Albinus (Greek: Ἀλβῖνος; fl. c. 150 AD) was a Platonist philosopher, who lived at Smyrna, and was teacher of Galen. A short tract by him, entitled Introduction to Plato's dialogues, has come down to us. From the title of one of the extant manuscripts we learn that Albinus was a pupil of Gaius the Platonist. The original title of his work was probably Prologos, and it may have originally formed the initial section of notes taken at the lectures of Gaius. After explaining the nature of the Dialogue, which he compares to a Drama, the writer goes on to divide the Dialogues of Plato into four classes, logical, critical, physical, ethical, and mentions another division of them into Tetralogies, according to their subjects. He advises that the Alcibiades, Phaedo, Republic, and Timaeus, should be read in a series.
Some of Albinus's fame is attributed to the fact that a 19th century German scholar, J. Freudenthal, attributed Alcinous's Handbook of Platonism to Albinus. This attribution has since been discredited by the work of John Wittaker in 1974.
Another Albinus is mentioned by Boethius and Cassiodorus, who wrote in Latin some works on music and geometry.
Albus or Albinus is a Latin surname, or cognomen, best known as the name of the main branch of the patrician gens Postumia. Albus, Albinus, the original form of the name, means "foreign", "someone of ofther jurisdiction" unlike, Album, Albus, which means "white". We also find in proper names in Latin, derivatives ending in -anus, -enus, and -inus, used without any additional meaning, in the same sense as the simple forms.
Albinus (died 732) was an abbot of St Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury. He assisted Bede in the compilation of his Historia Ecclesiastica, and what we know concerning him is chiefly derived from the dedicatory epistle at the beginning of that work. Albinus was a pupil of Archbishop Theodore and his coadjutor Adrian of Canterbury, abbot of St. Peter's. Through the instructions of the latter he became not only versed in the Scriptures, but likewise a master of Greek and Latin (Chron. G. Thorne). On the death of Adrian, Albinus succeeded to the abbacy, being the first native Englishman who filled that post. Bede in his epistle says that he was indebted to Albinus for all the facts contained in his history relating to the Kentish church between the first conversion of the English and the time at which he was writing. Much of this information was collected by the presbyter Nothelm, who, at the instigation of Albinus, undertook a journey to Rome and searched the archives there. Nothelm was the medium of communication between Bede and Albinus, for it does not appear that the two ever met. Albinus died in 732, and was buried beside his master Adrian.
Albinus of Provence
Albinus or Albin was the Prefect of Provence from 573 until he was replaced by Dynamius in 575. He was a royal appointee of Sigebert I. After his prefecture was up, he was elected to replace Ferreolus as Bishop of Uzès in 581.
The man he had replaced as prefect, Jovinus, later testified against him in court when it was alleged that he had unlawfully imprisoned an archdeacon on Christmas Day for the theft of a merchant's goods. After Albinus died the cathedral chapter elected Jovinus bishop.
Albinus (died 1197) was an Italian Cardinal of the late twelfth century. An Augustinian regular canon, he was Bishop of Albano from 1189 to 1197.
He was a legate and an important figure of the papal curia. He was also the author of the Gesta pauperis scolaris, a major source of the Liber Censuum. In politics, he was on good terms with Tancred of Lecce
He was created cardinal-deacon in 1182, and cardinal-priest with the title of S. Croce in Gerusalemme in 1185.