Hammat Tiberias

Hammat Tiberias Synagogue in Wikipedia

The Hammat Tiberias Synagogue, (Hebrew: Beit Knesset Hamat Tveriya) also known as the Severus synagogue, is an ancient synagogue on the outskirts of Tiberias, Israel, located near the hot springs just south of the city. [edit]History Two synagogue sites have been excavated at Hammat Tiberias. The first, uncovered in 1921 by Nachum Slouschz, working under the sponsorship of the Jewish Palestine Exploration Society, was a watershed event in the history of Israeli archaeology as the first archaeological dig conducted under Jewish auspices.[1] A limestone menorah uncovered there is now on display at the Israel Museum. The second synagogue site, excavated by Moshe Dothan, is noted for its elaborate mosaic floor. The synagogue was named after an inscription that reads, in Greek, "Severus the pupil of the most illustrious patriarchs," an apparent reference to the leaders of the Jewish community. In the center of one large mosaic is the Sun god, Helios, sitting in his chariot holding the celestial sphere and a whip. Nine of the 12 signs of the zodiac survived intact. Another panel shows a Torah ark flanked by two the seven- branched menorahs and other Jewish ritual objects.

Read More