Tarquin the Proud in Roman Biography
Tarquin the Proud, [Lat. Lu'cius Tarquin'ius
Sii'er'bus; Fr. Tarquin le Superhe, laVkaN' leh
sii'paiRb',] son of Tarquinius Priscus, and seventh King
of Rome. In 534 B.C. he succeeded Servius Tullius,
whom he had caused to be assassinated, and whose
daughter Tullia he had married. He put to death the
senators who had favoured the reforms of Servius, and,
while displaying great ability, governed with despotic
power. He conquered several neighbouring cities, built
the Capitol and other public edifices, and established
colonies at Signia and Circeii.
The outrage committed by his son Sextus upon Lucretia
roused the people, already exasperated by his
tyranny, to throw off the yoke, and Tarquin was deposed
by an armed force led by Junius Brutus. Alter several
ineffectual attempts to regain his power, he formed an
alliance with Lars Porsena of Clusium, in conjunction
with whom he fought, the battle of Lake Regillus, (496
B.C.) They were totally defeated by the Romans, and Tarquin
escaped to Cumse, where he died in 495 B.C.
He was the last of the Roman kings.
Histoid of Rome," books i. and ii. ; Niebuhr,
of Rome;" V. Malvezzi, "Tarquinio Superbo," 1635; K. O.
Muli.rr, "Etrnsker;" "Nouvelle Biographie Ge^ieVale;"
Programmata II. de Taiquinii Superbi Rebus gestis,"