Seti I in Wikipedia
Menmaatre Seti I (also called Sethos I after the Greeks) was a Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt (Nineteenth dynasty of
Egypt), the son of Ramesses I and Queen Sitre, and the father of Ramesses II. As with all dates in Ancient Egypt,
the actual dates of his reign are unclear, and various historians claim different dates, with 1294 BC – 1279 BC
and 1290 BC to 1279 BC being the most commonly used by scholars today.
The name Seti means "of Set", which indicates that he was consecrated to the god Set (commonly "Seth"). As with
most Pharaohs, Seti had several names. Upon his ascension, he took the prenomen mn-m3‘t-r‘, which translates as
Menmaatre in Egyptian, meaning "Eternal is the Justice of Re." His better known nomen, or birth name is
technically transliterated as sty mry-n-ptḥ, or Sety Merenptah, meaning "Man of Set, beloved of Ptah". Manetho
incorrectly considered him to be the founder of the 19th dynasty.
The alleged coregency of Seti I
Around Year 9 of his reign, Seti appointed his son Ramesses II as the Crown Prince and his chosen successor, but
the evidence for a coregency between the two kings is likely illusory. Peter J. Brand who has published an
extensive biography on this Pharaoh and his numerous works, stresses in his thesis that relief decorations at
various temple sites at Karnak, Qurna and Abydos which associate Ramesses II with Seti I, were actually carved
after Seti's death by Ramesses II himself and, hence, cannot be used as source material to support a co-regency
between the two monarchs. In addition, the late William Murnane who first endorsed the theory of a co-regency
between Seti I and Ramesses II later revised his view of the proposed co-regency and rejected the idea that
Ramesses II had begun to count his own regnal years while Seti I was still alive. Finally, Kenneth Kitchen
rejects the term co-regency to describe the relationship between Seti I and Ramesses II; he describes the earliest
phase of Ramesses II's career as a "prince regency" where the young Ramesses enjoyed all the trappings of royalty
including the use of a royal titulary and harem but did not count his regnal years until after his father's
death. This is due to the fact that the evidence for a co-regency between the two kings is vague and highly
ambiguous. Two important inscriptions from the first decade of Ramesses' reign, namely the Abydos Dedicatory
Inscription and the Kuban Stela of Ramesses II, consistently give the latter titles associated with those of a
Crown Prince only, namely the "king's eldest son and hereditary prince" or "child-heir" to the throne "along with
some military titles."
Hence, no clear evidence supports the hypothesis that Ramesses II was already a co-regent under his father. Brand
" Ramesses' claim that he was crowned king by Seti, even as a child in his arms [in the Dedicatory
Inscription], is highly self-serving and open to question although his description of his role as crown prince is
more accurate...The most reliable and concrete portion of this statement is the enumeration of Ramesses' titles as
eldest king's son and heir apparent, well attested in sources contemporary with Seti's reign."...