Prophecies of Hosea in Easton's Bible Dictionary
This book stands first in order among the "Minor Prophets."
probable cause of the location of Hosea may be the
national character of his oracles, their length,
tone, and vivid representations." This was the
longest of the
prophetic books written before the Captivity. Hosea
in a dark and melancholy period of Israel's history,
of Israel's decline and fall. Their sins had brought
great national disasters. "Their homicides and
their perjury and theft, their idolatry and impiety,
censured and satirized with a faithful severity." He
contemporary of Isaiah. The book may be divided into
the first containing chapters 1-3, and symbolically
the idolatry of Israel under imagery borrowed from
matrimonial relation. The figures of marriage and
common in the Old Testament writings to represent
relations between Jehovah and the people of Israel.
Here we see
the apostasy of Israel and their punishment, with
repentance, forgiveness, and restoration.
The second part, containing 4-14, is a summary of
discourses, filled with denunciations, threatenings,
exhortations, promises, and revelations of mercy.
Quotations from Hosea are found in Matt. 2:15; 9:15;
Rom. 9:25, 26. There are, in addition, various
allusions to it
in other places (Luke 23:30; Rev. 6:16, comp. Hos.
9:25, 26; 1 Pet. 2:10, comp. Hos. 1:10, etc.).
As regards the style of this writer, it has been
"each verse forms a whole for itself, like one heavy
toll in a
funeral knell." "Inversions (7:8; 9:11, 13; 12: 8),
(9:6; 12:8, etc.), ellipses (9:4; 13:9, etc.),
plays upon words, are very characteristic of Hosea
10:5; 11:5; 12:11)."