Vespasian in Wikipedia
Titus Flavius Vespasianus, commonly known as Vespasian (17
November 9 – 23 June 79), was Roman Emperor from 69 to
79. Vespasian was the founder of the Flavian dynasty which
ruled the empire for a quarter century. Vespasian was
descended from a family of equestrians which rose into the
senatorial rank under the emperors of the Julio-Claudian
dynasty. Although he attained the standard succession of
public offices, holding the consulship in 51, Vespasian
became more reputed as a successful military commander,
participating in the Roman invasion of Britain in 43, and
subjugating Judaea during the Jewish rebellion of 66.
While Vespasian was preparing to besiege the city of
Jerusalem during the latter campaign, emperor Nero committed
suicide, plunging the empire into a year of civil war known
as the Year of the Four Emperors. After the emperors Galba
and Otho perished in quick succession, Vitellius became
emperor in April 69. In response, the armies in Egypt and
Judaea declared Vespasian emperor on July 1. In his bid
for imperial power, Vespasian joined forces with Mucianus,
the governor of Syria, and Primus, a general in Pannonia.
Primus and Mucianus led the Flavian forces against
Vitellius, while Vespasian gained control of Egypt. On 20
December, Vitellius was defeated, and the following day
Vespasian was declared emperor by the Roman Senate.
Little factual information survives about Vespasian's
government during the ten years he was emperor. His reign is
best known for financial reforms following the demise of the
Julio-Claudian dynasty, the successful campaign against
Judaea, and several ambitious construction projects such as
the Colosseum. Upon his death in 79, he was succeeded by his
eldest son Titus...