Like Jesus, David was from Bethlehem. He grew up as a
shepherd and was skillful in music and courageous. Samuel
secretly anointed him as king and God openly showed Israel
His chosen one by his single-handed slaying of the giant:
1 Sam 17:43-50 So the Philistine said to David, "Am I a
dog, that you come to me with sticks?" And the Philistine
cursed David by his gods. And the Philistine said to
David, "Come to me, and I will give your flesh to the
birds of the air and the beasts of the field!" Then David
said to the Philistine, "You come to me with a sword,
with a spear, and with a javelin. But I come to you in
the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of
Israel, whom you have defied. "This day the LORD will
deliver you into my hand, and I will strike you and take
your head from you. And this day I will give the
carcasses of the camp of the Philistines to the birds of
the air and the wild beasts of the earth, that all the
earth may know that there is a God in Israel. "Then all
this assembly shall know that the LORD does not save with
sword and spear; for the battle is the LORD`S, and He
will give you into our hands."
So it was, when the Philistine arose and came and drew
near to meet David, that David hastened and ran toward
the army to meet the Philistine. Then David put his hand
in his bag and took out a stone; and he slung it and
struck the Philistine in his forehead, so that the stone
sank into his forehead, and he fell on his face to the
earth. So David prevailed over the Philistine with a
sling and a stone, and struck the Philistine and killed
But Saul began to hate David more and more. David had
served at Saul`s court, had been married to his younger
daughter, and had gone to battle numerous times at Saul`s
command, and Saul began to hope that David would die in
battle. When Saul openly tried to murder him was when David
took to the hills.
For some 20 years David hid in the wilderness from Saul
where he gathered an army from the outcasts of Israel.
David wrote most of the Psalms at this time and God called
him, "a man after My own heart."
Finally, 7 years after Saul died, the tribes crowned David
king at Hebron (about 1000 BC). He brought the Ark of the
covenant (gold box containing the 10 commandments and
symbolizing the throne of God) to Jerusalem, which he
established as the capital (2 Sam 1-5).
David was Israel`s greatest and truly ideal king. He was a
great warrior and a man who loved God. He brought great
peace and prosperity to the land. But David also had his
David also had his weaknesses. He took many wives, like
other kings, and this was forbidden by God. He even
arranged the murder of one of his soldiers so that he could
marry the man`s wife who he had already seduced. David was
a great sinner, but he was also very remorseful and
repentant. David also took a census (headcount) of his
army, showing a lack of trust in God. God punished David
and Israel for his sins.
The good qualities found in David are a picture of Christ
who would be a descendant of David.