Bible Names A-G
Cyrus I in Wikipedia
(Old Persian Kuruš), was King of Anshan in Persia from c.
600 to 580 BC or, according to others, from c. 652 to 600
BC. He should not be confused with his famous grandson Cyrus
the Great, also known as Cyrus II. His name in Modern
Persian is کوروش, while in Greek he was called Κύρος.
Cyrus was an early member of the Achaemenid dynasty. He was
apparently a grandson of its founder Achaemenes and son of
Teispes, king of Anshan. Teispes' sons reportedly divided
the kingdom among them after his death. Cyrus reigned as
king of Anshan while his brother Ariaramnes was king of
The chronological placement of this event is uncertain. This
is due to his suggested but still debated identification
with the monarch known as "Kuras of Parsumas". Kuras is
first mentioned c. 652 BC. At that year Shamash-shum-ukin,
king of Babylon (668 - 648 BC) revolted against his older
brother and overlord Ashurbanipal, of king of Assyria (668 -
627 BC). Cyrus is mentioned being in a military alliance
with the former. The war between the two brothers ended in
648 BC with the defeat and reported suicide of Shamash-shum-
Cyrus is mentioned again in 639 BC. At that year
Ashurbanibal managed to defeat Elam and became overlord to
several of its former allies. Kuras was apparently among
them. His elder son "Arukku" was reportedly sent to Assyria
to pay tribute to its King. Kuras then seems to vanish from
historical record. His suggested identification with Cyrus
would help connect the Achaemenid dynasty to the major
events of the 7th century BC...
Cyrus the Great in Wikipedia
(Old Persian:, IPA: [kʰuːruʃ], Kūruš, Persian: کوروش بزرگ,
Kūrosh-e-Bozorg) (c. 600 BC or 576 BC – December 530
BC), also known as Cyrus II or Cyrus of Persia, was the
first Zoroastrian Persian emperor. He was the founder of the
Persian Empire under the Achaemenid dynasty.
It was under his own rule that the empire embraced all
previous civilized states of the ancient Near East,
expanded vastly and eventually conquered most of Southwest
Asia and much of Central Asia, from Egypt and the Hellespont
in the west to the Indus River in the east, to create the
largest empire the world had yet seen....