Oven in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
tanur. Fixed or portable. The fixed ovens were inside towns.
The portable ovens consisted of a large clay jar, three feet
high, widening toward the bottom, with a hole to extract the
ashes. Sometimes there was an erection of clay in the form
of a jar, built on the house floor. Every house had one
(Exodus viii. 3 ); only in a famine (lid one suffice for
several faro-flies (Leviticus xxvi. 26). Tile heating fuel
was dry grass and twigs (Blurt. vt. 30: "grass, which to-day
is, to-morrow is cast into the oven"). The loaves were
placed inside, and thin cakes outside of it.
Image of consuming vengeance (Malachi 4:1). Psalm
21:9; "Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven in the time of
Thine anger... burning with Thy hot, wrath in the day of the
Lord." Hosea 7:4, 7: "they are all adulterers, as an oven
heated by (burning from) the baker," i.e. the fire burns of
itself, even after tlle baker has ceased to feed it with
fuel. "Who teaseth from raising (rather from heating it
meeir) after he hath kneaded the dough until it be
leavened:" he omits to feed it only during the short time of
the fermentation of the bread. So their lusts were on fire
even in the short respite that Satan gives, till his leaven
has worked. 2 Peter 2:14, "cannot cease from sin."