Nicomēdes in Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898)

Nicomēdes III., surnamed Philopator, king of Bithynia (B.C. 91-74), son and successor of Nicomedes II. Immediately after his accession, he was expelled by Mithridates, who set up against him his brother Socrates; but he was restored by the Romans in the following year (B.C. 90). At the instigation of the Romans, Nicomedes now proceeded to attack the dominions of Mithridates, who expelled him a second time from his kingdom (B.C. 88). This was the immediate occasion of the First Mithridatic War, at the conclusion of which (B.C. 84) Nicomedes was again reinstated in his kingdom. He reigned nearly ten years after this second restoration. He died at the beginning of B.C. 74, and, having no children, by his will bequeathed his kingdom to the Roman people.

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