In ancient Roman religion, Ops or Opis, (Latin: "Plenty") was
a fertility deity and earth-goddess of Sabine origin. Her
husband was Saturn, the bountiful monarch of the Golden Age.
Just as Saturn was identified with the Greek deity Cronus,
Opis was identified with Rhea, Cronus' wife. In her statues
and coins, Opis is figured sitting down, as Chthonian deities
normally are, and generally holds a scepter or a corn spike as
her main attributes. The Chthonian deities are the
manifestations of the Great Goddess, such as Gaia or Ge...
a female Roman divinity of plenty and fertility, as is
indicated by her nane, which is connected with opinus,
opuleidus, iopsq, anid copia. (Fest. p. 186. &c. ed. Miller.)
She was regarded as the wife of Saturnus, and, accordingly, as
the protectress of every thing connected with agriculture. Her
abode was in the earth, and hence those who invoked her, or
made vows to her, used to touch the ground (Macr. 1.10), and
as she was believed to give to human beings both their place
of abode and their food, newly-born children were recommended
to her care. (August. de Ciu Dei, 4.11, 21.) Her worship was
intimately connected with that of her husband Saturnus, for
she had both temples and festivals in common with him; she
had, however, also a separate sanctuary on the Capitol, and in
the vicus jugarius, not far from the temple of Saturnus, she
had an altar in common with Ceres. (Liv. 39.22; P. Vict. Req.
Urb. viii ) The festivals of Ops are called Opalia and
Opiconsivia, from her surname Consita, connected with the verb
serere, to sow. (Fest. 1. c. ; Macr. 1.10, 12.) - A Dictionary
of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, William Smith, Ed.