Jib in Wikipedia

Jib (Arabic: الجيب‎, also transliterated al-Jib) is a Palestinian village in the Jerusalem Governorate, located ten kilometers northwest of Jerusalem,[1] in the seam zone of the West Bank.[2] According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, al-Jib had a population of approximately 4,700 in 2006.[3] The modern village is identified with the ancient city of Gibeon. History See also: Gibeon (ancient city) The first scientific identification of al-Jib with the ancient Canaanite city of Gibeon was made by Edward Robinson in 1838.[4] Archaeological excavations led by James Pritchard in 1956, 1957, and 1959 confirmed this identification with the discovery of 56 jar handles inscribed with the Semitic triliteral gb'n.[4] The inscriptions were dated to the end of the Judean monarchy and have been cross-referenced against genealogical lists in the Book of Chronicles. While they include many Benjaminite names, they also include non-Israelite names, attesting to the intermixing of local population.[4] In the Book of Joshua, ancient Jib or Gibeon is described as "a large city, like one of the royal cities", and as being the place where Joshua made the sun stand still (Joshua 10:12). The flat and fertile land with many springs which surrounds it gave rise to a flourishing economy, attested to in the large number of ancient jars and wine cellars discovered there. The jars could hold 45 liters of wine each and 66 wine cellars two meters deep and dug out of rock have been unearthed in Jib.[4] "El-Jib" was described by the geographer Yâkût in 1225 as having two fortresses standing close together.[5] By the 1550's the agricultural revenues of Jib belonged to the endowment (waqf) of Mamluk Sultan Inal (r. 1453-61) in Egypt. However, three tribes of the Hutaym Bedouin were affiliated with the village. The taxes they paid plus levies normally earmarked for the military were in the 1550's designated for the waqf of Hasseki Sultan Imaret in Jerusalem.[6]...

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