Bible Names A-G
Gallio in Wikipedia
Junius Annaeus Gallio (originally Lucius Annaeus Novatus),
son of the rhetorician Seneca the Elder and the elder
brother of Seneca the Younger, was born at Corduba (Cordova)
about the beginning of the Christian era.
At Rome he was adopted by Lucius Junius Gallio, a
rhetorician of some repute, from whom he took the name of
Junius Gallio. His brother Seneca, who dedicated to him the
treatises De Ira and De Vita Beata, speaks of the charm of
his disposition, also alluded to by the poet Statius
(Silvae, ii.7, 32). It is probable that he was banished to
Corsica with his brother, and that both returned together to
Rome when Agrippina selected Seneca to be tutor to Nero.
Towards the close of the reign of Claudius, Gallio was
proconsul of the newly constituted senatorial province of
Achaea, but seems to have been compelled by ill-health to
resign the post within a few years. During his tenure of
office, according to the Bible, he dismissed the charge
brought by the Jews against the apostle Paul (Acts 18 ). His
behaviour on this occasion ("but Gallio cared for none of
these things", v. 17) shows the impartial attitude of the
Roman officials towards Christianity in its early days. He
survived his brother Seneca, but was subsequently put to
death by order of Nero (in 65) or committed suicide.
Gallio's tenure can be fairly accurately dated to between
51-52 AD or 52-53 AD. The events of Acts 18 can therefore
be dated to this period. This is significant because it is
the most accurately known date in the life of Paul.