Hieroglyphs means "holy writing." The priests and scribes of ancient Egypt used this form of picture - writing (Phonetic) with its several hundred signs, to record the nation's historical and religious texts. Common people wrote in demotic script. One interesting fact is that in 1798 one of Napoleon's soldiers found a stone in an egyptian village called Rosetta. The famous Rosetta Stone's message, written in trilingual (Koine Greek, ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, and demotic script), gave scholars the key to deciphering most of the ancient Middle Kingdom Egyptian hieroglyphics.