Northern Kingdom Of Israel
The Northern Kingdom consisted of 10 of the tribes
(excluding Judah and Benjamin). It lasted for about 210
years until it was destroyed by Assyria in 722 BC. Its
capital was Samaria. Every king of Israel was evil. In the
northern kingdom there were 9 dynasties (family lines of
kings) and 19 kings in all. An average of 11 years to a
reign. 8 of these kings met death by violence.
The epitaph written over every one of its kings was:
1 Kings 15:34 and he did evil in the sight of the LORD, and
walked in the way of Jeroboam, and in his sin by which he
had made Israel to sin.
It was king Ahab who introduced Baal worship to them.
1 Kings 16:30-33 Now Ahab the son of Omri did evil in the
sight of the LORD, more than all who were before him. And
it came to pass, as though it had been a trivial thing for
him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, that
he took as wife Jezebel the daughter of Ethbaal, king of
the Sidonians; and he went and served Baal and worshiped
him. Then he set up an altar for Baal in the temple of
Baal, which he had built in Samaria. And Ahab made a wooden
image. Ahab did more to provoke the LORD God of Israel to
anger than all the kings of Israel who were before him.
A world empire was being gathered into the ruthless hands
of the Assyrians. The ruthless and cruel Assyrians (under
Sargon II) besieged Samaria for 3 years and finally it
fell, Israel was doomed. The Assyrians hauled them away
into captivity (722 BC).
Therefore the LORD was very angry with Israel, and removed
them from His sight; there was none left but the tribe of
Judah alone. . And the LORD rejected all the descendants of
Israel, afflicted them, and delivered them into the hand of
plunderers, until He had cast them from His sight. For He
tore Israel from the house of David, and they made Jeroboam
the son of Nebat king. Then Jeroboam drove Israel from
following the LORD, and made them commit a great sin. For
the children of Israel walked in all the sins of Jeroboam
which he did; they did not depart from them, until the LORD
removed Israel out of His sight, as He had said by all His
servants the prophets. So Israel was carried away from
their own land to Assyria.