Asclepius (pronounced /æsˈkliːpiəs/; Greek Ἀσκληπιός Asklēpiós
/askliːpiós/; Latin Aesculapius) is the god of medicine and
healing in ancient Greek religion. Asclepius represents the
healing aspect of the medical arts; his daughters are Hygieia
("Hygiene"), Iaso ("Medicine"), Aceso ("Healing"), Aglæa/Ægle
("Healthy Glow"), and Panacea ("Universal Remedy"). The rod of
Asclepius, a snake-entwined staff, remains a symbol of
medicine today, although sometimes the caduceus, or staff with
two snakes, is mistakenly used instead. He was associated with
the Roman/Etruscan god Vediovis. He was one of Apollo's sons.
Like his father the epithet Paean ("the Healer") was applied
1. A fabulous personage, said to have been a disciple of
Hermes, the Egyptian Thot, who was regarded as the father of
all wisdom and knowledge. 2. A Greek grammarian of uncertain
date, who wrote commentaries upon the orations of
Demosthenes and the history of Thucydides; but both works
are now lost. (Ulpian, ad Dem. Phililp. I; Schol. Bavar. ad
Denm. de fals. leg. pp. 375, 378; Marcellin. Vit. Thuc. 57;
Schol. ad Thuc. 1.56.) 3. Of Tralles, a Peripatetic
philosopher and a disciple of Ammonius, the son of Hermias.
He lived about A. D. 500. （*)Asklh/pios), a physician, who
must have lived some time in or before the second century
after Christ, as he is mentioned by Galen. (De Differ. Morb.
100.9. vol. vi. p. 869.) A person of the same name is quoted
by the Scholiast on Hippocrates (Dietz, Schol. in Hippocr.
et Gal. vol. ii. p. 458, n.. 470, n.) as having written a
commentary on the Aphorisms, and probably also on most of
the other works of Hippocrates, as he is said to have
undertaken to explain his writings by comparing one part
with another. (Ibid.; Littre, Oeuvres d'Hippocr. vol. i. p.
125.) Another physician of the same name is said by
Fabricius to be mentioned by Aetius. - A Dictionary of Greek
and Roman biography and mythology, William Smith, Ed.