. Archaeologists have not discovered a mastaba tomb from his reign at North Saqqara, though his predecessors seem to have mostly built tombs there as well. The only object of substance to have survived from Semerkhet's reign is a black granite funeral stela found by his tomb in 1898. It had originally belonged to a pair erected outside his monument, a tradition from the very beginning of the dynasty. Semerkhet probably conducted trade with people who lived in the Palestinian territories, judging from seal impressions found at a building bearing his, along with other 1st Dynasty kings. However, very little else is known about this king.

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Semerkhet in Wikipedia

Semerkhet was the sixth king of Ancient Egypt's First Dynasty who ruled around 2950 BC. Although little is known of his reign, Semerkhet seems to have had a difficult time as king judging by the records of Manetho. Semerkhet's name means "Thoughtful Friend.". Family Semerkhet was a son of Pharaoh Anedjib and Queen Betrest[2] (also named Batirytes)[3][4]. It is possible that Semerkhet's successor Qa'a was his son, but another possibility is that Qa'a was a brother of Semerkhet and, therefore, Anedjib's son. Biography Manetho states that there were numerous disasters in Semerkhet's reign but he alleges that this was because Semerkhet was a usurper to the throne. It is considered that Semerkhet deliberately erased Anedjib's name from numerous artefacts, but Semerket's own name was later omitted from the Saqqara King List. He did, however, manage to build a much larger royal tomb than Anedjib despite his short 9 year reign. Semerkhet is only otherwise known from one or two contemporary artefacts and, more importantly, from the Palermo Stone Annals. Reign Although the third century BCE Egyptian priest Manetho records that this king ruled Egypt for eighteen years, and the Turin Canon (where he is called Semsem) suggests a reign of 72 years, these figures are considered less reliable than those in the 5th dynasty Palermo Stone. Toby Wilkinson, in his analysis of the Palermo Stone in Royal Annals of Ancient Egypt, specifically notes that Cairo Fragment One register III of this document gives: "Semerkhet 8 1/2 years (this figure is certain, since the entire reign is recorded [here]."[5] Semerkhet's royal name, written in a serekh, was also preserved in this section of the document; hence, the nine-year reign can only belong to him. Wilkinson concludes that Semerkhet had a reign of 9 full or partial years.[6] The only events listed on the Palermo Stone for his short reign appear to be religious observances. There is an ivory seal mentioning his name as well as that of Henuka, a dignitary who seems to have ministered to Semerkhet as well as to his successor, Qa'a. Semerkhet is buried in Tomb U of the royal necropolis at Umm el-Qa'ab, near Abydos. - Wikipedia

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