Bible Names A-G
Arphaxad in Wikipedia
Arpachshad or Arphaxad or Arphacsad (Hebrew: אַרְפַּכְשַׁד /
אַרְפַּכְשָׁד, Modern Arpakhshad Tiberian ʾArpaḵšaḏ / ʾArpaḵšāḏ ;
Arabic: 'أرفخشذ', Ārfakhshad; "healer," "releaser") was one
of the five sons of Shem, the son of Noah (Genesis 10:22,
24; 11:10-13; 1 Chron. 1:17-18). His brothers were Elam,
Asshur, Lud and Aram; he is an ancestor of Abraham. He is
said by Gen. 11:10 to have been born two years after the
Flood, when Shem was 100.
Arpachshad's son is called Shelah, except in the Septuagint,
where his son is Cainan (קינן), Shelah being Arpachshad's
grandson. Cainan is also identified as Arpachshad's son in
Luke 3:36 and Jubilees 8:1.
Other ancient Jewish sources, particularly the Book of
Jubilees, point to Arpachshad as the immediate progenitor of
Ura and Kesed, who allegedly founded the city of Ur Kesdim
(Ur of the Chaldees) on the west bank of the Euphrates (Jub.
9:4; 11:1-7) - the same bank where Ur, identified by Leonard
Woolley in 1927 as Ur of the Chaldees, is located.
Donald B. Redford has asserted that Arpachshad is to be
identified with Babylon. Until Woolley's identification of
Ur, Arpachshad was understood by many Jewish and Muslim
scholars to be an area in northern Mesopotamia, Urfa of the
Yazidis. This led to the identification of Arpachshad with
Urfa-Kasid (due to similarities in the names ארפ־כשד and
כשדים) - a land associated with the Khaldis, whom Josephus
confused with the Chaldean.
Another Arpachshad is referenced in the deuterocanonical
Book of Judith as being the "king of the Medes" contemporary
with Nebuchadnezzar II, but this is thought to be a
corruption of the historical name Cyaxares (Hvakhshathra).