Bible Names A-G
Amraphel in Wikipedia
In the Tanakh or Old Testament, Amraphel was a king of Shinar
(Babylonia, broadly speaking) in Genesis xiv.1 and 9, who
invaded the west along with Chedorlaomer, king of Elam, and
others, and defeated Sodom and the other Cities of the Plain
in the Battle of the vale of siddim.
Beginning with E. Schrader (Cuneiform Inscriptions and the Old
Testament, vol II (1888), pp 299ff) this king was usually
associated with Hammurabi, who ruled in Babylon from 1792 BC
until his death in 1750 BC. However, according to The Oxford
Companion to the Bible, this view has been largely abandoned
in recent years. According to John Van Seters in Abraham in
History and Tradition, the existence of Amraphel is
unconfirmed by any sources outside the Bible.
In the Midrash and the later Rabbinical literature, Amraphel
was identified with Nimrod (this is also attested to in the
11th Book of Jasher).