Nerva in Wikipedia
Marcus Cocceius Nerva (8 November 30 – 25 January 98),
commonly known as Nerva, was Roman Emperor from 96 to 98.
Nerva became emperor at the age of sixty-five, after a
lifetime of imperial service under Nero and the rulers of
the Flavian dynasty. Under Nero, he was a member of the
imperial entourage and played a vital part in exposing the
Pisonian conspiracy of 65. Later, as a loyalist to the
Flavians, he attained consulships in 71 and 90 during the
reigns of Vespasian and Domitian respectively.
On 18 September 96, Domitian was assassinated in a palace
conspiracy involving members of the Praetorian Guard and
several of his freedmen. On the same day, Nerva was declared
emperor by the Roman Senate. As the new ruler of the Roman
Empire, he vowed to restore liberties which had been
curtailed during the autocratic government of Domitian.
However, Nerva's brief reign was marred by financial
difficulties and his inability to assert his authority over
the Roman army. A revolt by the Praetorian Guard in October
97 essentially forced him to adopt an heir. After some
deliberation Nerva adopted Trajan, a young and popular
general, as his successor. After barely fifteen months in
office, Nerva died of natural causes on 27 January 98. Upon
his death he was succeeded and deified by Trajan.
Although much of his life remains obscure, Nerva was
considered a wise and moderate emperor by ancient
historians. Recent historians have revised this assessment,
characterizing Nerva as a well-intentioned but ultimately
weak ruler, whose reign brought the Roman Empire to the
brink of civil war. Nerva's greatest success was his ability
to ensure a peaceful transition of power after his death,
thus founding the Nerva-Antonine dynasty...
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