Omri in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
("servant of Jehovah".)
1. Elah's captain. Besieged Gibbethon in Dan, the
siege had some time before been begun by Nadab (1 Kings
15:27). On Elan's murder at Tirzah by Zimri the army made
Omri king, 935 B.C. He took Tirzah, and Zimri after a seven
days' reign perished in the flames. Half the people desired
Tibni (1 Kings 16:15-27), who according to the Septuagint
was helped by his brother Joram, but died defeated. The
civil war was of four years' duration. In 931 B.C. Omri
began his sole reign. For six years he reigned at the
beautiful Tirzah (Song of Solomon 6:4). But having proved
its inability to resist a siege, he bought for two silver
talents from Shemer the hill Shomron or Samaria, six miles
from the old capital, Shechem, and distinguished for
strength, beauty, and fertility. Here he reigned for six
years more, and died in 919 B.C. Determined and unscrupulous
he "walked in Jeroboam's sin of the calf worship, provoking
Jehovah God of Israel to anger with vanities."
His "might which he showed" was celebrated in the
royal chronicles. To strengthen his dynasty he allied
himself to Benhadad I of Damascus, surrendering cities as
the price of the alliance (1 Kings 20:34), including Ramoth
Gilead (1 Kings 22:3). (See AHAB.) For the same end his son
Ahab married the Sidonian king Ethbaal's daughter Jezebel,
which issued in the introduction of Baal worship into
Israel. Compare Micah 6:16. "the statutes (a firmly
established system) of Omri." His vigour secured the
permanence of his dynasty for four reigns, until God by Jehu
overthrew it for its guilt. Beth Omri, "the house of Omri,"
is the regular designation for Samaria in Assyrian
monuments, thus confirming 1 Kings 16:24. In the black
obelisk even Jehu as king of Israel is called "son of Omri"
In the Dibon stone Mesha records that Omri subjected and
oppressed Moab until Mesha delivered his country. This
agrees with the Hebrew date for Omri, and with the "might"
attributed to him (1 Kings 16:27).
2. 1 Chronicles 7:8.
3. 1 Chronicles 9:4.
4. 1 Chronicles 27:18.