Bible Names A-G
Antipas of Pergamum in Wikipedia
is referred to in the Book of Revelation (Revelation 2:13) as
the "faithful martyr" of Pergamon. According to Christian
tradition, John the Apostle ordained Antipas as bishop of the
Pergamon during the reign of the Roman emperor Domitian. The
traditional account goes on to say Antipas was martyred in ca.
92 AD by burning in a brazen bull-shaped altar used for
casting out demons worshiped by the local population.
There is a tradition of oil ("manna of the saints") being
secreted from the relics of Saint Antipas. On the calendars
of Eastern Christianity, the feast day of Antipas is April 11.
Some Christians pray to this saint for ailments of the
Herod Antipas in Wikipedia
(short for Antipatros) (before 20 BC – after 39 AD) was a
first century AD ruler of Galilee and Perea, who bore the
title of tetrarch ("ruler of a quarter"). He is best known
today for accounts in the New Testament of his role in
events that led to the executions of John the Baptist and
Jesus of Nazareth, and through their portrayal in modern
media, such as film.
After inheriting his territories when the kingdom of his
father Herod the Great was divided upon his death in 4 BC,
Antipas ruled them as a client state of the Roman Empire. He
was responsible for building projects at Sepphoris and
Betharamphtha, and more important for the construction of
his capital Tiberias on the western shore of the Sea of
Galilee. Named in honor of his patron, the emperor Tiberius,
the city later became a center of rabbinic learning.
Antipas divorced his first wife Phasaelis, the daughter of
King Aretas IV of Nabatea, in favour of Herodias, who had
formerly been married to his brother Herod Philip I.
According to the New Testament Gospels, it was John the
Baptist's condemnation of this arrangement that led Antipas
to have him arrested; John was subsequently put to death.
The Gospel of Luke states that when Jesus was brought before
Pontius Pilate for trial, Pilate handed him over to Antipas,
in whose territory Jesus had been active. However, Antipas
sent him back to Pilate. The legal basis for these events,
and the very historicity of Antipas' involvement in the
trial, have been the subject of scholarly debate. Besides
provoking his conflict with the Baptist, the tetrarch's
divorce added a personal grievance to previous disputes with
Aretas over territory on the border of Perea and Nabatea.
The result was a war that proved disastrous for Antipas; a
Roman counter-offensive was ordered by Tiberius, but
abandoned upon that emperor's death in 37 AD. In 39 AD
Antipas was accused by his nephew Agrippa I of conspiracy
against the new Roman emperor Caligula, who sent him into
exile in Gaul. Accompanied there by Herodias, he died at an