Nyx (Nox)

Nyx in Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology

(Νύξ), Nox or Night personified. Homer (Hom. Il. 14.259, &c.) calls her the subduer of gods and men, and relates that Zeus himself stood in awe of her. In the ancient cosmogonies Night is one of the very first created beings, for she is described as the daughter of Chaos, and the sister of Erebus, by whom she became the mother of Aether and Hemera. (lies. Theog. 123, &c.) According to the Orphics (Argon. 14) she was the daughter of Eros. She is further said, without any husband, to have given birth to Moros, the Keres, Thanatos, Hypnos, Dreams, Momus, Oizys, the Hesperides, Moerae, Nemesis, and similar beings. (Hes. Th. 211, &c.; Cic. de Nat. Deor. 3.17.) In later poets, with whom she is merely the personification of the darkness of night, she is sometimes described as a winged goddess (Eur. Orest. 176), and sometimes as riding in a chariot, covered with a dark garment and accompanied by the stars in her course. (Eur. Ion 1150; Theocrit. ii. in fin.; Orph. Hymn. 2. 7; Verg. A. 5.721; Tib. 2.1. 87; V. Fl. 3.211.) Her residence was in the darkness of Hades. (Hes. Th. 748; Eurip. Orest. 175; Verg. A. 6.390.) A statue of Night, the work of Rhoecus, existed at Ephesus (Paus. 10.38.3). On the chest of Cypselus she was represented carrying in her arms the gods of Sleep and Death, as two boys (5.18.1). - A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, William Smith, Ed.

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Nyx in Wikipedia

In Greek mythology, Nyx (Νύξ, "night", Nox in Roman translation) was the primordial goddess of the night. A shadowy figure, Nyx stood at or near the beginning of creation, and was the mother of personified gods such as Hypnos (sleep) and Thánatos (death). Her appearances in mythology are sparse, but reveal her as a figure of exceptional power and beauty...

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