INYOTEF I (SEHERTAWY) 2074-2064 B.C. 11TH DYNASTY.
Inyotef I was the founder of the 11th Dynasty. He took Thebes
as the Capitol of Egypt and ruled it from 2074 till 2064 BC.
He was the son of Montuhotep I, the "elder". The king took
over a divided Egypt and tried to reunite the north and the
south under his power. Herakleopolitans ruled Northern Egypt
during the period of the 9th and 10th Dynasties' kings.
Inyotef was buried in Thebes in the mortuary complex that he
built. His royal successors honored his mortuary complex and
did not modify it.
Intef I was a local Egyptian ruler at Thebes, and a member of
the Eleventh dynasty during the First Intermediate Period. He
was the first of his dynasty to assume the title of Pharaoh,
with the Horus name of Sehertawy, ('He who has brought calm
to the Two Lands'). Intef I was the son of Mentuhotep I.
His authority was contested by the other nomarchs of Egypt,
chief among them being the Tenth dynasty at Herakleopolis
Magna and Ankhtifi, the well known nomarch of Hierakonpolis
who was a faithful follower of the Heraklepolitan dynasty.
On his accession to the throne, Intef probably ruled little
more than the surrounding areas of his capital but he had
gained control over Koptos, Dendera and the three nomes of
Hierakonpolis by the end of his reign after apparently winning
a victory over Ankhtifi or this nomarch's successor.
His reign length is unknown but must have been less than 16
years since the damaged Turin Canon papyrus assigns this
figure to the combined reigns of both Mentuhotep I and Intef
I. He was succeeded by his brother Intef II.