MENKAUHOR - 2396-2388 B.C. - 5TH DYNASTY
Menkauhor was the seventh king of the 5th Dynasty. He ruled
Ancient Egypt from 2396 till 2388 BC, but never achieved the
level of fame that the rest of the kings in his dynasty did.
He built a pyramid in Dahshur, but only its ruins remain.
There is a small alabaster statue of Menkauhor located in the
Egyptian museum in Cairo. He is reputed as having sent his
troops to Sinai in order to acquire materials for the
construction of his tomb.
Menkauhor Kaiu, (in Greek known as Menkeris), was a Pharaoh of the Fifth dynasty during the Old Kingdom.
Menkauhor's royal name or prenomen means as "Eternal are the Souls of Horus."
Menkauhor may have been a son of Niuserre. Reliefs from the mortuary temple of Khentkaus II may point to this proposed family relationship, but
it is not a certainty.
Queen Meresankh IV has been suggested as the consort for Menkauhor.. It is possible however that she was a wife to Djedkare Isesi instead.
Queen Khuit I has also been suggested as a possible wife of Menkauhor, but this is not certain.
It has been suggested that Menkauhor's successor Djedkare Isesi was his son. Other possible children include the princes Raemka and
Khaemtjenent, but it is also possible they are sons of Djedkare Isesi. So they could be his grand-sons instead.
The Turin King List assigns Menkauhor 8 years of rule. He was the last pharaoh to build a sun temple-called Akhet-Re. His pyramid was reported
to have been found in 1842 by German archaeologist Karl Richard Lepsius at Saqqara. Lepsius called it number 29 or the "Headless Pyramid".
The pyramid was then lost under shifting sands until it was rediscovered in 2008. The pyramid is believed to be his. This would validate
contemporary fifth dynasty records which indicate Menkauhor's pyramid was located at either Dahshur or Saqqara. He is, in terms of present-day
knowledge, the second most obscure 5th Dynasty ruler after the ephemeral Shepseskare - although a relief by an official named Tjutju depicts
him adoring the pharaoh, one major quarry inscription at Wadi Maghara in the Sinai dated to his reign, a single seal bearing his name and a
small alabaster statue prove his existence beyond doubt.
Several Old Kingdom administrative records at Abusir indicate that Menkauhor finished his pyramid complex which was called Ntry-iswt-Mn-kw-hr
while his funerary cult was still operational long after his death.