Solomon in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Shlomoh in Hebrew. Second child of David by Bathsheba.
Josephus makes Solomon last born of David's sons (Ant. 7:14,
section 2). His history is contained in 2 Samuel 12:24-25; 1
Chronicles 22:6-16; 1 Chronicles 22:1 Kings 1-11; 2
Chronicles 1-9. The leading events of his life were
selected, under inspiration: namely, his grandeur, extensive
commerce, and wisdom, etc. (1 Kings 9:10-10:29), from "the
book of the Acts of Solomon"; his accession and dedication
of the temple (1 Kings 1 - 1 Kings 8:66) from "the book of
Nathan the prophet"; his idolatry and its penal consequences
(1 Kings 11) from "the book of Ahijah the Shilonite and the
visions of Iddo the seer." Psalm 72 was his production under
the Spirit. Its objective character accords with Solomon's
other writings, whereas subjective feeling characterizes
David's psalms. Solomon's glorious and wide kingdom typifies
Messiah's. The Nile, Mediterranean, and Euphrates, were then
Israel's bounds (1 Kings 4:21; 2 Chronicles 9:26) as
promised in Genesis 15:18; Deuteronomy 11:24.
From thence Messiah is to reign to the ends of the
earth (Deuteronomy 11:8; Isaiah 9:5-6; Isaiah 11; Zechariah
9:10; see Micah 5:4; Numbers 24:19). "The song of degrees,"
i.e. for Israelites going up to the great feasts at
Jerusalem (Psalm 127), was also Solomon's. It has no trace
of the sadness which pervades "the songs of degrees" without
titles, and which accords with the post captivity period.
The individual comes into prominence here, whereas they
speak more of the nation and church. The theme suits Solomon
who occupied chiefly the domestic civic territory. The main
thought answers to Proverbs 10:22, "so God giveth His
beloved sleep," i.e. undisturbed repose and wealth without
the anxieties of the worldly, in a way they know not how
(Mark 4:27). So God gave to His beloved S. in sleep
(Hengstenberg supplies "in"); Matthew 6:25; Matthew 6:34.
Jedidiah ("beloved of Jehovah," Psalm 127:2) was his God-
given name (Psalm 60:5). Solomon evidently refers (Psalm
60:2) to his own experience (1 Kings 3:5-13; 1 Kings 4:20-
25), yet in so unstudied a way that the coincidence is
evidently undesigned, and so confirms the authenticity of
both psalm and independent history. (See PROVERBS;
CANTICLES, THE SONG OF SOLOMON; ECCLESIASTES, THE BOOK