Nile River in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
nil (Neilos, meaning not certainly known; perhaps refers to
the color of the water, as black or blue. This name does not
occur in the Hebrew of the Old Testament or in the English
I. THE NILE IN PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY
2. Geological Origin
3. The Making of Egypt
4. The Inundation
5. The Infiltration
II. THE NILE IN HISTORY
1. The Location of Temples
2. The Location of Cemeteries
3. The Damming of the Nile
4. Egyptian Famines
III. THE NILE IN RELIGION
1. The Nile as a God
2. The Nile in the Osirian Myth
3. The Celestial Nile
A river of North Africa, the great river of Egypt. The name
employed in the Old Testament to designate the Nile is in
the Hebrew ye'or, Egyptian aur, earlier, atur, usually
translated "river," also occasionally "canals" (Ps 78:44;
Ezek 29:3 ff). In a general way it means all the water of
Egypt. The Nile is also the principal river included in the
phrase nahare kush, "rivers of Ethiopia" (Isa 18:1).
Poetically the Nile is called yam, "sea" (Job 41:31; Nah
3:8; probably Isa 18:2), but this is not a name of the
river. shichor, not always written fully, has also been
interpreted in a mistaken way of the Nile (see SHIHOR).
Likewise nahar mitsrayim, "brook of Egypt," a border stream
in no way connected with the Nile, has sometimes been
mistaken for that river.
See RIVER OF EGYPT.
I. The Nile in Physical Geography.
The Nile is formed by the junction of the White Nile and the
Blue Nile in latitude 15 degree 45' North and longitude 32
degree 45' East. The Blue Nile rises in the highlands of
Abyssinia, latitude 12 degree 30' North, long. 35 degree
East, and flows Northwest 850 miles to its junction with the
White North. The White Nile, the principal branch of the
North, rises in Victoria Nyanza, a great lake in Central
Africa, a few miles North of the equator, long. 33 degree
East (more exactly the Nile may be said to rise at the
headwaters of the Ragera River, a small stream on the other
side of the lake, 3 degree South of the equator), and flows
North in a tortuous channel, 1,400 miles to its junction
with the Blue Nile. From this junction-point the Niles flows
North through Nubia and Egypt 1,900 miles and empties into
the Mediterranean Sea, in latitude 32 degree North, through
2 mouths, the Rosetta, East of Alexandria, and the Damietta,
West of Port Said. There were formerly 7 mouths scattered
along a coast-line of 140 miles.
2. Geological Origin:
The Nile originated...