Orpheus in Wikipedia
Orpheus (Greek: Ὀρφεύς; in English pronounced /ˈɔrfi.əs/ or /
ˈɔrfjuːs/) is an important figure from Greek
mythology, the inspiration for
subsequent Orphic cults, much of the literature, poetry and
drama of ancient Greece and Rome and, due to his association
with singing and the lyre, much dramatic Western classical
The historicity of Orpheus was generally accepted by the
ancients, though Aristotle believed that he never actually
existed. He is not mentioned in Homer or Hesiod. The
earliest surviving reference is a two-word fragment of the
sixth-century B.C. lyric poet Ibycus: onomaklyton Orphēn
("Orpheus famous of name").
Orpheus was called by Pindar "the father of songs" and
asserted to be a son of the Thracian river god Oeagrus.
The Muse Calliope was his mother, but as Karl Kerenyi
observes, "in the popular mind he was more closely linked
to the community of his disciples and adherents than with any
particular race or family"...