House of the Samnite Herculaneum 2nd century B.C. Four styles are generally used to designate the major periods in Pompeian and Roman painting and decoration. The first style covers the period from about 175 B.C. to 80 B.C. The second style dates from about 80 B.C. until 1 A.D. The third style begins around 1 A.D. or somewhat earlier and lasts until the earthquake in 62. And the fourth style develops after 62 up to the end of the city in 79. This vestibule from the House of the Samnite is in the first style, also referred to as the incrustation style. Decoration attempts to be costly. These stucco-covered columns are an imitation of marble. Notice the beautiful stone wall which originally was covered and painted too.

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